How to format your references using the The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D. French lab seeks recipe for success. Nature. 2000;407(6804):551.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sagan SM, Sarnow P. Molecular biology. RNAi, Antiviral after all. Science. 2013;342(6155):207-208.
A journal article with 3 authors
Platt T, Fuentes-Yaco C, Frank KT. Marine ecology: Spring algal bloom and larval fish survival. Nature. 2003;423(6938):398-399.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ying YL, Zhang J, Meng FN, et al. A stimuli-responsive nanopore based on a photoresponsive host-guest system. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1662.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chang CM. Service Systems Management and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Bomze IM. Nonlinear Optimization: Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School Held in Cetraro, Italy, July 1-7, 2007. Vol 1989. (Demyanov VF, Fletcher R, Terlaky T, Di Pillo G, Schoen F, eds.). Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Pisano A, Verniero L, Masserini F. Prone Positioning to Reduce Mortality in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. In: Landoni G, Mucchetti M, Zangrillo A, Bellomo R, eds. Reducing Mortality in Critically Ill Patients. Springer International Publishing; 2015:31-38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation.

Blog post
Andrew D. Fantastic Beasts And Where To Find Them: A History Of Monsters, From Werewolves To Hippogriffs. IFLScience. Published November 16, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transatlantic Aviation: Effects of Easing Restrictions on U.S.-European Markets. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Timko EJ. Polynomial Tuples of Commuting Isometries Constrained by 1-Dimensional Varieties. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. And Here’s How It Got on Your Head. New York Times. May 13, 2010:E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
AbbreviationJ. Heart Lung Transplant.
ISSN (print)1053-2498
ISSN (online)1557-3117
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Other styles