How to format your references using the The Indian Journal of Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Indian Journal of Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Vastag B. Assembly work. Nature. 2008;453:422–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Cameron R, Schüssler M. Solar physics. The crucial role of surface magnetic fields for the solar dynamo. Science. 2015;347:1333–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Zhang Z, Huang X, Lu H. Association between red blood cell transfusion and bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4340.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Pilot F, Philippe J-M, Lemmers C, Lecuit T. Spatial control of actin organization at adherens junctions by a synaptotagmin-like protein Btsz. Nature. 2006;442:580–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. McGeough JA. The Engineering of Human Joint Replacements. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Sampaolesi R. The Glaucomas: Volume II - Open Angle Glaucoma and Angle Closure Glaucoma. Sampaolesi JR, Zárate J, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Scott J, Stoeckli E. Skin And Environment. In: Scott J, Stoeckli E, editors. Neuromedia: Art and Neuroscience Research. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 117–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Indian Journal of Pediatrics.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Tortoises Racing to Use Touchscreens [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/tortoises-racing-use-touchscreens/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Direct Student Loans: Legality of Regulations Authorizing Origination Fee Reduction. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Sep. Report No.: B-283717.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Pappa DM. A Study of Various Process Factors in the Scale Up of a High Shear Granulated Product [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2002.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Belson K, Pilon M. Technology Firm From India Will Be New York Marathon Title Sponsor. New York Times. 2013 Oct 3;B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Indian Journal of Pediatrics
AbbreviationIndian J. Pediatr.
ISSN (print)0019-5456
ISSN (online)0973-7693
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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