How to format your references using the The Indian Journal of Neurotrauma citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Indian Journal of Neurotrauma. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jonietz E. Designing smarter cancer prevention trials. Nature. 2011;471(7339):S20-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang G, David Lou XW. Controlled growth of NiCo₂O₄ nanorods and ultrathin nanosheets on carbon nanofibers for high-performance supercapacitors. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1470.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dillon RJ, Vennard CT, Charnley AK. Exploitation of gut bacteria in the locust. Nature. 2000;403(6772):851.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wu W-Q, Lei B-X, Rao H-S, et al. Hydrothermal fabrication of hierarchically anatase TiO2 nanowire arrays on FTO glass for dye-sensitized solar cells. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1352.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahonen TT. M-Profits. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Cortier V, Kirchner C, Okada M, Sakurada H, eds. Formal to Practical Security: Papers Issued from the 2005-2008 French-Japanese Collaboration. Vol 5458. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Lionetti FV, McCulloch AD, Baden SB. Source-to-Source Optimization of CUDA C for GPU Accelerated Cardiac Cell Modeling. In: D’Ambra P, Guarracino M, Talia D, eds. Euro-Par 2010 - Parallel Processing: 16th International Euro-Par Conference, Ischia, Italy, August 31 - September 3, 2010, Proceedings, Part I. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010:38-49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Indian Journal of Neurotrauma.

Blog post
Hale T. Baby Elephant Is Rescued From A Drain In Sri Lanka. IFLScience. Published June 2, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FCC: Interconnection and Resale Obligations Pertaining to Commercial Mobile Radio Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez Gamez LI. New perspectives on the spatial analysis of urban employment distribution and commuting patterns: The cases of Hermosillo and Ciudad Obregon, Mexico. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside K. Same High Ideals, All New Challenges. New York Times. March 25, 2015:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Indian Journal of Neurotrauma
ISSN (print)0973-0508

Other styles