How to format your references using the The Breast citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Breast. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Norrby SR. Alert to a European epidemic. Nature 2004;431:507–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Fields S, Johnston M. Genomics. A crisis in postgenomic nomenclature. Science 2002;296:671–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Core LJ, Waterfall JJ, Lis JT. Nascent RNA sequencing reveals widespread pausing and divergent initiation at human promoters. Science 2008;322:1845–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Hunt DE, David LA, Gevers D, Preheim SP, Alm EJ, Polz MF. Resource partitioning and sympatric differentiation among closely related bacterioplankton. Science 2008;320:1081–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Kato T, Handwerker CA, Bath J. Mitigating Tin Whisker Risks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Horváth Z, editor. Central European Functional Programming School: First Summer School, CEFP 2005, Budapest, Hungary, July 4-15, 2005, Revised Selected Lectures. vol. 4164. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Takahashi A. Diagnosis of Lateral Extensions. In: Oyama T, editor. Endoscopic Diagnosis of Superficial Gastric Cancer for ESD, Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016, p. 29–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Breast.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. Here Are The Last Photos A Star-Crossed Robot Took Before Killing Itself On A Comet. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Highway Financing: Factors Affecting Highway Trust Fund Revenues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Samel C. Imagination and negotiation: Motivations for Cambodian women to marry Cambodian American men. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Pilon M. Mathematicians Are Hoping Calculations Add Up to the Perfect Bracket. New York Times 2014:SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Breast
AbbreviationBreast
ISSN (print)0960-9776
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Surgery

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