How to format your references using the The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mastrandrea MD. Obituary: Stephen Henry Schneider (1945-2010). Nature. 2010;466(7309):933.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lecuit T, Le Goff L. Orchestrating size and shape during morphogenesis. Nature. 2007;450(7167):189-192.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zeyl C, Vanderford T, Carter M. An evolutionary advantage of haploidy in large yeast populations. Science. 2003;299(5606):555-558.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chekeni FB, Elliott MR, Sandilos JK, et al. Pannexin 1 channels mediate “find-me” signal release and membrane permeability during apoptosis. Nature. 2010;467(7317):863-867.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paret D, Riesco R. RFID and Contactless Smart Card Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Gullotta TP, Plant RW, Evans MA, eds. Handbook of Adolescent Behavioral Problems: Evidence-Based Approaches to Prevention and Treatment. 2nd ed. 2015. Springer US; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Koranyi A. Holomorphic and Harmonic Functions on Bounded Symmetric Domains. In: Vesentini E, ed. Geometry of Homogeneous Bounded Domains. Springer; 2011:125-197.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation.

Blog post
Fang J. DARPA Wants Brain Implants For Restoring Memories. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. High Definition Television: The Effects of Standards on U.S. Entertainment Industries. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bannister RM. To What Extent Are the Grade Configurations of Middle/High Schools and High Schools Related to Student Engagement? Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Peters JF, Nikas J, Lyons E. Youth in San Diego: Skateboards, Beach Hangs and Chicano Culture. New York Times. September 9, 2017:ST4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
AbbreviationJ. Heart Lung Transplant.
ISSN (print)1053-2498
ISSN (online)1557-3117
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Other styles