How to format your references using the Marine and Coastal Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine and Coastal Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Franson, J. D. 2013. Physics. Beating classical computing without a quantum computer. Science (New York, N.Y.) 339(6121):767–768.
A journal article with 2 authors
Romano, M., and R. L. Cifelli. 2015. Geology. 100 years of continental drift. Science (New York, N.Y.) 350(6263):915–916.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aviezer, H., Y. Trope, and A. Todorov. 2012. Body cues, not facial expressions, discriminate between intense positive and negative emotions. Science (New York, N.Y.) 338(6111):1225–1229.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Höner, O. P., B. Wachter, M. L. East, W. J. Streich, K. Wilhelm, T. Burke, and H. Hofer. 2007. Female mate-choice drives the evolution of male-biased dispersal in a social mammal. Nature 448(7155):798–801.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pommier, S., A. Gravouil, A. Combescure, and N. Moës. 2013. Extended Finite Element Method for Crack Propagation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Strayer, S. M., P. L. Reynolds, and M. H. Ebell, editors. 2005. Handhelds in Medicine: A Practical Guide for Clinicians. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Makna, J., and M. Kirikova. 2011. Patterns-Based IS Change Management in SMEs. Pages 55–66 in W. W. Song, S. Xu, C. Wan, Y. Zhong, W. Wojtkowski, G. Wojtkowski, and H. Linger, editors. Information Systems Development: Asian Experiences. Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine and Coastal Fisheries.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, May 26. Scientists At Work: Tracing The Origin Of Ancient Water Flows On Mars In the Lab. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. National Airspace System: Assessment of FAA’s Efforts to Augment the Global Positioning System. U.S. Government Printing Office, T-RCED-95-219, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Onal, B. 2015. RFID feasibility study for check-out stations at supermarkets. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, N., and S. Kishkovsky. 2015, March 30. Russian Theater Director Fired for Offending Christians. New York Times:A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Franson 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Franson 2013; Romano and Cifelli 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Romano and Cifelli 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Höner et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine and Coastal Fisheries
AbbreviationMar. Coast. Fish.
ISSN (online)1942-5120
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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