How to format your references using the The Botanical Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Botanical Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mooij, H. 2005. Physics. The road to quantum computing. Science (New York, N.Y.) 307: 1210–1211.
A journal article with 2 authors
Krieger, M.J.B., & K.G. Ross. 2002. Identification of a major gene regulating complex social behavior. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295: 328–332.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lai, Y.-T., D. Cascio, & T.O. Yeates. 2012. Structure of a 16-nm cage designed by using protein oligomers. Science (New York, N.Y.) 336: 1129.
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Wang, Y., J. Ma, J. Wang, P. Yuan, G. Xie, X. Ge, F. Liu, X. Yuan, H. Zhu, & L. Qian. 2014. Single-shot measurement of >1010 pulse contrast for ultra-high peak-power lasers. Scientific reports 4: 3818.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Noldus, R. 2006. CAMEL. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Peters, J.F., A. Skowron, M. Wolski, M.K. Chakraborty, & W.-Z. Wu (eds.). 2009. Transactions on Rough Sets X. IX, 275 p p. (Vol. 5656). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wörner, G., R.S. Harmon, G. Hartmann, & K. Simon. 2005. Igneous Geology and Geochemistry of the Upper Río Chagres Basin. Pp. 65–81. In: R.S. Harmon (ed.). The Río Chagres, Panama: A Multidisciplinary Profile of a Tropical Watershed. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht,.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Botanical Review.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. 2017, March 21. This Breathtaking Bioluminescent Beach Will Make Your Day. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Social Security Numbers: Stronger Protections Needed When Contractors Have Access to SSNs, No. GAO-06-238. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, K.A. 2010. Impact of animal assisted therapy reading instruction on reading performance of homeschooled students. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B. 2016, September 30. Keep the Returns, Trump; Just Give Us a Few Figures. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mooij, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Krieger & Ross, 2002; Mooij, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krieger & Ross, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Lai, Cascio, & Yeates, 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Botanical Review
ISSN (print)0006-8101
ISSN (online)1874-9372

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