How to format your references using the Veterinary Record citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Record. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DE LANGE, T. (2009) How telomeres solve the end-protection problem. Science (New York, N.Y.) 326, 948–952.
A journal article with 2 authors
GLEICH, B. and WEIZENECKER, J. (2005) Tomographic imaging using the nonlinear response of magnetic particles. Nature 435, 1214–1217.
A journal article with 3 authors
COULSON, T., LINDSTRÖM, J. and COTGREAVE, P. (2002) Ecology. Seeking new recruits. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295, 2023–2024.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
LINDROTH, A.M., CAO, X., JACKSON, J.P., ZILBERMAN, D., MCCALLUM, C.M., HENIKOFF, S. and JACOBSEN, S.E. (2001) Requirement of CHROMOMETHYLASE3 for maintenance of CpXpG methylation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 292, 2077–2080.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
GIRMSCHEID, G. (2013) Bauprozesse und Bauverfahren des Tunnelbaus. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
VARMA, A. and OELMÜLLER, R., eds (2007) Advanced Techniques in Soil Microbiology. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
FISCHER, J. (2010) Nothing to Talk About. In Homo Novus – A Human Without Illusions. Eds U.J. Frey, C. Störmer and K.P. Willführ. Springer. pp 35–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Record.

Blog post
LUNTZ, S. (2016) Sea Sponges Show The Way To Cancer Treatment With Fewer Side-Effects. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (2010) Telecommunications: Enhanced Data Collection Could Help FCC Better Monitor Competition in the Wireless Industry. GAO-10-779. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DACZO, Z. (2012) Wage inequality and the gender wage gap: Are American women swimming upstream?

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GREENHOUSE, L. (2007) Trying to Decipher the Justices on the Current State of the Death Penalty. New York Times, A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Lange 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Gleich and Weizenecker 2005; de Lange 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gleich and Weizenecker 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Lindroth and others 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Record
AbbreviationVet. Rec.
ISSN (print)2042-7670
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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