How to format your references using the The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Krull W. Hubert Markl (1938-2015). Nature. 2015 Feb 12;518(7538):168.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Drakesmith H, Prentice AM. Hepcidin and the iron-infection axis. Science. 2012 Nov 9;338(6108):768–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Callier V, Clack JA, Ahlberg PE. Contrasting developmental trajectories in the earliest known tetrapod forelimbs. Science. 2009 Apr 17;324(5925):364–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
McDaniel L, Houchin LA, Williamson SJ, Paul JH. Lysogeny in marine Synechococcus. Nature. 2002 Jan 31;415(6871):496.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Raju KSN. Fluid Mechanics, Heat Transfer, and Mass Transfer. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Qadeer S, Tasiran S, editors. Runtime Verification: Third International Conference, RV 2012, Istanbul, Turkey, September 25-28, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. XII, 322 p. 93 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 7687).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Dingsøyr T. Strategies and Approaches for Managing Architectural Knowledge. In: Ali Babar M, Dingsøyr T, Lago P, van Vliet H, editors. Software Architecture Knowledge Management: Theory and Practice. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 59–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Neil deGrasse Tyson Annihilates Anti-GMO Argument [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/neil-degrasse-tyson-annihilates-anti-gmo-argument/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Customs Service Modernization: ACE Poses Risks and Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 May. Report No.: T-AIMD-97-96.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
John SP. Drying without Dying: The Resurrection Fern Pleopeltis polypodioides [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Mets May Start Spring With Outfield As Is. New York Times. 2017 Jan 13;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Psychiatry Med.
ISSN (print)0091-2174
ISSN (online)1541-3527
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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