How to format your references using the Marine and Coastal Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine and Coastal Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramesar, R. 2015. Genomics: African dawn. Nature 517(7534):276–277.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jiang, J.-H., and S. John. 2014. Photonic architectures for equilibrium high-temperature Bose-Einstein condensation in dichalcogenide monolayers. Scientific reports 4:7432.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gancarz-Kausch, A. M., D. N. Adank, and D. M. Dietz. 2014. Prolonged withdrawal following cocaine self-administration increases resistance to punishment in a cocaine binge. Scientific reports 4:6876.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fricker, H. A., T. Scambos, R. Bindschadler, and L. Padman. 2007. An active subglacial water system in West Antarctica mapped from space. Science (New York, N.Y.) 315(5818):1544–1548.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Veasey, D. A., L. C. McCormick, B. M. Hilyer, K. W. Oldfield, S. Hansen, and T. H. Krayer. 2005. Confined Space Entry and Emergency Response. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rodriguez-Bigas, M. A., R. Cutait, P. M. Lynch, I. Tomlinson, and H. F. A. Vasen, editors. 2010. Hereditary Colorectal Cancer. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Rahimian, J., J. C. T. Chen, M. R. Girvigian, M. J. Miller, and R. Rahimian. 2011. Frame-Based and Frameless Accuracy of Novalis® Radiosurgery. Pages 37–46 in A. A. F. De Salles, A. Gorgulho, N. Agazaryan, B. Slotman, M. Selch, A. J. Burwick, and R. Schulz, editors. Shaped Beam Radiosurgery: State of the Art. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine and Coastal Fisheries.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, March 5. Genetically Modified Cows Show Increased Tuberculosis Resistance. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Purchase and Preparation of Television Commercials by the Government. U.S. Government Printing Office, LCD-77-415, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gamez Grijalva, V. M. 2009. Biological and physical-chemical methods for treatment of semiconductor manufacturing effluents. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry, E., and A. E. Kramer. 2012, February 5. In Biting Cold, Protesters Pack the Center of Moscow to Rally Against Putin. New York Times:A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ramesar 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Jiang and John 2014; Ramesar 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jiang and John 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Fricker et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine and Coastal Fisheries
AbbreviationMar. Coast. Fish.
ISSN (online)1942-5120
ScopeAquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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