How to format your references using the Frontiers in Vascular Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Vascular Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cahn, R. W. (2001). Genesis by definition. Nature 410, 307.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cushing, M. C., and Anseth, K. S. (2007). Materials science. Hydrogel cell cultures. Science 316, 1133–1134.
A journal article with 3 authors
Browne, J., Tunnacliffe, A., and Burnell, A. (2002). Anhydrobiosis: plant desiccation gene found in a nematode. Nature 416, 38.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lifshitz, Y., Köhler, T., Frauenheim, T., Guzmann, I., Hoffman, A., Zhang, R. Q., et al. (2002). The mechanism of diamond nucleation from energetic species. Science 297, 1531–1533.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Christophers, B. (2013). Banking Across Boundaries. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Schättler, H. (2012). Geometric Optimal Control: Theory, Methods and Examples. , ed. U. Ledzewicz New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, J. S., and Jiang, B. (2013). “Statistical Methods in Bioinformatics,” in Basics of Bioinformatics: Lecture Notes of the Graduate Summer School on Bioinformatics of China, eds. R. Jiang, X. Zhang, and M. Q. Zhang (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 101–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Vascular Physiology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016). Looking For Traces Of The First Stars In The Universe. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974). More Competition Needed in the Federal Procurement of Automatic Data Processing Equipment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pradhan, S. H. (2017). User Interface Design, Database Connectivity, and Security in Fortified Cards.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman, J. L. (2017). A C.E.O. Looks to Grow Boutique Hotels in Europe. New York Times, TR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cahn, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Cahn, 2001; Cushing and Anseth, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cushing and Anseth, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Lifshitz et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Vascular Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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