How to format your references using the The Egyptian Heart Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Egyptian Heart Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Richter LM. Studying adolescence. Science. 2006;312(5782):1902-1905.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chambers JQ, Roberts DA. Ecology: drought in the congo basin. Nature. 2014;509(7498):36-37.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang L, Garbe DS, Bashaw GJ. A frazzled/DCC-dependent transcriptional switch regulates midline axon guidance. Science. 2009;324(5929):944-947.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Levine JD, Funes P, Dowse HB, Hall JC. Resetting the circadian clock by social experience in Drosophila melanogaster. Science. 2002;298(5600):2010-2012.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bielecki TR, Brigo D, Patras F. Credit Risk Frontiers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Kountchev R, Nakamatsu K, eds. Advances in Reasoning-Based Image Processing Intelligent Systems: Conventional and Intelligent Paradigms. Vol 29. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Borcoci E, Pinto A, Mehaoua A, Fang L, Wang N. Resource Management and Signalling Architecture of a Hybrid Multicast Service for Multimedia Distribution. In: Pavlou G, Ahmed T, Dagiuklas T, eds. Management of Converged Multimedia Networks and Services: 11th IFIP/IEEE International Conference on Management of Multimedia and Mobile Networks and Services, MMNS 2008, Samos Island, Greece, September 22-26, 2008. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2008:39-51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Egyptian Heart Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. Rosetta Comet Puts On A Firework Display. IFLScience. Published August 14, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Educating Deaf Students at Federally Assisted Postsecondary Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Penix-Tadsen P. Marketing marginality: Resistance and commodification in contemporary Latin American cultural production. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Macfarlane I. Wordsworth. New York Times. March 17, 1906:RECIEW OF BOOKSBR166.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Egyptian Heart Journal
AbbreviationEgypt. Heart J.
ISSN (print)1110-2608
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles