How to format your references using the The Journal of Experimental Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Experimental Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Müller, R.D. 2010. Geophysics. Sedimentary basins feeling the heat from below. Science. 329:769–770.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pielke, R.A., Sr, and T.N. Chase. 2004. Comment on “Contributions of anthropogenic and natural forcing to recent tropopause height changes.” Science. 303:1771; author reply 1771.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song, C., S. Havlin, and H.A. Makse. 2005. Self-similarity of complex networks. Nature. 433:392–395.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Jorgensen, P., J.L. Nishikawa, B.-J. Breitkreutz, and M. Tyers. 2002. Systematic identification of pathways that couple cell growth and division in yeast. Science. 297:395–400.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maidl, B., M. Thewes, and U. Maidl. 2014. Handbook of Tunnel Engineering II. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Sidoravičius, V. ed. . 2009. New Trends in Mathematical Physics: Selected contributions of the XVth International Congress on Mathematical Physics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. XLII, 872 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Solonnikov, V. 2008. On Problem of Stability of Equilibrium Figures of Uniformly Rotating Viscous Incompressible Liquid. In Instability in Models Connected with Fluid Flows II. C. Bardos and A. Fursikov, editors. Springer, New York, NY. 189–254.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Experimental Medicine.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2015. This Is How SpaceX Plans To Land On Mars. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1970. Administration of Payroll Matters for Civilian Employees, Marine Corps Development and Education Command. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gunther, A. 2014. The Effects of Writing Task Choice on Behavioral and Academic Outcomes of Students with ADHD. Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Healy, J., R. Pérez-Peña, and A. Blinder. 2017. Stalled Over Gulf, Storm Deepens Texans’ Soggy Misery. New York Times. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Müller, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Müller, 2010; Pielke and Chase, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pielke and Chase, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Jorgensen et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Experimental Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Exp. Med.
ISSN (print)0022-1007
ISSN (online)1540-9538
Immunology and Allergy

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