How to format your references using the The Indian Journal of Neurotrauma citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Indian Journal of Neurotrauma. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Taylor G. Astrophysics: A tight duo in a trio of black holes. Nature. 2014;511(7507):35-37.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Silver PG, Holt WE. The mantle flow field beneath western North America. Science. 2002;295(5557):1054-1057.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sánchez I, Mahlke C, Yuan J. Pivotal role of oligomerization in expanded polyglutamine neurodegenerative disorders. Nature. 2003;421(6921):373-379.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Gupta RA, Shah N, Wang KC, et al. Long non-coding RNA HOTAIR reprograms chromatin state to promote cancer metastasis. Nature. 2010;464(7291):1071-1076.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Derryberry DR. Basic Data Analysis for Time Series with R. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Marcus A, ed. Design, User Experience, and Usability. Health, Learning, Playing, Cultural, and Cross-Cultural User Experience: Second International Conference, DUXU 2013, Held as Part of HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part II. Vol 8013. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Liza FF, Grześ M. Estimating the Accuracy of Spectral Learning for HMMs. In: Dichev C, Agre G, eds. Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, and Applications: 17th International Conference, AIMSA 2016, Varna, Bulgaria, September 7-10, 2016, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:46-56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Indian Journal of Neurotrauma.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Newly Described Orchid Has A Tiny Demon At Its Center. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/newly-described-orchid-has-a-tiny-demon-at-its-center/. Published July 15, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Schools And Libraries Program: Actions Taken to Improve Operational Procedures Prior to Committing Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tornes IE. Topics in the Physics of Underdamped Josephson Systems. 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Burghardt LF. The Legacies They Left. New York Times. January 1, 2006:14LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Indian Journal of Neurotrauma
ISSN (print)0973-0508
Scope

Other styles