How to format your references using the The Irish Journal of Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Irish Journal of Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sibum, H. O. (2004). Beyond the ivory tower. What kind of science is experimental physics? Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5693), 60–61.
A journal article with 2 authors
Von Hippel, D., & Hayes, P. (2007). International security. Energy security for North Korea. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5829), 1288–1289.
A journal article with 3 authors
Abel, T., Bryan, G. L., & Norman, M. L. (2002). The formation of the first star in the Universe. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5552), 93–98.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Klier, E. M., Wang, H., Constantin, A. G., & Crawford, J. D. (2002). Midbrain control of three-dimensional head orientation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5558), 1314–1316.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robertson, B., Vignaux, G. A., & Berger, C. E. H. (2016). Interpreting Evidence. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kamrani, A. K., & Nasr, E. S. A. (Eds.). (2008). Collaborative Engineering: Theory and Practice. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Shavitt, Y., & Zilberman, N. (2013). Internet PoP Level Maps. In E. Biersack, C. Callegari, & M. Matijasevic (Eds.), Data Traffic Monitoring and Analysis: From Measurement, Classification, and Anomaly Detection to Quality of Experience (pp. 82–103). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Irish Journal of Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 17). John Oliver Hilariously Interviews Stephen Hawking. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Motor Vehicle Safety: Comprehensive State Programs Offer Best Opportunity for Increasing Use of Safety Belts (RCED-96-24). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Long, K. E. (2009). Voluntary exiles: Short-term Western expatriates in three Chinese cities [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, January 6). Justices to Consider Impact of Mental Illness on Death Penalty. New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sibum, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Sibum, 2004; Von Hippel & Hayes, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Von Hippel & Hayes, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Abel et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Klier et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Irish Journal of Psychology
AbbreviationIr. J. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0303-3910
ISSN (online)2158-0812
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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