How to format your references using the The Australian Library Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Australian Library Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McKnight, Steven L. 2010. “On Getting There from Here.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6009): 1338–1339.
A journal article with 2 authors
Waddell, S., and W. G. Quinn. 2001. “Neurobiology. Learning How a Fruit Fly Forgets.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 293 (5533): 1271–1272.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanner, Christian, Carine Manca, and Samuel Leutwyler. 2003. “Probing the Threshold to H Atom Transfer along a Hydrogen-Bonded Ammonia Wire.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302 (5651): 1736–1739.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Loewen, C. J. R., M. L. Gaspar, S. A. Jesch, C. Delon, N. T. Ktistakis, S. A. Henry, and T. P. Levine. 2004. “Phospholipid Metabolism Regulated by a Transcription Factor Sensing Phosphatidic Acid.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5677): 1644–1647.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hey, Edmund. 2011. Neonatal Formulary 6. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Kariwo, Michael. 2014. A Comparative Analysis of Higher Education Systems: Issues, Challenges and Dilemmas. Edited by Tatiana Gounko and Musembi Nungu. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Stahl, Stephen M., and Debbi A. Morrissette. 2013. “Should High Dose or Very Long-Term Antipsychotic Monotherapy Be Considered Before Antipsychotic Polypharmacy?” In Polypharmacy in Psychiatry Practice, Volume I: Multiple Medication Use Strategies, edited by Michael S. Ritsner, 107–125. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Australian Library Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Microbeads In Soaps Facing Bans Due To Great Lakes Pollution.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Bureau of Indian Affairs Not Operating Boarding Schools Efficiently. CED-78-56. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bigler, William H. 2010. “Increased Substance Abuse Treatment for Adolescents.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Irving, John. 2017. “It Takes a Commune.” New York Times, January 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McKnight 2010).
This sentence cites two references (McKnight 2010; Waddell and Quinn 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Waddell and Quinn 2001)
  • Three authors: (Tanner, Manca, and Leutwyler 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Loewen et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Australian Library Journal
AbbreviationAust. Libr. J.
ISSN (print)0004-9670
ISSN (online)2201-4276
ScopeLibrary and Information Sciences

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