How to format your references using the Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mesot J. Applied physics. The neutron spin-echo technique at full strength. Science. 2006;312:1888–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hill RA, Barton RA. Psychology: red enhances human performance in contests. Nature. 2005;435:293.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mullen KT, Kim YJ, Gheiratmand M. Contrast normalization in colour vision: the effect of luminance contrast on colour contrast detection. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7350.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Isobe H, Miyagoshi T, Shibata K, Yokoyama T. Filamentary structure on the Sun from the magnetic Rayleigh-Taylor instability. Nature. 2005;434:478–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arduin P-E, Grundstein M, Rosenthal-Sabroux C. Information and Knowledge System. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; Jul 14, 2015.
An edited book
Jiménez Catalán RM, editor. Lexical Availability in English and Spanish as a Second Language. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. XIV, 205 p. 25 illus., 11 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Bitansky N, Vaikuntanathan V. Indistinguishability Obfuscation: From Approximate to Exact. In: Kushilevitz E, Malkin T editors. Theory of Cryptography: 13th International Conference, TCC 2016-A, Tel Aviv, Israel, January 10-13, 2016, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A.

Blog post
Davis J. Predatory Cockroach From The Age Of The Dinosaurs Discovered Trapped In Amber [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FAA Technical Center: Mission and Role in National Airspace System Plan Implementation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Jan. Report No.: IMTEC-88-6BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gillespie SE. Landscapes in Flux [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Candaele K. Caminiti’s Baseball Legacy. New York Times. 2004;

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1),(2).
This sentence cites four references (1)–(4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A
AbbreviationJ. Biomed. Mater. Res. A
ISSN (print)1549-3296
ISSN (online)1552-4965
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
Ceramics and Composites
Metals and Alloys

Other styles