How to format your references using the Nature Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gingeras, T. R. Implications of chimaeric non-co-linear transcripts. Nature 461, 206–211 (2009).
A journal article with 2 authors
King, C.-Y. & Diaz-Avalos, R. Protein-only transmission of three yeast prion strains. Nature 428, 319–323 (2004).
A journal article with 3 authors
Teng, F.-Z., Dauphas, N. & Helz, R. T. Iron isotope fractionation during magmatic differentiation in Kilauea Iki lava lake. Science 320, 1620–1622 (2008).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Zhang, C., Xu, J., Chui, P. C. & Wong, K. K. Y. Parametric spectro-temporal analyzer (PASTA) for real-time optical spectrum observation. Sci. Rep. 3, 2064 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boillot, M. Advanced Smart Grids for Distribution System Operators: Volume 1. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014).
An edited book
Martinez-Guerra, R. Fault Detection and Diagnosis in Nonlinear Systems: A Differential and Algebraic Viewpoint. (Springer International Publishing, 2014).
A chapter in an edited book
Li, H., Pan, K. & Li, S.-Y. R. Toward a Loss-Free Packet Transmission via Network Coding. in Network Coding at Different Layers in Wireless Networks (ed. Qin, Y.) 95–115 (Springer International Publishing, 2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Time-Lapse Video of Lunar Eclipse. IFLScience (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Interscholastic Athletics: School Districts Provide Some Assistance to Uninsured Student Athletes. (2000).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kolakoski, M. The appeal to be heard and the trope of listening in classic film and African American literature. (University of Arizona, 2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Firer, S. Repetition Works for the Moon. New York Times MM15 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Genetics
AbbreviationNat. Genet.
ISSN (print)1061-4036
ISSN (online)1546-1718

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