How to format your references using the The Egyptian Heart Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Egyptian Heart Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rose S. Darwin 200: Should scientists study race and IQ? NO: Science and society do not benefit. Nature. 2009;457(7231):786-788.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bollyky TJ, Bollyky PL. Science and government. Obama and the promotion of international science. Science. 2012;338(6107):610-612.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bryden HL, Longworth HR, Cunningham SA. Slowing of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 25 degrees N. Nature. 2005;438(7068):655-657.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Valladas H, Clottes J, Geneste JM, et al. Palaeolithic paintings. Evolution of prehistoric cave art. Nature. 2001;413(6855):479.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ohshima H. Biophysical Chemistry of Biointerfaces. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Akoka J, Liddle SW, Song I-Y, et al., eds. Perspectives in Conceptual Modeling: ER 2005 Workshops AOIS, BP-UML, CoMoGIS, ECOMO, and QoIS, Klagenfurt, Austria, October 24-28, 2005. Proceedings. Vol 3770. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Tahirovic A, Magnani G. Some Limitations and Real-Time Implementation. In: Magnani G, ed. Passivity-Based Model Predictive Control for Mobile Vehicle Motion Planning. SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. London: Springer; 2013:41-51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Egyptian Heart Journal.

Blog post
Andrews R. That “Alien Megastructure” Star Is Suddenly Behaving Very Strangely. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Pricing of a Fixed-Price Incentive Contract Awarded to RCA Corporation by the Goddard Space Flight Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pence PL. Emotional intelligence, motivation, and retention among undergraduate students attending associate-degree nursing programs in Illinois. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker P, Vogel KP. Lawyers Clash Over Strategy By West Wing. New York Times. September 18, 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Egyptian Heart Journal
AbbreviationEgypt. Heart J.
ISSN (print)1110-2608
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles