How to format your references using the Veterinary Record citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Record. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
KINTISCH, E. (2015) The science of schmoozing. Science (New York, N.Y.) 347, 798.
A journal article with 2 authors
MACKELPRANG, R. and RUBIN, E.M. (2008) Paleontology. New tricks with old bones. Science (New York, N.Y.) 321, 211–212.
A journal article with 3 authors
WAGNER, P.J., KOSNIK, M.A. and LIDGARD, S. (2006) Abundance distributions imply elevated complexity of post-Paleozoic marine ecosystems. Science (New York, N.Y.) 314, 1289–1292.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
PANDIT, P.S., BUNN, D.A., PANDE, S.A. and ALY, S.S. (2013) Modeling highly pathogenic avian influenza transmission in wild birds and poultry in West Bengal, India. Scientific reports 3, 2175.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
BALMORI, D. (2014) Drawing and Reinventing Landscape. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
HAWKSWORTH, D.L. and BULL, A.T., eds (2008) Biodiversity and Conservation in Europe. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
NAJNUDEL, J., STROOCK, D. and YOR, M. (2012) On a Flow of Transformations of a Wiener Space. In Stochastic Analysis and Related Topics: In Honour of Ali Süleyman Üstünel, Paris, June 2010. Eds L. Decreusefond and J. Najim. Springer. pp 119–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Record.

Blog post
HALE, T. (2015) The Insane Moment A Hippo Tried To Attack A Boat Tour. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (2000) Essential Air Service: Changes in Passenger Traffic, Subsidy Levels, and Air Carrier Costs. T-RCED-00-185. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
KOLLER, R.J. (2014) The nonlinear relationship of individual commitment to organizational change and behavioral support.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
WILLIAMS, J. (2017) Celebrating Two Centuries of Thoreau. New York Times, BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kintisch 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Mackelprang and Rubin 2008; Kintisch 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mackelprang and Rubin 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Pandit and others 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Record
AbbreviationVet. Rec.
ISSN (print)2042-7670
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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