How to format your references using the Archives of Oral Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Oral Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowerman, B. (2005). Cell biology. Oxidative stress and cancer: a beta-catenin convergence. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5725), 1119–1120.
A journal article with 2 authors
Byrne, S., & Ingersoll, A. P. (2003). A sublimation model for martian south polar ice features. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5609), 1051–1053.
A journal article with 3 authors
Robinson, J. W. A., Witt, J. D. S., & Blamire, M. G. (2010). Controlled injection of spin-triplet supercurrents into a strong ferromagnet. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5987), 59–61.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Luh, D. A., Miller, T., Paggel, J. J., Chou, M. Y., & Chiang, T. C. (2001). Quantum electronic stability of atomically uniform films. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5519), 1131–1133.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Imrie, R., & Street, E. (2011). Architectural Design and Regulation. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Hoffmeister, D. (Ed.). (2016). Biochemistry and Molecular Biology: Vol. III (3rd ed. 2016). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ambler, T., Chavan, M., Clarke, J., & Matthews, N. (2014). Climates of Communication: Collegiality, Affect, Spaces and Attitudes in Peer Review. In J. Sachs & M. Parsell (Eds.), Peer Review of Learning and Teaching in Higher Education: International Perspectives (pp. 67–84). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Oral Biology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, September 22). Study Finds People Can Be Identified By The Bacteria They Breathe Out. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Additional Work Remains to Ensure Delivery of Critical Services (T-AIMD-99-143). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brookman, D. (2009). Establishing context for referents in online chatroom conversations [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dannenberg, L. (2007, September 11). In the Air on the Day the World Changed. New York Times, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bowerman, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Bowerman, 2005; Byrne & Ingersoll, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Byrne & Ingersoll, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Robinson et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Luh et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Oral Biology
AbbreviationArch. Oral Biol.
ISSN (print)0003-9969
ScopeCell Biology
General Medicine
General Dentistry

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