How to format your references using the The Indian Journal of Neurotrauma citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Indian Journal of Neurotrauma. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Declercq G. Comment on “How science survived: medieval manuscripts’ ‘demography’ and classic texts’ extinction.” Science. 2005;310(5754):1618; author reply 1618.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shohat S, Shifman S. Bias towards large genes in autism. Nature. 2014;512(7512):E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang F, Chen X, Vitousek P. Chinese agriculture: An experiment for the world. Nature. 2013;497(7447):33-35.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hu X, Xu Z, Liu Z, Gao C. Liquid crystal self-templating approach to ultrastrong and tough biomimic composites. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2374.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abid MM. Spacecraft Sensors. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
Giannakopoulou D, Méry D, eds. FM 2012: Formal Methods: 18th International Symposium, Paris, France, August 27-31, 2012. Proceedings. Vol 7436. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Kalogeras N, Pennings JME, Dijk G van, van der Lans IA. The Structure of Marketing Cooperatives. In: Nilsson J, ed. Vertical Markets and Cooperative Hierarchies: The Role of Cooperatives in the Agri-Food Industry. Springer Netherlands; 2007:73-92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Indian Journal of Neurotrauma.

Blog post
Andrew E. World’s Most Powerful Deep Space Rocket Set To Launch In 2018. IFLScience. Published August 29, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. GAO Education Products. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Scaringe JG. An investigation into the faculty development practices in chiropractic education programs. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly RE. An agenda for South Korea’s new leader. New York Times. May 9, 2017:0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Indian Journal of Neurotrauma
ISSN (print)0973-0508

Other styles