How to format your references using the The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kubas GJ. Chemistry. Breaking the H2 marriage and reuniting the couple. Science. 2006 Nov 17;314(5802):1096–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Win MN, Smolke CD. Higher-order cellular information processing with synthetic RNA devices. Science. 2008 Oct 17;322(5900):456–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schubert G, Russell CT, Moore WB. Timing of the Martian dynamo. Nature. 2000 Dec 7;408(6813):666–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang Y, Maharana S, Wang MD, Shivashankar GV. Super-resolution microscopy reveals decondensed chromatin structure at transcription sites. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 26;4:4477.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crichton RR, Ward RJ. Metal-based Neurodegeneration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Alagumalai S. Excellence in Scholarship: Transcending Transdisciplinarity in Teacher Education. Burley S, Keeves JP, editors. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2013. XX, 282 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Morrison EE. The APC-EB1 Interaction. In: Näthke IS, McCartney BM, editors. APC Proteins. New York, NY: Springer; 2009. p. 41–50. (Back N, Cohen IR, Lajtha A, Lambris JD, Paoletti R, editors. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine.

Blog post
Davis J. Bonobo “Speech” Is Similar To Human Baby Talk [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Software Capability Evaluation: VA’s Software Development Process Is Immature. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Jun. Report No.: AIMD-96-90.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roediger E. Relaxation Skills Training for Elementary Aged Children [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg M, Risen J. Trump’s Intelligence Nominee Gets an Early Lesson in Managing the White House. New York Times. 2017 Mar 10;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Psychiatry Med.
ISSN (print)0091-2174
ISSN (online)1541-3527
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

Other styles