How to format your references using the The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lu HP. Biochemistry. Enzymes in coherent motion. Science. 2012 Jan 20;335(6066):300–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schafer RJ, Moore T. Selective attention from voluntary control of neurons in prefrontal cortex. Science. 2011 Jun 24;332(6037):1568–71.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bleichert F, Botchan MR, Berger JM. Crystal structure of the eukaryotic origin recognition complex. Nature. 2015 Mar 19;519(7543):321–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Satoh-Nagasawa N, Nagasawa N, Malcomber S, Sakai H, Jackson D. A trehalose metabolic enzyme controls inflorescence architecture in maize. Nature. 2006 May 11;441(7090):227–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davies D. Philosophy of the Performing Arts. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Hendricks VF. Infostorms: Why do we “like”? Explaining individual behavior on the social net. 2nd ed. 2016. Hansen PG, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XXIII, 306 p. 8 illus., 1 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Fröhlich C. Solar Irradiance Variability Since 1978. In: Calisesi Y, Bonnet RM, Gray L, Langen J, Lockwood M, editors. Solar Variability and Planetary Climates. New York, NY: Springer; 2007. p. 53–65. (Space Sciences Series of ISSI).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine.

Blog post
Luntz S. Folk Contraceptive “Thunder God Vine” Contains Chemicals That Really Prevent Conception. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Amtrak: Issues for Reauthorization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Mar. Report No.: T-RCED-95-132.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Iwuagwu CI. Preventing the Spread of HIV Among Homeless Youth in California [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gregory Mankiw N, Summers LH. Uniting Behind a Divisive Health Tax. New York Times. 2015 Oct 24;BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
AbbreviationInt. J. Psychiatry Med.
ISSN (print)0091-2174
ISSN (online)1541-3527
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

Other styles