How to format your references using the Frontiers in Vascular Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Vascular Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chakravarti, A. (2009). Being human: kinship: race relations. Nature 457, 380–381.
A journal article with 2 authors
Podgornaia, A. I., and Laub, M. T. (2015). Protein evolution. Pervasive degeneracy and epistasis in a protein-protein interface. Science 347, 673–677.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hayashi, K., Yoshida, K., and Matsui, Y. (2005). A histone H3 methyltransferase controls epigenetic events required for meiotic prophase. Nature 438, 374–378.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Vaudry, D., Stork, P. J. S., Lazarovici, P., and Eiden, L. E. (2002). Signaling pathways for PC12 cell differentiation: making the right connections. Science 296, 1648–1649.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hauser, G. (2008). Hygienegerechte Apparate Und Anlagen. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Fürnkranz, J., Scheffer, T., and Spiliopoulou, M. eds. (2006). Machine Learning: ECML 2006: 17th European Conference on Machine Learning Berlin, Germany, September 18-22, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Han, I., and Hou, S.-T. (2016). “Methodology: Participatory Action Research via Industry-Academia Collaboration,” in Social Innovation and Business in Taiwan, ed. S.-T. Hou (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US), 29–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Vascular Physiology.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). Parkinson’s Disease Could Soon Be Detected With An Eye Test. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017). Commercial Space Launch Insurance: Weakness in FAA’s Insurance Calculation May Expose the Federal Government to Excess Risk. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tasoff, A. J. (2017). Quantifying the Genetic Capacity of California Grunion (Leuresthes tenuis) to Adapt to Ocean Acidification.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2016). ‘The Chosen’ at 50. New York Times, BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chakravarti, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Chakravarti, 2009; Podgornaia and Laub, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Podgornaia and Laub, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Vaudry et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Vascular Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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