How to format your references using the The Australian Library Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Australian Library Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levine, Jonathan M. 2016. “Ecology: A Trail Map for Trait-Based Studies.” Nature 529 (7585): 163–164.
A journal article with 2 authors
Najemnik, Jiri, and Wilson S. Geisler. 2005. “Optimal Eye Movement Strategies in Visual Search.” Nature 434 (7031): 387–391.
A journal article with 3 authors
Melton, Collin, Robert L. Judson, and Robert Blelloch. 2010. “Opposing MicroRNA Families Regulate Self-Renewal in Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells.” Nature 463 (7281): 621–626.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhao, Tingkai, Cuilin Hou, Hongyan Zhang, Ruoxing Zhu, Shengfei She, Jungao Wang, Tiehu Li, Zhifu Liu, and Bingqing Wei. 2014. “Electromagnetic Wave Absorbing Properties of Amorphous Carbon Nanotubes.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5619.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brook, Mark V. 2011. Ultrasonic Inspection Technology Development and Search Unit Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Palmer, Jeffrey S., ed. 2011. Pediatric Urology: A General Urologist’s Guide. Current Clinical Urology. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Yen, Hsu-Chun. 2008. “Concurrency, Synchronization, and Conflicts in Petri Nets.” In Implementation and Applications of Automata: 13th International Conference, CIAA 2008, San Francisco, California, USA, July 21-24, 2008. Proceedings, edited by Oscar H. Ibarra and Bala Ravikumar, 33–35. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Australian Library Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “It’s Not Just Your TV Listening In To Your Conversation.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Inspectors General: Information on Resources and Selected Accomplishments of Five Inspectors Generals. AIMD-00-31R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Butler, Brian K. 2013. “Error Floors of LDPC Codes and Related Topics.” Doctoral dissertation, La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Midler, Todd, and John Leland. 2017. “On Any Given Wednesday.” New York Times, September 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levine 2016).
This sentence cites two references (Levine 2016; Najemnik and Geisler 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Najemnik and Geisler 2005)
  • Three authors: (Melton, Judson, and Blelloch 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Australian Library Journal
AbbreviationAust. Libr. J.
ISSN (print)0004-9670
ISSN (online)2201-4276
ScopeLibrary and Information Sciences

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