How to format your references using the Archives of Oral Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Oral Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Van Duyne, R. P. (2004). Physics. Molecular plasmonics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5698), 985–986.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tarlinton, D., & Good-Jacobson, K. (2013). Diversity among memory B cells: origin, consequences, and utility. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6151), 1205–1211.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nesvorný, D., Vokrouhlický, D., & Bottke, W. F. (2006). The breakup of a main-belt asteroid 450 thousand years ago. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5779), 1490.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kamnaksh, A., Budde, M. D., Kovesdi, E., Long, J. B., Frank, J. A., & Agoston, D. V. (2014). Diffusion tensor imaging reveals acute subcortical changes after mild blast-induced traumatic brain injury. Scientific Reports, 4, 4809.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krasner, D. (2016). A History of Modern Drama. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Cai, G. (2011). Unmanned Rotorcraft Systems (B. M. Chen & T. H. Lee, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Postema, P. G., Van den Berg, M. P., Van Tintelen, J. P., Van den Heuvel, F., Grundeken, M., Hofman, N., Van der Roest, W. P., Nannenberg, E. A., Krapels, I. P. C., Bezzina, C. R., & Wilde, A. A. M. (2014). Founder mutations in the Netherlands: SCN5a 1795insD, the first described arrhythmia overlap syndrome and one of the largest and best characterised families worldwide*. In A. A. M. Wilde & J. P. van Tintelen (Eds.), Founder mutations in inherited cardiac diseases in the Netherlands (pp. 21–27). Bohn Stafleu van Loghum.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Oral Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 25). Two-Father Babies Could Soon Be Possible, With No Egg Donor Required. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Space Transportation: The Content and Uses of Shuttle Cost Estimates (NSIAD-93-115). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schmittel, M. (2013). The Children First Foundation Parenting Education Program: A Study on the Effectiveness of a Divorce Parenting Education Program [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmitt, E., & Qiu, L. (2017, April 27). Digging Into Argument For a Wall on the Border. New York Times, A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Van Duyne, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Tarlinton & Good-Jacobson, 2013; Van Duyne, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tarlinton & Good-Jacobson, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Nesvorný et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kamnaksh et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Oral Biology
AbbreviationArch. Oral Biol.
ISSN (print)0003-9969
ScopeCell Biology
General Medicine
General Dentistry

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