How to format your references using the The Australian Library Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Australian Library Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, Robert F. 2013. “Solar Energy. Performance of Nanowire Solar Cells on the Rise.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 339 (6117): 263.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peterca, Mihai, and Virgil Percec. 2010. “Materials Science. Recasting Metal Alloy Phases with Block Copolymers.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6002): 333–334.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, Weihong, Jiancheng Luo, and Shunchang Jiao. 2014. “Comprehensive Characterization of Cancer Subtype Associated Long Non-Coding RNAs and Their Clinical Implications.” Scientific Reports 4 (October): 6591.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tumino, A., C. Spitaleri, M. La Cognata, S. Cherubini, G. L. Guardo, M. Gulino, S. Hayakawa, et al. 2018. “Publisher Correction: An Increase in the 12C + 12C Fusion Rate from Resonances at Astrophysical Energies.” Nature 561 (7721): E3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Law, Ho. 2013. The Psychology of Coaching, Mentoring and Learning. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Bäumer, Ulrich, Peter Kreutter, and Wolfgang Messner, eds. 2012. Globalization of Professional Services: Innovative Strategies, Successful Processes, Inspired Talent Management, and First-Hand Experiences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kazar, Baris M., and Mete Celik. 2012. “Parallel Implementations of Approximate SAR Model Solutions.” In Spatial AutoRegression (SAR) Model: Parameter Estimation Techniques, edited by Mete Celik, 47–50. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Australian Library Journal.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “Geminid Meteor Shower Will Peak Tonight, But The Supermoon Might Outshine It.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Student Loans: Selected Characteristics of Schools in Two Major Federal Loan Programs. HEHS-97-45. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holmberg, Mitchell Blake. 2014. “Alternative Nitrogen for Subsequent Southern Switchgrass (Panicum Virgatum L.) Production Using Cool-Season Legumes.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, Michael. 2017. “A Surge in Sales to Foreign Buyers.” New York Times, July 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jones 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Gintis 2008; Robinson 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peterca and Percec 2010)
  • Three authors: (Zhao, Luo, and Jiao 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Kim et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Australian Library Journal
AbbreviationAust. Libr. J.
ISSN (print)0004-9670
ISSN (online)2201-4276
ScopeLibrary and Information Sciences

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