How to format your references using the The Irish Journal of Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Irish Journal of Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crim, F. F. (2007). Chemistry. Making energy count. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5832), 1707–1708.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tomita, K., & Weiner, A. M. (2001). Collaboration between CC- and A-adding enzymes to build and repair the 3’-terminal CCA of tRNA in Aquifex aeolicus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5545), 1334–1336.
A journal article with 3 authors
Butler, M. A., Sawyer, S. A., & Losos, J. B. (2007). Sexual dimorphism and adaptive radiation in Anolis lizards. Nature, 447(7141), 202–205.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mall, A., Sobotta, J., Huber, C., Tschirner, C., Kowarschik, S., Bačnik, K., Mergelsberg, M., Boll, M., Hügler, M., Eisenreich, W., & Berg, I. A. (2018). Reversibility of citrate synthase allows autotrophic growth of a thermophilic bacterium. Science (New York, N.Y.), 359(6375), 563–567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Summerhayes, S. D. (2016). CDM Regulations 2015 Procedures Manual. John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Delcour, A. H. (Ed.). (2015). Electrophysiology of Unconventional Channels and Pores (1st ed. 2015, Vol. 18). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ding, D., & Zhu, G. (2015). A Simulated Annealing Algorithm for SVP Challenge Through y-Sparse Representations of Short Lattice Vectors. In M. Yung, L. Zhu, & Y. Yang (Eds.), Trusted Systems: 6th International Conference, INTRUST 2014, Beijing, China, December 16-17, 2014, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 51–69). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Irish Journal of Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 4). There’s An Elephant In The Room. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Interdepartment Radio Advisory Committee: IRAC Representatives Effectively Coordinate Federal Spectrum but Lack Seniority to Advise on Contentious Policy Issues (GAO-04-1028). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buchigari, S. R. (2010). A tool to automate the process of Unit testing of webapplications (Criterion V1.0) [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith, M., Davey, M., & Blinder, A. (2016, February 21). Random Shots on a Deadly Night for Kalamazoo. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crim, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Crim, 2007; Tomita & Weiner, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tomita & Weiner, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Butler et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mall et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Irish Journal of Psychology
AbbreviationIr. J. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0303-3910
ISSN (online)2158-0812
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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