How to format your references using the Marine and Coastal Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine and Coastal Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vihinen, M. 2015. No more hidden solutions in bioinformatics. Nature 521(7552):261.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams, E. J., and L. D. Hurst. 2000. The proteins of linked genes evolve at similar rates. Nature 407(6806):900–903.
A journal article with 3 authors
Behnia, K., L. Balicas, and Y. Kopelevich. 2007. Signatures of electron fractionalization in ultraquantum bismuth. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317(5845):1729–1731.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gross, L., F. Mohn, N. Moll, P. Liljeroth, and G. Meyer. 2009. The chemical structure of a molecule resolved by atomic force microscopy. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325(5944):1110–1114.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tran, J. 2010. The Vietnam War and Theologies of Memory. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Seck, D., editor. 2016. Accelerated Economic Growth in West Africa. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Rizvi, N. B., and S. A. Nagra. 2014. Materials and Methods. Pages 67–75 in S. A. Nagra, editor. Minerals and Lipids Profiles in Cardiovascular Disorders in South Asia: Cu, Mg, Se, Zn and Lipid Serum Profiles for the Example of Patients in Pakistan. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine and Coastal Fisheries.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2016, September 1. A Piece Of Space Junk Has Punched A Hole In A European Satellite. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Deferred Maintenance: Reporting Requirements and Identified Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, AIMD-97-103R, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ren, H. 2014. Modification and Characterization of Ordered Mesoporous Carbons for Resorcinol Removal. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. 2010, April 26. Strides, Often Painful, but Always, Always Forward. New York Times:D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vihinen 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Williams and Hurst 2000; Vihinen 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Williams and Hurst 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Gross et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine and Coastal Fisheries
AbbreviationMar. Coast. Fish.
ISSN (online)1942-5120
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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