How to format your references using the The Irish Journal of Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Irish Journal of Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hu, W. (2000). Ringing in the new cosmology. Nature, 404(6781), 939–940.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yu, W. J., & Duan, X. (2013). Tunable transport gap in narrow bilayer graphene nanoribbons. Scientific Reports, 3, 1248.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bouvier, F., Dogbo, O., & Camara, B. (2003). Biosynthesis of the food and cosmetic plant pigment bixin (annatto). Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5628), 2089–2091.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
von Mering, C., Hugenholtz, P., Raes, J., Tringe, S. G., Doerks, T., Jensen, L. J., Ward, N., & Bork, P. (2007). Quantitative phylogenetic assessment of microbial communities in diverse environments. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5815), 1126–1130.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flood, J. M. (2014). Wiley Gaap 2015. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Shaw, R., & Izumi, T. (Eds.). (2014). Civil Society Organization and Disaster Risk Reduction: The Asian Dilemma. Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Broere, F., Berlo, S. E., Guichelaar, T., Wieten, L., Van Der Zee, R., & Van Eden, W. (2010). HSP Reactive T Cells are Anti-Inflammatory and Disease Suppressive in Arthritic Diseases. In A. A. A. Asea & B. K. Pedersen (Eds.), Heat Shock Proteins and Whole Body Physiology (pp. 85–101). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Irish Journal of Psychology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, August 28). Trawling Below 600 Meters Hurts Both Biodiversity And Catch Values. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Air Pollution: FAA’s Reliance on Manufacturers for Jet Engine Emission Testing (RCED-94-99). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ji, J. H. (2010). Near-field characteristics of wall jets with tabs [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013, July 4). On Tulsa’s Long-Shot Olympic Pitch, Mayor and Others Say Never Mind. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hu, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hu, 2000; Yu & Duan, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yu & Duan, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Bouvier et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (von Mering et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Irish Journal of Psychology
AbbreviationIr. J. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0303-3910
ISSN (online)2158-0812
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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