How to format your references using the Marine and Coastal Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine and Coastal Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Engheta, N. 2011. Applied physics. Antenna-guided light. Science (New York, N.Y.) 334(6054):317–318.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Grady, M., and G. O’Hare. 2012. Computer science. How smart is your city? Science (New York, N.Y.) 335(6076):1581–1582.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kielpinski, D., C. Monroe, and D. J. Wineland. 2002. Architecture for a large-scale ion-trap quantum computer. Nature 417(6890):709–711.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, J., M. Kalkum, S. Yamamura, B. T. Chait, and R. G. Roeder. 2004. E protein silencing by the leukemogenic AML1-ETO fusion protein. Science (New York, N.Y.) 305(5688):1286–1289.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chow, S.-C., and J.-P. Liu. 2005. Design and Analysis of Clinical Trials: Concepts and Methodologies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nguyen, N. T., R. Katarzyniak, and S.-M. Chen, editors. 2010. Advances in Intelligent Information and Database Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sobolev, D. 2016. The Trauma of Modernism: Between Existential Indeterminacy and Allegoresis. Pages 67–85 in Y. Ataria, D. Gurevitz, H. Pedaya, and Y. Neria, editors. Interdisciplinary Handbook of Trauma and Culture. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine and Coastal Fisheries.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, February 24. Can Science Finger A Philanderer? Not Like This! IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. NATO: Progress Toward More Mobile and Deployable Forces. U.S. Government Printing Office, NSIAD-99-229, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liao, W. 2010. The epitope specificity of the human anti-Candida albicans antibody M1g1. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W., and J. Hurdle. 2013, July 25. Harrisburg Sees Path to Restructuring Debts Without Bankruptcy Filing. New York Times:A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Engheta 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Engheta 2011; O’Grady and O’Hare 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Grady and O’Hare 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine and Coastal Fisheries
AbbreviationMar. Coast. Fish.
ISSN (online)1942-5120
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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