How to format your references using the The Irish Journal of Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Irish Journal of Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Toms, D. J. (2010). Quantum gravitational contributions to quantum electrodynamics. Nature, 468(7320), 56–59.
A journal article with 2 authors
England, P. C., & Katz, R. F. (2010). Melting above the anhydrous solidus controls the location of volcanic arcs. Nature, 467(7316), 700–703.
A journal article with 3 authors
Polikanov, Y. S., Blaha, G. M., & Steitz, T. A. (2012). How hibernation factors RMF, HPF, and YfiA turn off protein synthesis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6083), 915–918.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Montzka, S. A., Dutton, G. S., Yu, P., Ray, E., Portmann, R. W., Daniel, J. S., … Elkins, J. W. (2018). An unexpected and persistent increase in global emissions of ozone-depleting CFC-11. Nature, 557(7705), 413–417.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Möller, G. (2013). Geotechnik. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Hu, B., Morasch, K., Pickl, S., & Siegle, M. (Eds.). (2011). Operations Research Proceedings 2010: Selected Papers of the Annual International Conference of the German Operations Research Society. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Beyleveld, D., & Pattinson, S. D. (2005). Individual Rights, Social Justice, and the Allocation of Advances in Biotechnology. In M. Boylan (Ed.), Public Health Policy and Ethics (pp. 59–72). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Irish Journal of Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 18). Diet Drinks Linked To Expanding Waistlines In Older Adults. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Digital Television Transition: Issues Related to an Information Campaign Regarding the Transition (No. GAO-05-940R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dinneny, P. N. (2017). End of August (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J., Shear, M. D., & Paulson, M. (2014, August 14). New Tack on Unrest Eases Tension in Missouri. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kramer, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2015; Lin, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (England & Katz, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Polikanov, Blaha, & Steitz, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Barnes et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Irish Journal of Psychology
AbbreviationIr. J. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0303-3910
ISSN (online)2158-0812
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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