How to format your references using the The Journal of Antibiotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Antibiotics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Livio, M. Lab life: don’t bristle at blunders. Nature 497, 309–310 (2013).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Fried, S. D. & Boxer, S. G. BIOPHYSICS. Response to Comments on ‘Extreme electric fields power catalysis in the active site of ketosteroid isomerase’. Science 349, 936 (2015).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nam, K. H., Park, I. H. & Ko, S. H. Patterning by controlled cracking. Nature 485, 221–224 (2012).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Emilsson, V. et al. Co-regulatory networks of human serum proteins link genetics to disease. Science 361, 769–773 (2018).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Spector, P. Understanding Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2016).
An edited book
1.
Methods and Tools for Collaborative Networked Organizations. (Springer US, 2008).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Spiotta, M., Bottrighi, A., Giordano, L. & Theseider Dupré, D. Conformance Analysis of the Execution of Clinical Guidelines with Basic Medical Knowledge and Clinical Terminology. in Knowledge Representation for Health Care: 6th International Workshop, KR4HC 2014, held as part of the Vienna Summer of Logic, VSL 2014, Vienna, Austria, July 21, 2014. Revised Selected Papers (eds. Miksch, S., Riaño, D. & ten Teije, A.) 62–77 (Springer International Publishing, 2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Antibiotics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, D. 7 Myths About Your Body That You Probably Believe. IFLScience (2015). Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/7-myths-you-probably-believe-about-your-body/. (Accessed: 30th October 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Comments on the Solar Power Satellite Research, Development, and Demonstration Program Act of 1978. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Dunn, L. K. Hiring manager’s consideration process for ex-offender job applicants: A grounded theory study. (Capella University, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Ortved, J. Bottoms Up: It’s Her Brand. New York Times D7 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Antibiotics
AbbreviationJ. Antibiot. (Tokyo)
ISSN (print)0021-8820
ISSN (online)1881-1469
ScopeDrug Discovery
Pharmacology

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