How to format your references using the Marine and Coastal Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine and Coastal Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gottfried, K. 2000. Inferring the statistical interpretation of quantum mechanics from the classical limit. Nature 405(6786):533–536.
A journal article with 2 authors
Slessareva, J. E., and H. G. Dohlman. 2006. G protein signaling in yeast: new components, new connections, new compartments. Science (New York, N.Y.) 314(5804):1412–1413.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, X., D. Parker, and D. J. Singh. 2013. Importance of non-parabolic band effects in the thermoelectric properties of semiconductors. Scientific reports 3:3168.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, X., Q. Zhang, X. Chen, and M. Gu. 2013. Giant refractive-index modulation by two-photon reduction of fluorescent graphene oxides for multimode optical recording. Scientific reports 3:2819.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin, E., D. Nel, and S. Ólafsson. 2014. Problems and Solutions in Mathematical Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Maldonado, J. K., B. Colombi, and R. Pandya, editors. 2014. Climate Change and Indigenous Peoples in the United States: Impacts, Experiences and Actions. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Juhasz, T. 2013. Challenges of Femtosecond Laser Technologies for Cataract Surgery. Pages 39–48 in R. R. Krueger, J. H. Talamo, and R. L. Lindstrom, editors. Textbook of Refractive Laser Assisted Cataract Surgery (ReLACS). Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine and Coastal Fisheries.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2017, January 10. Early Signs Show Legal High Ban Is Pushing Sales From The High Street To Street Dealers. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Intercity Passenger Rail: Prospects for Amtrak’s Financial Viability. U.S. Government Printing Office, RCED-98-211R, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borogovac, A. 2010. Novel method for superior detection of functional changes in CBF using arterial spin labeling fMRI. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. 2016, October 5. With Appeal Over, Sharapova Lobs Criticism at Tennis Leaders. New York Times:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gottfried 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gottfried 2000; Slessareva and Dohlman 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Slessareva and Dohlman 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine and Coastal Fisheries
AbbreviationMar. Coast. Fish.
ISSN (online)1942-5120
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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