How to format your references using the Veterinary Record citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Record. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
VENTER, J.C. (2010) Multiple personal genomes await. Nature 464, 676–677.
A journal article with 2 authors
WANG, D. and FERNANDEZ-MARTINEZ, A. (2012) Materials science. Order from disorder. Science (New York, N.Y.) 337, 812–813.
A journal article with 3 authors
VENDRASCO, M.J., WOOD, T.E. and RUNNEGAR, B.N. (2004) Articulated Palaeozoic fossil with 17 plates greatly expands disparity of early chitons. Nature 429, 288–291.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
SEFTON, L., TIMMER, J.R., ZHANG, Y., BÉRANGER, F. and CLINE, T.W. (2000) An extracellular activator of the Drosophila JAK/STAT pathway is a sex-determination signal element. Nature 405, 970–973.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
NASR, V.G. and DINARDO, J.A. (2017) The Pediatric Cardiac Anesthesia Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
GOLDREICH, O., ROSENBERG, A.L. and SELMAN, A.L., eds (2006) Theoretical Computer Science: Essays in Memory of Shimon Even. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
BAL, C. and FLECK, N. (2016) Connected Stadium: A Pillar for Football Clubs’ Marketing Development? In Making a Difference Through Marketing: A Quest for Diverse Perspectives. Eds C. Plewa and J. Conduit. Springer. pp 43–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Record.

Blog post
DAVIS, J. (2016) Zuckerberg And Chan Announce Plan To Tackle All Diseases Within A Century. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (1998) Environmental Protection: EPA’s Science and Technology Funds. RCED-99-12. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’CONNELL, A.M. (2008) Customer retention and leadership in the nonprofit healthcare organization.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
BRANTLEY, B. (2017) Pain, Protest and Resistance. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Venter 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Venter 2010; Wang and Fernandez-Martinez 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Fernandez-Martinez 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Sefton and others 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Record
AbbreviationVet. Rec.
ISSN (print)2042-7670
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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