How to format your references using the The Journal for Nurse Practitioners citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal for Nurse Practitioners. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Robert F. Isotope geochemistry. The origin of water on earth. Science. 2001;293(5532):1056-1058.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ellegren H, Sheldon BC. Genetic basis of fitness differences in natural populations. Nature. 2008;452(7184):169-175.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Prytkova TR, Kurnikov IV, Beratan DN. Coupling coherence distinguishes structure sensitivity in protein electron transfer. Science. 2007;315(5812):622-625.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Reddien PW, Oviedo NJ, Jennings JR, Jenkin JC, Sánchez Alvarado A. SMEDWI-2 is a PIWI-like protein that regulates planarian stem cells. Science. 2005;310(5752):1327-1330.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Maidl B, Herrenknecht M, Maidl U, Wehrmeyer G. Mechanised Shield Tunnelling. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Ortegón Gallego F, Redondo Neble MV, Rodríguez Galván JR, eds. Trends in Differential Equations and Applications. Vol 8. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Law GR, Baxter PD, Gilthorpe MS. Selection Bias in Epidemiologic Studies. In: Tu Y-K, Greenwood DC, eds. Modern Methods for Epidemiology. Springer Netherlands; 2012:57-71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal for Nurse Practitioners.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. New Observations Nearly Double The Number Of Ancient Quasars Known. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: FCC Should Assess the Design of the E-Rate Program’s Internal Control Structure. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Topdemir CM. School counselor accountability practices: A national study. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Pilon M. Dog’s Death After Westminster Has Handler Suspecting It Wasn’t an Accident. New York Times. February 28, 2013:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal for Nurse Practitioners
AbbreviationJ. Nurse Pract.
ISSN (print)1555-4155
ScopeFundamentals and skills
LPN and LVN

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