How to format your references using the The Extractive Industries and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Extractive Industries and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M., 2012. Biorepositories: Building better biobanks. Nature 486, 141–146.
A journal article with 2 authors
Joshi, N.S., Jacks, T., 2013. Immunology. Guilty by association. Science 339, 1160–1161.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bryden, H.L., Longworth, H.R., Cunningham, S.A., 2005. Slowing of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 25 degrees N. Nature 438, 655–657.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sallee, N.A., Rivera, G.M., Dueber, J.E., Vasilescu, D., Mullins, R.D., Mayer, B.J., Lim, W.A., 2008. The pathogen protein EspF(U) hijacks actin polymerization using mimicry and multivalency. Nature 454, 1005–1008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baines, P., Ferraro, J., Rogers, P., 2010. The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Eighteenth-Century Writers and Writing 1660 - 1789. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Pears, N., Liu, Y., Bunting, P. (Eds.), 2012. 3D Imaging, Analysis and Applications. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Renwick, R., 2016. Rarely Seen, Seldom Heard: People with Intellectual Disabilities in the Mass Media, in: Scior, K., Werner, S. (Eds.), Intellectual Disability and Stigma: Stepping Out from the Margins. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Extractive Industries and Society.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Rare Albino Tapir Spotted In Brazilian Rainforest [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Index Digest of the Published Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Volumes 66-70, September 1991 (No. 156871). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prophete, K.S., 2013. How race, gender, and Pell status affect the persistence and degree attainment rates of dual enrollment students (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Minder, R., Callimachi, R., 2017. Officials Hunting for a Moroccan Man in the Barcelona Attack Investigation. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2012; Joshi and Jacks, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Joshi and Jacks, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Sallee et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Extractive Industries and Society
AbbreviationExtr. Ind. Soc.
ISSN (print)2214-790X

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