How to format your references using the The Journal of Antibiotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Antibiotics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Barbier, E. B. Economics: Account for depreciation of natural capital. Nature 515, 32–33 (2014).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Crone, T. J. & Tolstoy, M. Magnitude of the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil leak. Science 330, 634 (2010).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Whitfield, C. W., Cziko, A.-M. & Robinson, G. E. Gene expression profiles in the brain predict behavior in individual honey bees. Science 302, 296–299 (2003).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Zachos, J., Pagani, M., Sloan, L., Thomas, E. & Billups, K. Trends, rhythms, and aberrations in global climate 65 Ma to present. Science 292, 686–693 (2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vento, J. J. Financial Independence (Getting to Point X ). (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013).
An edited book
1.
Asian Paleoanthropology: From Africa to China and Beyond. (Springer Netherlands, 2011).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gorgulho, A. M. S. B. S., Neves, R. F. M. F. & Horta, N. C. G. System Validation. in Intelligent Financial Portfolio Composition based on Evolutionary Computation Strategies (eds. Neves, R. F. M. F. & Horta, N. C. G.) 57–68 (Springer, 2013).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Antibiotics.

Blog post
1.
Fang, J. Geese Fly Over Himalayas Using Rollercoaster Strategy. IFLScience (2015).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Modernization Program. (1998).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lyzlov, A. In Vivo Efficacy of Lanthanum Carbonate on Intestinal Phosphorus Absorption in Stage Five Chronic Kidney Disease Patients Undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis. (California State University, Long Beach, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey, G. The Sideline as Studio. New York Times C17 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Antibiotics
AbbreviationJ. Antibiot. (Tokyo)
ISSN (print)0021-8820
ISSN (online)1881-1469
ScopeDrug Discovery
Pharmacology

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