How to format your references using the The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glabe C. Biomedicine. Avoiding collateral damage in Alzheimer’s disease treatment. Science. 2006 Oct 27;314(5799):602–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reches Z, Lockner DA. Fault weakening and earthquake instability by powder lubrication. Nature. 2010 Sep 23;467(7314):452–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meierbachtol T, Harper J, Humphrey N. Basal drainage system response to increasing surface melt on the Greenland ice sheet. Science. 2013 Aug 16;341(6147):777–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Coumailleau F, Fürthauer M, Knoblich JA, González-Gaitán M. Directional Delta and Notch trafficking in Sara endosomes during asymmetric cell division. Nature. 2009 Apr 23;458(7241):1051–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Helvoort H. Next Generation SDH/SONET. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Paul A. Thermodynamics, Diffusion and the Kirkendall Effect in Solids. Laurila T, Vuorinen V, Divinski SV, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XVIII, 530 p. 314 illus., 126 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang S, Lv F. Biomacromolecule Delivery System Based on Functionalized Conjugated Polyelectrolytes. In: Lv F, editor. Functionalized Conjugated Polyelectrolytes: Design and Biomedical Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 57–63. (SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine.

Blog post
Hamilton K. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017. How Old Is Our Moon?


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Improving the Acquisition of Computer Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972 Jan. Report No.: B-164031(4).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Proser M. Ingredients for Optimal Care: Exploring Factors Associated with Patient Quality Outcomes among Federally-Qualified Health Centers [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. Parade’s End. New York Times. 2016 Aug 14;BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Psychiatry Med.
ISSN (print)0091-2174
ISSN (online)1541-3527
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

Other styles