How to format your references using the Frontiers in Vascular Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Vascular Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen, J. Y. (2015). Dopamine and serotonin signals for reward across time scales. Science 350, 47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, D. M., and Archer, D. (2002). Glacial--interglacial stability of ocean pH inferred from foraminifer dissolution rates. Nature 416, 70–73.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hines, P. J., Wible, B., and McCartney, M. (2010). Science, language, and literacy. Learning to read, reading to learn. Introduction. Science 328, 447.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Reinhard, C. T., Raiswell, R., Scott, C., Anbar, A. D., and Lyons, T. W. (2009). A late Archean sulfidic sea stimulated by early oxidative weathering of the continents. Science 326, 713–716.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans, R. (2010). Seven Secrets of the Savvy School Leader. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
Lucangelo, U., Pelosi, P., Zin, W. A., and Aliverti, A. eds. (2008). Respiratory System and Artificial Ventilation. Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Goldin, G. A. (2016). “Some Comments on Indistinguishable Particles and Interpretation of the Quantum Mechanical Wave Function,” in Geometric Methods in Physics: XXXIV Workshop, Białowieża, Poland, June 28 – July 4, 2015 Trends in Mathematics., eds. P. Kielanowski, S. T. Ali, P. Bieliavsky, A. Odzijewicz, M. Schlichenmaier, and T. Voronov (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 35–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Vascular Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Astronauts Spot Mysterious Sprites From The International Space Station. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979). Need for More Effective Audits of Federal Grants and Contracts Administered by Institutions of Higher Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tourijigian, L. (2015). Fiscal Changes at Dunbar Elementary.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016). Mets’ Familia Arrested in Domestic Violence Case; 2017 Status in Doubt. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohen, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson and Archer, 2002; Cohen, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Archer, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Reinhard et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Vascular Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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