How to format your references using the Veterinary Record citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Record. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
EISENSTEIN, M. (2010) Diversity: Of beans and genes. Nature 468, S13-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
ENTCHEVA, E. and WILLIAMS, J.C. (2014) Channelrhodopsin2 current during the action potential: “optical AP clamp” and approximation. Scientific reports 4, 5838.
A journal article with 3 authors
FRIIS, E.M., PEDERSEN, K.R. and CRANE, P.R. (2001) Fossil evidence of water lilies (Nymphaeales) in the Early Cretaceous. Nature 410, 357–360.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
GERMANO, G., LAMBA, S., ROSPO, G., BARAULT, L., MAGRÌ, A., MAIONE, F., RUSSO, M., CRISAFULLI, G., BARTOLINI, A., LERDA, G., SIRAVEGNA, G., MUSSOLIN, B., FRAPOLLI, R., MONTONE, M., MORANO, F., DE BRAUD, F., AMIROUCHENE-ANGELOZZI, N., MARSONI, S., D’INCALCI, M., ORLANDI, A., GIRAUDO, E., SARTORE-BIANCHI, A., SIENA, S., PIETRANTONIO, F., DI NICOLANTONIO, F. and BARDELLI, A. (2017) Inactivation of DNA repair triggers neoantigen generation and impairs tumour growth. Nature 552, 116–120.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
HESSEL, V., LÖWE, H., MÜLLER, A. and KOLB, G. (2005) Chemical Micro Process Engineering. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
CAIRES, L., ITALIANO, G.F., MONTEIRO, L., PALAMIDESSI, C. and YUNG, M., eds (2005) Automata, Languages and Programming: 32nd International Colloquium, ICALP 2005, Lisbon, Portugal, July 11-15, 2005. Proceedings. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
ZHONG, J. and DOU, N.-N. (2016) A Novel Hypothesis on the Mechanism of Hemifacial Spasm. In Microvascular Decompression Surgery. Eds S.-T. Li, J. Zhong and R.F. Sekula Jr. Springer Netherlands. pp 51–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Record.

Blog post
ANDREW, E. (2015) Why Everyone Should Embrace Their Inner Sloth. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (1994) Federal Motor Vehicles: Private and State Practices Can Improve Fleet Management. GGD-95-18. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
ALLA, B. (2017) Wellbore Stability Analysis of Sanish Field using 3-D Finite Element Model: Bakken Case Study.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
STEWART, J.B. (2017) Case Study in Chaos: Management Experts Grade a Trump White House. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein 2010; Entcheva and Williams 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Entcheva and Williams 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Germano and others 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Record
AbbreviationVet. Rec.
ISSN (print)2042-7670
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

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