How to format your references using the Archives of Oral Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Oral Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cavin, L. (2010). Paleontology. On giant filter feeders. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5968), 968–969.
A journal article with 2 authors
Freckleton, R. P., & Sutherland, W. J. (2001). Hospital waiting-lists. Do power laws imply self-regulation? Nature, 413(6854), 382.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, S. W., Shimoyama, T., & Hosono, H. (2011). Solvated electrons in high-temperature melts and glasses of the room-temperature stable electride [Ca₂₄Al₂₈O₆₄]4+·4e. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6038), 71–74.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, H., Yu, X., Li, K., Klejnot, J., Yang, H., Lisiero, D., & Lin, C. (2008). Photoexcited CRY2 interacts with CIB1 to regulate transcription and floral initiation in Arabidopsis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5907), 1535–1539.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Monks, R. A. G., Reed Lajoux, A., & LeBaron, D. (2010). Corporate Valuation for Portfolio Investment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Morgado, A. (2012). Nanometer CMOS Sigma-Delta Modulators for Software Defined Radio (R. del Río & J. M. de la Rosa, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chfouka, H., Nemati, H., Guanciale, R., Dam, M., & Ekdahl, P. (2015). Trustworthy Prevention of Code Injection in Linux on Embedded Devices. In G. Pernul, P. Y A Ryan, & E. Weippl (Eds.), Computer Security -- ESORICS 2015: 20th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, Vienna, Austria, September 21-25, 2015, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 90–107). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Oral Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 9). A Genetic Jigsaw: Single-Celled Organism Breaks Up Its Genome And Rearranges DNA Pieces. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Health Information Technology: HHS Has Taken Important Steps to Address Privacy Principles and Challenges, Although More Work Remains (GAO-08-1138). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Darwich, M. K. (2017). Cost-Efficient Video On Demand (VOD) Streaming Using Cloud Services [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, B. P. (2005, December 31). Closing Time; Iskandariya. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cavin, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Cavin, 2010; Freckleton & Sutherland, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Freckleton & Sutherland, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Kim et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Liu et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Oral Biology
AbbreviationArch. Oral Biol.
ISSN (print)0003-9969
ScopeCell Biology
General Medicine
General Dentistry

Other styles