How to format your references using the Archives of Oral Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Oral Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ueno, Y. (2014). Earth Science. Coping with low ocean sulfate. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6210), 703–704.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bhattachan, A., & D’Odorico, P. (2014). Can land use intensification in the Mallee, Australia increase the supply of soluble iron to the Southern Ocean? Scientific Reports, 4, 6009.
A journal article with 3 authors
Solomon, B. R., Hyder, M. N., & Varanasi, K. K. (2014). Separating oil-water nanoemulsions using flux-enhanced hierarchical membranes. Scientific Reports, 4, 5504.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Stott, L., Cannariato, K., Thunell, R., Haug, G. H., Koutavas, A., & Lund, S. (2004). Decline of surface temperature and salinity in the western tropical Pacific Ocean in the Holocene epoch. Nature, 431(7004), 56–59.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Möller, G. (2012). Geotechnik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Teixeira, P. N., Johnstone, D. B., Rosa, M. J., & Vossensteyn, H. (Eds.). (2006). Cost-Sharing and Accessibility in Higher Education: A Fairer Deal? (Vol. 14). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Dillon, M. E. (2014). Adolescent Pregnancy and Mental Health. In A. L. Cherry & M. E. Dillon (Eds.), International Handbook of Adolescent Pregnancy: Medical, Psychosocial, and Public Health Responses (pp. 79–102). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Oral Biology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, January 29). At Least Ten Other Men Could Rival Genghis Khan’s Genetic Legacy. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Financial Literacy and Education Commission: Progress Made in Fostering Partnerships, but National Strategy Remains Largely Descriptive Rather Than Strategic (GAO-09-638T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dillon, K. S. (2009). Social support to families of children with special needs: A grant [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., Searcey, D., & Casey, N. (2016, December 13). As Exxon Head, Tillerson Put Company’s Needs Over U.S. Interests. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ueno, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bhattachan & D’Odorico, 2014; Ueno, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bhattachan & D’Odorico, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Solomon et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Stott et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Oral Biology
AbbreviationArch. Oral Biol.
ISSN (print)0003-9969
ScopeCell Biology
General Medicine
General Dentistry

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