How to format your references using the Archives of Oral Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Oral Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodman, S. (2003). University challenge Paris. Nature, 422(6932), 644–645.
A journal article with 2 authors
Manoli, D. S., & Baker, B. S. (2004). Median bundle neurons coordinate behaviours during Drosophila male courtship. Nature, 430(6999), 564–569.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moore, J. D., Kirk, J. A., & Hunt, T. (2003). Unmasking the S-phase-promoting potential of cyclin B1. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5621), 987–990.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jeon, S., Jang, J. Y., Youn, J. R., Jeong, J.-H., Brenner, H., & Song, Y. S. (2013). Fullerene embedded shape memory nanolens array. Scientific Reports, 3, 3269.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cumming, D. (2010). Private Equity. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cowen, R., & Kazamias, A. M. (Eds.). (2009). International Handbook of Comparative Education (Vol. 22). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheng, W., Wang, C., Xiao, B., Qian, W., & Zhou, A. (2016). On Statistical Characteristics of Real-Life Knowledge Graphs. In J. Zhan, R. Han, & R. V. Zicari (Eds.), Big Data Benchmarks, Performance Optimization, and Emerging Hardware: 6th Workshop, BPOE 2015, Kohala, HI, USA, August 31 - September 4, 2015. Revised Selected Papers (pp. 37–49). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Oral Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 3). Device That Shows Your Veins In Bright Green Could Make Donating Blood Easier. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Study of Certain Management Practices at the National Institute of Education (No. HRD-77-1). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jujhavarapu, S. (2017). Real Time Driver Drowsiness Detection (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2015, October 4). A Hilltop Museum, Legacy of a Trailblazing Architect. New York Times, p. CT10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goodman, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Goodman, 2003; Manoli & Baker, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Manoli & Baker, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Moore, Kirk, & Hunt, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jeon et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Oral Biology
AbbreviationArch. Oral Biol.
ISSN (print)0003-9969
ScopeCell Biology
General Medicine
General Dentistry

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