How to format your references using the The Botanical Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Botanical Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr, R.A. 2000. CLIMATOLOGY: Does a Climate Clock Get a Noisy Boost? Science (New York, N.Y.) 290: 697–698.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ort, D.R., & S.P. Long. 2014. Botany. Limits on yields in the Corn Belt. Science (New York, N.Y.) 344: 484–485.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hamilton, V.E., P.R. Christensen, & J.L. Bandfield. 2003. Planetary science: Volcanism or aqueous alteration on Mars? Nature 421: 711–2; discussion 712-3.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Usiello, A., J.H. Baik, F. Rougé-Pont, R. Picetti, A. Dierich, M. LeMeur, P.V. Piazza, & E. Borrelli. 2000. Distinct functions of the two isoforms of dopamine D2 receptors. Nature 408: 199–203.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yoder, C.H., P.A. Leber, & M.W. Thomsen. 2010. The Bridge to Organic Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Han, K.J., B.-Y. Choi, & S. Song (eds.). 2014. High Performance Cloud Auditing and Applications. XXIV, 360 p. 89 illus., 62 illus. in color pp. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cinbis, R.G., & S. Sclaroff. 2012. Contextual Object Detection Using Set-Based Classification. Pp. 43–57. In: A. Fitzgibbon, S. Lazebnik, P. Perona, Y. Sato, & C. Schmid (eds.). Computer Vision – ECCV 2012: 12th European Conference on Computer Vision, Florence, Italy, October 7-13, 2012, Proceedings, Part VI. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg,.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Botanical Review.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2014, December 31. Nearby Star Is On A Collision Course With Our Solar System. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Transportation Security Research: Coordination Needed in Selecting and Implementing Infrastructure Vulnerability Assessments, No. GAO-03-502. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wicks, C.F. 2017. The Self-Concept of Students in Remediation in a Rural Community College in Mississippi. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Seth Mydans; Erin, & Sophia Kishkovsky contributed reporting for this article. 2004, September 6. Moscow’s Gloom Deepens As Fear Becomes Routine. New York Times, p. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kerr, 2000; Ort & Long, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ort & Long, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Hamilton, Christensen, & Bandfield, 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Usiello et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Botanical Review
ISSN (print)0006-8101
ISSN (online)1874-9372

Other styles