How to format your references using the The Journal of Antibiotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Antibiotics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik, P. Science and technology networks in Scandinavia. Nature 420, A1 (2002).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gray, G. M. & Cohen, J. T. Policy: Rethink chemical risk assessments. Nature 489, 27–28 (2012).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
De Moraes, C. M., Mescher, M. C. & Tumlinson, J. H. Caterpillar-induced nocturnal plant volatiles repel conspecific females. Nature 410, 577–580 (2001).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Farh, K. K.-H. et al. The widespread impact of mammalian MicroRNAs on mRNA repression and evolution. Science 310, 1817–1821 (2005).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ishiyama, J. T. Comparative Politics. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011).
An edited book
1.
Methods for Measuring Greenhouse Gas Balances and Evaluating Mitigation Options in Smallholder Agriculture. (Springer International Publishing, 2016).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Peterson, A. Civic Virtue and Global Responsibilities. in Educating “Good” Citizens in a Globalising World for the Twenty-First Century (eds. Print, M. & Tan, C.) 49–64 (SensePublishers, 2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Antibiotics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E. Closest Galaxy Collision To Earth Marked With Celestial Fireworks. IFLScience (2015).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Head Start: Information on Sponsoring Organizations and Center Facilities. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1989).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Sakalli Gumus, S. Preparing teachers for partnering with families: Examining the impact of a specifically designed curriculum on professionals. (Indiana University, 2008).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly, R. E. An agenda for South Korea’s new leader. New York Times 0 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Antibiotics
AbbreviationJ. Antibiot. (Tokyo)
ISSN (print)0021-8820
ISSN (online)1881-1469
ScopeDrug Discovery
Pharmacology

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