How to format your references using the Frontiers in Vascular Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Vascular Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Snell, W. J. (2012). Development. Plant gametes do fertilization with a twist. Science 338, 1038–1039.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wills-Karp, M., and Karp, C. L. (2004). Biomedicine. Eosinophils in asthma: remodeling a tangled tale. Science 305, 1726–1729.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nagornova, N. S., Rizzo, T. R., and Boyarkin, O. V. (2012). Interplay of intra- and intermolecular H-bonding in a progressively solvated macrocyclic peptide. Science 336, 320–323.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sobolev, A. V., Hofmann, A. W., Brügmann, G., Batanova, V. G., and Kuzmin, D. V. (2008). A quantitative link between recycling and osmium isotopes. Science 321, 536.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bernstein, L., and Yuhas, C. M. (2005). Trustworthy Systems through Quantitative Software Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Abdalla, M., and Lange, T. eds. (2013). Pairing-Based Cryptography – Pairing 2012: 5th International Conference, Cologne, Germany, May 16-18, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wen, J.-C., Huang, S.-Y., Lin, C.-F., Hsu, C.-C., and Chen, W.-N. (2014). “Typhoon Morakot and Institutional Changes in Taiwan,” in Disaster Recovery: Used or Misused Development Opportunity Disaster Risk Reduction., ed. R. Shaw (Tokyo: Springer Japan), 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Vascular Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). The Mathematics Of Pixar Movies. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984). U.S. Objectives Generally Achieved at Broadcasting Satellite International Conference--Improvements Can Help in Future Conferences. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Freund, S. H. (2013). The Relationship of Academic Courses to Skills Required Of Automobile Repair Technicians.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2016). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Snell, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Wills-Karp and Karp, 2004; Snell, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wills-Karp and Karp, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Sobolev et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Vascular Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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