How to format your references using the Veterinary Record citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Record. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
RAVALLION, M. (2014) Income inequality in the developing world. Science (New York, N.Y.) 344, 851–855.
A journal article with 2 authors
CONSTANTINOPLE, C.M. and BRUNO, R.M. (2013) Deep cortical layers are activated directly by thalamus. Science (New York, N.Y.) 340, 1591–1594.
A journal article with 3 authors
BETSCHINGER, J., MECHTLER, K. and KNOBLICH, J.A. (2003) The Par complex directs asymmetric cell division by phosphorylating the cytoskeletal protein Lgl. Nature 422, 326–330.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
SEYMOUR, B., O’DOHERTY, J.P., DAYAN, P., KOLTZENBURG, M., JONES, A.K., DOLAN, R.J., FRISTON, K.J. and FRACKOWIAK, R.S. (2004) Temporal difference models describe higher-order learning in humans. Nature 429, 664–667.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
BAYÉS DE LUNA, A. (2011) Clinical Arrhythmology. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
YANG, G.-Z., HAWKES, D., RUECKERT, D., NOBLE, A. and TAYLOR, C., eds (2009) Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2009: 12th International Conference, London, UK, September 20-24, 2009, Proceedings, Part II. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
BERNECKER, P.M. (2008) Therapeutic Approaches and Mechanisms of Drug Action. In Radiology of Osteoporosis. Ed S. Grampp. Springer. pp 53–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Record.

Blog post
ANDREW, E. (2015) These Cute Sea Slugs Are The Sheep Of The Sea. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (1990) SSA ADP Budget: Suggested Reductions to Fiscal Year 1991 Budget. IMTEC-90-82. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DRISKILL, K.M. (2010) A qualitative study of teacher understanding and use of differentiated instruction to promote reading achievement.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
HUBBARD, B. (2016) The Aerial War on Yemen’s Economy. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ravallion 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Constantinople and Bruno 2013; Ravallion 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Constantinople and Bruno 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Seymour and others 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Record
AbbreviationVet. Rec.
ISSN (print)2042-7670
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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