How to format your references using the The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Korte M. Neuroscience. A protoplasmic kiss to remember. Science. 2008 Mar 21;319(5870):1627–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tikhonov VI, Volkov AA. Separation of water into its ortho and para isomers. Science. 2002 Jun 28;296(5577):2363.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bryk R, Griffin P, Nathan C. Peroxynitrite reductase activity of bacterial peroxiredoxins. Nature. 2000 Sep 14;407(6801):211–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Klein T, Joumard I, Blanchard S, Marcus J, Cubitt R, Giamarchi T, et al. A Bragg glass phase in the vortex lattice of a type II superconductor. Nature. 2001 Sep 27;413(6854):404–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hull B. Manufacturing Best Practices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Dyer LA, Forister ML, editors. The Lives of Lepidopterists. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XIX, 273 p. 116 illus., 98 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Qu Z, Wang J, Hull RA. Multi-Objective Cooperative Control of Dynamical Systems. In: Parker LE, Schneider FE, Schultz AC, editors. Multi-Robot Systems From Swarms to Intelligent Automata Volume III: Proceedings from the 2005 International Workshop on Multi-Robot Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. p. 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine.

Blog post
Hale T. “Scarface,” The Beloved Bear Of Yellowstone Park, Has Been Killed. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Department of Transportation: Enhancing Policy and Program Effectiveness Through Improved Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 Jul. Report No.: RCED-87-3S.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pryor GL. Effects of a balance-specific exercise program on blood pressure medication usage [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times. 2016 Nov 4;MM26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Psychiatry Med.
ISSN (print)0091-2174
ISSN (online)1541-3527
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

Other styles