How to format your references using the Marine and Coastal Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine and Coastal Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Johnson, S. C. 2014. Translational Medicine. A target for pharmacological intervention in an untreatable human disease. Science (New York, N.Y.) 346(6214):1192.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fowler, J. H., and D. Schreiber. 2008. Biology, politics, and the emerging science of human nature. Science (New York, N.Y.) 322(5903):912–914.
A journal article with 3 authors
Iwata, M., A. Hiyama, and J. M. Otaki. 2013. System-dependent regulations of colour-pattern development: a mutagenesis study of the pale grass blue butterfly. Scientific reports 3:2379.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lasorella, A., J. Stegmüller, D. Guardavaccaro, G. Liu, M. S. Carro, G. Rothschild, L. de la Torre-Ubieta, M. Pagano, A. Bonni, and A. Iavarone. 2006. Degradation of Id2 by the anaphase-promoting complex couples cell cycle exit and axonal growth. Nature 442(7101):471–474.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McLaughlin, T. A. 2010. Nonprofit Mergers and Alliances. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
de Hart, J., P. Dekker, and L. Halman, editors. 2013. Religion and Civil Society in Europe. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, H., G. Chen, L. Cai, and Y. Yang. 2016. Research of Large-Scale and Complex Agricultural Data Classification Algorithms Based on the Spatial Variability. Pages 45–52 in D. Li and Z. Li, editors. Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture IX: 9th IFIP WG 5.14 International Conference, CCTA 2015, Beijing, China, September 27-30, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Part I. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine and Coastal Fisheries.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2017, February 9. NASA Sent A Twin To Space To Study Nature Versus Nurture – And We’re Starting To Get Results. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites: Steps Remain in Incorporating Lessons Learned from Other Satellite Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-06-993, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cano, M. 2015. An in-home visitation program for homebound older adult Veterans: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg, E., and S. Piccoli. 2017, January 5. Police Shoot an Armed Man Wearing a Ballistics Vest. New York Times:A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Johnson 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Fowler and Schreiber 2008; Johnson 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fowler and Schreiber 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Lasorella et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine and Coastal Fisheries
AbbreviationMar. Coast. Fish.
ISSN (online)1942-5120
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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