How to format your references using the Interdisciplinary Sciences: Computational Life Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Interdisciplinary Sciences: Computational Life Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewis SL (2014) Scientist-versus-activist debates mislead the public. Nature 506:409
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaspi Y, Schneider T (2011) Winter cold of eastern continental boundaries induced by warm ocean waters. Nature 471:621–624
A journal article with 3 authors
Kennedy M, Mrofka D, von der Borch C (2008) Snowball Earth termination by destabilization of equatorial permafrost methane clathrate. Nature 453:642–645
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mura A, Adriani A, Connerney JEP, et al (2018) Juno observations of spot structures and a split tail in Io-induced aurorae on Jupiter. Science 361:774–777

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Haginomori E, Koshiduka T, Arai J, Ikeda H (2016) Power System Transient Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Busby JT, Ilevbare G, Andresen PL (2016) Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems — Water Reactors. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Melián-Batista B, Moreno-Vega JM, Vaswani N, Yumar R (2009) A Nature Inspired Approach for the Uncapacitated Plant Cycle Location Problem. In: Krasnogor N, Melián-Batista MB, Pérez JAM, et al (eds) Nature Inspired Cooperative Strategies for Optimization (NICSO 2008). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 49–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Interdisciplinary Sciences: Computational Life Sciences.

Blog post
Carpineti C (2017) The Extent Of Winter Ice At The Poles In 2017 Is Deeply Disturbing. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) Procurement Equipment for New York Postal Data Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCorkle WB (2005) Tongue, Nib, Block, Bit: Rhetorical Delivery and Technologies of Writing. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Carlson L (2012) First the Proposal, Then Remodeling. New York Times ST6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInterdisciplinary Sciences: Computational Life Sciences
AbbreviationInterdiscip. Sci.
ISSN (print)1913-2751
ISSN (online)1867-1462
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Computer Science Applications
Health Informatics

Other styles