How to format your references using the The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Elshakry M. Global Darwin: Eastern enchantment. Nature. 2009 Oct 29;461(7268):1200–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Veldhoen M, Withers DR. Immunology. Innate lymphoid cell relations. Science. 2010 Oct 29;330(6004):594–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bowman D, King G, Tapponnier P. Slip partitioning by elastoplastic propagation of oblique slip at depth. Science. 2003 May 16;300(5622):1121–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Acosta IF, Laparra H, Romero SP, Schmelz E, Hamberg M, Mottinger JP, et al. tasselseed1 is a lipoxygenase affecting jasmonic acid signaling in sex determination of maize. Science. 2009 Jan 9;323(5911):262–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Schwedt G. Experimente rund um die Kunststoffe des Alltags. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Pavese F, Forbes AB, editors. Data Modeling for Metrology and Testing in Measurement Science. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2009. XVIII, 486 p. 111 illus. (Modeling and Simulation in Science, Engineering and Technology).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fisher KA, Raquet JF, Pachter M. Cooperative Estimation Algorithms Using TDOA Measurements. In: Grundel D, Murphey R, Pardalos P, Prokopyev O, editors. Cooperative Systems: Control and Optimization. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 57–66. (Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Study Suggests Dark Matter Could Have Contributed To Mass Extinctions On Earth [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/study-suggests-dark-matter-could-have-contributed-mass-extinctions-earth/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Approaches to Mitigate Freight Congestion. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Nov. Report No.: GAO-09-163R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Warfield BS. Speaking of the Self: Theorizing the Dialogical Dimensions of Ethical Agency [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Billard M. His Mission: Beat Swords Into Baubles. New York Times. 2013 Jul 4;E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Psychiatry Med.
ISSN (print)0091-2174
ISSN (online)1541-3527
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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