How to format your references using the The Irish Journal of Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Irish Journal of Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gravitz, L. (2014). Liver cancer. Nature, 516(7529), S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schlein, Y., & Jacobson, R. L. (2001). Hunger tolerance and Leishmania in sandflies. Nature, 414(6860), 168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harrington, J., Palethorpe, S., & Watson, C. I. (2000). Does the Queen speak the Queen’s English? Nature, 408(6815), 927–928.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Holtzman, B. K., Kohlstedt, D. L., Zimmerman, M. E., Heidelbach, F., Hiraga, T., & Hustoft, J. (2003). Melt segregation and strain partitioning: implications for seismic anisotropy and mantle flow. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5637), 1227–1230.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bittner, M. (2014). Temporality: Universals and Variation. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Romanowska, J. (2016). Developing Leadership and Employee Health Through the Arts: Improving Leader-Employee Relationships. (A. Nyberg & T. Theorell, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Abo, M., & Kakuda, W. (2015). rTMS for Poststroke Dysphagia. In W. Kakuda (Ed.), Rehabilitation with rTMS (pp. 89–108). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Irish Journal of Psychology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, July 28). Experimental Treatment Reverses Behavioral Symptoms Of Rett Syndrome In Mice. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Department of Energy: Procedures Lacking to Protect Computerized Data (No. AIMD-95-118). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clement, T. E. (2009). The makings of digital modernism: Rereading Gertrude Stein’s “The Making of Americans” and poetry by Elsa von Freytag -Loringhoven (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B. (2016, December 8). Fossil Fuel Stocks Divide a Village. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gravitz, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gravitz, 2014; Schlein & Jacobson, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schlein & Jacobson, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Harrington, Palethorpe, & Watson, 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Holtzman et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Irish Journal of Psychology
AbbreviationIr. J. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0303-3910
ISSN (online)2158-0812
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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