How to format your references using the The Journal of Antibiotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Antibiotics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Evans, J. A. Computer science. Future science. Science 342, 44–45 (2013).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Jetz, W. & Rahbek, C. Geographic range size and determinants of avian species richness. Science 297, 1548–1551 (2002).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Davis, M. C., Dahn, R. D. & Shubin, N. H. An autopodial-like pattern of Hox expression in the fins of a basal actinopterygian fish. Nature 447, 473–476 (2007).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Okabe, M., Imai, T., Kurusu, M., Hiromi, Y. & Okano, H. Translational repression determines a neuronal potential in Drosophila asymmetric cell division. Nature 411, 94–98 (2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Furmston, M. Powell-Smith & Furmston’s Building Contract Casebook. (Blackwell Publishing, 2008).
An edited book
1.
Cancer Gene Therapy. (Humana Press, 2005).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Saunthararajah, Y., Lavelle, D. & DeSimone, J. Epigenetic Regulation of Globin Genes and Disturbances in Hemoglobinopathies. in Epigenetic Therapy of Cancer: Preclinical Models and Treatment Approaches (eds. Lübbert, M. & Jones, P. A.) 89–106 (Springer, 2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Antibiotics.

Blog post
1.
Taub, B. Sign Language Produces Color Visions In People With Synaesthesia. IFLScience (2016).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Designing Evaluations: A Workbook. (1986).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ruby, C. A. Application of Coastal and Marine Ecological Classification Standard (CMECS) to Remotely Operated Vehicle (Rov) Video Data for Enhanced Geospatial Analysis of Deep Sea Environments. (Mississippi State University, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Mueller, B. & Schweber, N. Brooklyn Fire Kills 7 Children, Worst Toll in City Since 2007. New York Times A1 (2015).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Antibiotics
AbbreviationJ. Antibiot. (Tokyo)
ISSN (print)0021-8820
ISSN (online)1881-1469
ScopeDrug Discovery
Pharmacology

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