How to format your references using the The Australian Library Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Australian Library Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Solis, Michele. 2014. “Prevention: Before the Break.” Nature 508 (7494): S12-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Linhardt, Robert J., and Toshihiko Toida. 2002. “Tech.Sight. Capillary Electrophoresis. Ultra-High Resolution Separation Comes of Age.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 298 (5597): 1441–1442.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elia, Andrew E. H., Lewis C. Cantley, and Michael B. Yaffe. 2003. “Proteomic Screen Finds PSer/PThr-Binding Domain Localizing Plk1 to Mitotic Substrates.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5610): 1228–1231.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Luguet, Ambre, D. Graham Pearson, Geoff M. Nowell, Scott T. Dreher, Judith A. Coggon, Zdislav V. Spetsius, and Stephen W. Parman. 2008. “Enriched Pt-Re-Os Isotope Systematics in Plume Lavas Explained by Metasomatic Sulfides.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5862): 453–456.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eggert, Helmut, and Wolfgang Kauschke. 2012. Structural Bearings. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG.
An edited book
Campilho, Aurélio, and Mohamed Kamel, eds. 2014. Image Analysis and Recognition: 11th International Conference, ICIAR 2014, Vilamoura, Portugal, October 22-24, 2014, Proceedings, Part I. Vol. 8814. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lowder, Katie. 2013. “Fears.” In Student Teaching: A Journey in Narratives, edited by K. J. Fasching-Varner, H. B. Eisworth, T. H. Mencer, D. R. Lindbom-Cho, M. C. Murray, and B. C. Morton, 37–56. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Australian Library Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. “Heart Attack Deaths More Likely At Christmas.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. A Long-Term Plan Is Needed To Guide DOE and Multiprogram Laboratory Research and Development Activities. RCED-84-30. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McConnell, Matrice E. 2017. “A Dual Diagnosis of Hearing Loss and an Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Illustrative Case Study.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, Ben, and Shuaib Almosawa. 2017. “Somali Migrants’ Trek Becomes Scene of Horror.” New York Times, March 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Solis 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Solis 2014; Linhardt and Toida 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Linhardt and Toida 2002)
  • Three authors: (Elia, Cantley, and Yaffe 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Luguet et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Australian Library Journal
AbbreviationAust. Libr. J.
ISSN (print)0004-9670
ISSN (online)2201-4276
ScopeLibrary and Information Sciences

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