How to format your references using the The Botanical Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Botanical Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morris, M. 2006. Astronomy. Galactic prominences on the rise. Science (New York, N.Y.) 314: 70–71.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gallo, R.C., & L. Montagnier. 2002. Historical essay. Prospects for the future. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298: 1730–1731.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kohl, K.P., C.D. Jones, & J. Sekelsky. 2012. Evolution of an MCM complex in flies that promotes meiotic crossovers by blocking BLM helicase. Science (New York, N.Y.) 338: 1363–1365.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Solomonov, I., D. Talmi-Frank, Y. Milstein, S. Addadi, A. Aloshin, & I. Sagi. 2014. Introduction of correlative light and airSEMTM microscopy imaging for tissue research under ambient conditions. Scientific reports 4: 5987.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Reedy, M.A. 2011. Construction Management for Industrial Projects. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Benedikter, R., & K. Siepmann (eds.). 2015. Chile in Transition: Prospects and Challenges for Latin America’s Forerunner of Development. XVI, 217 p. 4 illus. in color p. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kiyomoto, S., M. Henricksen, W.-S. Yap, Y. Nakano, & K. Fukushima. 2011. MASHA – Low Cost Authentication with a New Stream Cipher. Pp. 63–78. In: X. Lai, J. Zhou, & H. Li (eds.). Information Security: 14th International Conference, ISC 2011, Xi’an, China, October 26-29, 2011. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg,.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Botanical Review.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2014, March 20. Craters From Double Asteroid Impact Identified. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Reasons for Funding Selected Entitlements Programs by Other Than 1-Year Appropriations, No. PAD-78-46b. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prosky, J. 2012. Meisner and the problem of character. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. 2016, December 13. So Smart (but Truly Vile). New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morris, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Gallo & Montagnier, 2002; Morris, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gallo & Montagnier, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Kohl, Jones, & Sekelsky, 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Solomonov et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Botanical Review
ISSN (print)0006-8101
ISSN (online)1874-9372

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