How to format your references using the The Extractive Industries and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Extractive Industries and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx, V., 2015. The DNA of a nation. Nature 524, 503–505.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vlaminck, V., Bailleul, M., 2008. Current-induced spin-wave Doppler shift. Science 322, 410–413.
A journal article with 3 authors
Strauss, S.H., Costanza, A., Séguin, A., 2015. BIOTECHNOLOGY. Genetically engineered trees: Paralysis from good intentions. Science 349, 794–795.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hayashi, K., Matsuishi, S., Kamiya, T., Hirano, M., Hosono, H., 2002. Light-induced conversion of an insulating refractory oxide into a persistent electronic conductor. Nature 419, 462–465.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boxer, H., 2014. Profitable Day and Swing Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chabot, J., 2016. Mass Media and the Genocide of the Armenians: One Hundred Years of Uncertain Representation, Palgrave Studies in the History of Genocide. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Mucherino, A., Papajorgji, P.J., Pardalos, P.M., 2009. Artificial Neural Networks, in: Papajorgji, P.J., Pardalos, P.M. (Eds.), Data Mining in Agriculture, Springer Optimization and Its Applications. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 107–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Extractive Industries and Society.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Multivitamins are a waste of money for healthy people, according to physicians [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Small Business Administration: Planning for Loan Monitoring System Has Many Positive Features But Still Carries Implementation Challenges (No. T-AIMD-98-233). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vail, A.S., 2012. The gift of noetic image: Spontaneous imagery and psychological well-being in women with breast cancer (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Almosawa, S., Hubbard, B., 2016. Saudi-Led Airstrikes Blamed for Massacre of Scores of Yemeni Mourners. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marx, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Marx, 2015; Vlaminck and Bailleul, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vlaminck and Bailleul, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Hayashi et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Extractive Industries and Society
AbbreviationExtr. Ind. Soc.
ISSN (print)2214-790X

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