How to format your references using the Frontiers in Vascular Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Vascular Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stachel, J. (2005). 1905 and all that. Nature 433, 215–217.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, L., and Doudna, J. A. (2002). Structural insights into group II intron catalysis and branch-site selection. Science 295, 2084–2088.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davidson, E. M., Frothingham, R., and Cook-Deegan, R. (2007). Science and security. Practical experiences in dual-use review. Science 316, 1432–1433.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Magnuson, M., Schmitt, T., Strocov, V. N., Schlappa, J., Kalabukhov, A. S., and Duda, L.-C. (2014). Self-doping processes between planes and chains in the metal-to-superconductor transition of YBa2Cu3O6.9. Sci. Rep. 4, 7017.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guinot, V. (2010). Wave Propagation in Fluids. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Daras, N. J. ed. (2014). Applications of Mathematics and Informatics in Science and Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sakurai, S. (2006). “Plantation Forestry in the Tropics,” in Plantation Technology in Tropical Forest Science, eds. K. Suzuki, K. Ishii, S. Sakurai, and S. Sasaki (Tokyo: Springer), 53–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Vascular Physiology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). Vitamin D Supplements May Help Reduce The Risk Of Severe Asthma Attacks. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009). Federal Air Marshal Service: Actions Taken to Fulfill Core Mission and Address Workforce Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tiedemann-Fuller, P. M. (2008). A descriptive Rorschach study of children who have experienced chronic complex abuse.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J., and Ewing, J. (2016). E.U. Says It May Sue 4 Countries for Letting VW Sell Polluting Vehicles. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stachel, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Zhang and Doudna, 2002; Stachel, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Doudna, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Magnuson et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Vascular Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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