How to format your references using the The Indian Journal of Neurotrauma citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Indian Journal of Neurotrauma. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shelly DR. Migrating tremors illuminate complex deformation beneath the seismogenic San Andreas fault. Nature. 2010;463(7281):648-652.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stebbins CE, Galán JE. Structural mimicry in bacterial virulence. Nature. 2001;412(6848):701-705.
A journal article with 3 authors
Homer H, Gui L, Carroll J. A spindle assembly checkpoint protein functions in prophase I arrest and prometaphase progression. Science. 2009;326(5955):991-994.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schiano P, Provost A, Clocchiatti R, Faure F. Transcrystalline melt migration and Earth’s mantle. Science. 2006;314(5801):970-974.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Primak SL, Kontorovich V. Wireless Multi-Antenna Channels. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Wang L. Two Decades of Basic Education in Rural China: Transitions and Challenges for Development. (Lewin K, ed.). Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Roy Chowdhury A, Bhattacharya U, Parui SK. Text Detection of Two Major Indian Scripts in Natural Scene Images. In: Iwamura M, Shafait F, eds. Camera-Based Document Analysis and Recognition: 4th International Workshop, CBDAR 2011, Beijing, China, September 22, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2012:42-57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Indian Journal of Neurotrauma.

Blog post
Andrew D. You’re Probably Showering Way Too Often. IFLScience. Published January 13, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Direction Needed for Educating Handicapped Children in State Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sandoval V. Preventing chronic truancy among Latino high school students: A grant proposal. Published online 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. Stoking Classic Rock Hunger With Concerts on the Coasts. New York Times. March 29, 2017:C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Indian Journal of Neurotrauma
ISSN (print)0973-0508

Other styles