How to format your references using the Veterinary Record citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Record. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
MORELL, V. (2014) When the bat sings. Science (New York, N.Y.) 344, 1334–1337.
A journal article with 2 authors
MUKHOPADHYAY, D. and RIEZMAN, H. (2007) Proteasome-independent functions of ubiquitin in endocytosis and signaling. Science (New York, N.Y.) 315, 201–205.
A journal article with 3 authors
NARANJO, B., GIMZEWSKI, J.K. and PUTTERMAN, S. (2005) Observation of nuclear fusion driven by a pyroelectric crystal. Nature 434, 1115–1117.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
CHIEN, P., DEPACE, A.H., COLLINS, S.R. and WEISSMAN, J.S. (2003) Generation of prion transmission barriers by mutational control of amyloid conformations. Nature 424, 948–951.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MASSOTTE, P. and CORSI, P. (2017) Smart Decisions in Complex Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
HAMEURLAIN, A., KÜNG, J. and WAGNER, R., eds (2014) Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems XIII. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
ROVIRA-ESTEVA, M., PARDO, L.C., TAMARIT, J.L.L. and BERMEJO, F.J. (2010) Neutron Diffraction as a Tool to Explore the Free Energy Landscape in Orientationally Disordered Phases. In Metastable Systems under Pressure. Eds S. Rzoska, A. Drozd-Rzoska and V. Mazur. Springer Netherlands. pp 63–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Record.

Blog post
ANDREW, E. (2015) The Fate Of The Universe: Heat Death, Big Rip Or Cosmic Consciousness? Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (2017) Immigration Benefits System: Significant Risks in USCIS’s Efforts to Develop its Adjudication and Case Management System. GAO-17-486T. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
COLLINS, J.W. (2015) An Examination of Chronic Absenteeism as Related to Performance on End-of-Year Missouri State Assessments.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
KELLY, C. (2012) Reshooting J. R., This Time on Home Territory. New York Times, A22A.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morell 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Mukhopadhyay and Riezman 2007; Morell 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mukhopadhyay and Riezman 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Chien and others 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Record
AbbreviationVet. Rec.
ISSN (print)2042-7670
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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