How to format your references using the The Australian Library Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Australian Library Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, Michael. 2015. “Artificial Organs: Honey, I Shrunk the Lungs.” Nature 519 (7544): S16-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Todd, J. Jay, and René Marois. 2004. “Capacity Limit of Visual Short-Term Memory in Human Posterior Parietal Cortex.” Nature 428 (6984): 751–754.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weston, Claire R., David G. Lambright, and Roger J. Davis. 2002. “Signal Transduction. MAP Kinase Signaling Specificity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5577): 2345–2347.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gehring, George M., Aaron Schweinsberg, Christopher Barsi, Natalie Kostinski, and Robert W. Boyd. 2006. “Observation of Backward Pulse Propagation through a Medium with a Negative Group Velocity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 312 (5775): 895–897.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thornicroft, Graham, Maya Semrau, Atalay Alem, Robert E. Drake, Hiroto Ito, Jair Mari, Peter McGeorge, and R. Thara. 2011. Community Mental Health. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kamkin, Andre, and Irina Kiseleva, eds. 2008. Mechanosensitive Ion Channels. Vol. 1. Mechanosensitivity in Cells and Tissues. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kozai, Toyoki, and Geng Zhang. 2016. “Some Aspects of the Light Environment.” In LED Lighting for Urban Agriculture, edited by Toyoki Kozai, Kazuhiro Fujiwara, and Erik S. Runkle, 49–55. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Australian Library Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2015. “Neon Spotted In The Moon’s Atmosphere For The First Time Ever.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. An Analysis of Concerns in Federal Education Programs: Duplication of Services and Administrative Costs. HRD-80-18. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klochko, Kateryna. 2009. “An Empirical Re-Evaluation of the Boron Isotope/PH Proxy in Marine Carbonates.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2002. “When the City Says Show Me, It Means It.” New York Times, September 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenstein 2015; Todd and Marois 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Todd and Marois 2004)
  • Three authors: (Weston, Lambright, and Davis 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gehring et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Australian Library Journal
AbbreviationAust. Libr. J.
ISSN (print)0004-9670
ISSN (online)2201-4276
ScopeLibrary and Information Sciences

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