How to format your references using the The Extractive Industries and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Extractive Industries and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubin, M.A., 2015. Health: Make precision medicine work for cancer care. Nature 520, 290–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hörber, J.K.H., Miles, M.J., 2003. Scanning probe evolution in biology. Science 302, 1002–1005.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fortin, N.J., Wright, S.P., Eichenbaum, H., 2004. Recollection-like memory retrieval in rats is dependent on the hippocampus. Nature 431, 188–191.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Krawczyk, M., Milkiewicz, M., Marschall, H.-U., Bartz, C., Grünhage, F., Wunsch, E., Milkiewicz, P., Lammert, F., 2014. Variant adiponutrin confers genetic protection against cholestatic itch. Sci. Rep. 4, 6374.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Loriaux, D.L., 2016. A Biographical History of Endocrinology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Fischlin, M., Coron, J.-S. (Eds.), 2016. Advances in Cryptology – EUROCRYPT 2016: 35th Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques, Vienna, Austria, May 8-12, 2016, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hayashi, E.C.S., Baranauskas, M.C.C., 2015. Designing for Affectibility: Principles and Guidelines, in: Stephanidis, C. (Ed.), HCI International 2015 - Posters’ Extended Abstracts: International Conference, HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015. Proceedings, Part I, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 25–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Extractive Industries and Society.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Cats Responsible For Driving Many Species To Extinction [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985. Contracting Out: NASA Not Complying With OMB Circular A-76 (No. NSIAD-86-15). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
An, D., 2017. Improved Flotation of Bastnaesite and Chalcopyrite (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2016. Witches of Salem Are Back; You May Be One. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rubin, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hörber and Miles, 2003; Rubin, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hörber and Miles, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Krawczyk et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Extractive Industries and Society
AbbreviationExtr. Ind. Soc.
ISSN (print)2214-790X

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