How to format your references using the The Australian Library Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Australian Library Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, David. 2008. “The Scientist Delusion.” Nature 452 (7183): 17.
A journal article with 2 authors
König, Peter, and Paul F. M. J. Verschure. 2002. “Neuroscience. Neurons in Action.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5574): 1817–1818.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kotiaho, J. S., L. W. Simmons, and J. L. Tomkins. 2001. “Towards a Resolution of the Lek Paradox.” Nature 410 (6829): 684–686.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Oh, Choongseob, Soonyong Park, Eun Kyung Lee, and Yung Joon Yoo. 2013. “Downregulation of Ubiquitin Level via Knockdown of Polyubiquitin Gene Ubb as Potential Cancer Therapeutic Intervention.” Scientific Reports 3: 2623.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bennett, M. R., and P. M. S. Hacker. 2012. History of Cognitive Neuroscience. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bramer, Max, ed. 2008. Artificial Intelligence in Theory and Practice II: IFIP 20th World Computer Congress, TC 12: IFIP AI 2008 Stream, September 7-10, 2008, Milano, Italy. Vol. 276. IFIP – The International Federation for Information Processing. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Priesterjahn, Claudia, Dominik Steenken, and Matthias Tichy. 2013. “Timed Hazard Analysis of Self-Healing Systems.” In Assurances for Self-Adaptive Systems: Principles, Models, and Techniques, edited by Javier Cámara, Rogério de Lemos, Carlo Ghezzi, and Antónia Lopes, 112–151. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Australian Library Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “NASA Funds Program To Turn Poop Into Food.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Federal Research: Lessons Learned From SEMATECH. RCED-92-283. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Elizalde, Karina. 2014. “Relationship between Latino Adolescents and Their Mental Health Well-Being: A Quantitative Study.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Caitlin. 2009. “Facebook Status? In Town and Wondering What to Do.” New York Times, May 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston 2008; König and Verschure 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (König and Verschure 2002)
  • Three authors: (Kotiaho, Simmons, and Tomkins 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Oh et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Australian Library Journal
AbbreviationAust. Libr. J.
ISSN (print)0004-9670
ISSN (online)2201-4276
ScopeLibrary and Information Sciences

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