How to format your references using the Frontiers in Vascular Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Vascular Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Devlin, K. (2002). Portraits of science. Kurt Gödel--separating truth from proof in mathematics. Science 298, 1899–1900.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rosenfeld, D., and Woodley, W. L. (2000). Deep convective clouds with sustained supercooled liquid water down to -37.5 degrees C. Nature 405, 440–442.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reber, M., Burrola, P., and Lemke, G. (2004). A relative signalling model for the formation of a topographic neural map. Nature 431, 847–853.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kiernan, A. E., Pelling, A. L., Leung, K. K. H., Tang, A. S. P., Bell, D. M., Tease, C., et al. (2005). Sox2 is required for sensory organ development in the mammalian inner ear. Nature 434, 1031–1035.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rezzoug, A., and El-Hadi Zaïm, M. (2011). Non-conventional Electrical Machines. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rahman, S., Primiero, G., and Marion, M. eds. (2012). The Realism-Antirealism Debate in the Age of Alternative Logics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Morinobu, S., Tsuji, S., Takahashi, M., Russell, D. S., Takahashi, J., Tanaka, K., et al. (2006). “Stress Vulnerability Induced by Neonatal Isolation and the Disturbance Between the Phosphorylation and Dephosphorylation of CREB,” in PTSD: Brain Mechanisms and Clinical Implications, eds. N. Kato, M. Kawata, and R. K. Pitman (Tokyo: Springer Japan), 37–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Vascular Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Is The Solid Crust In North America Really So Stable? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013). Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Governmentwide Strategy Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelly, L. A. (2009). Nursing surveillance in the acute care setting: Latent variable development and analysis.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. (2017). Move Over, Bach. Handel’s Moving In. New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Devlin, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Devlin, 2002; Rosenfeld and Woodley, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rosenfeld and Woodley, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Kiernan et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Vascular Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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