How to format your references using the The Australian Library Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Australian Library Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Konner, Melvin. 2002. “Seeking Universals.” Nature 415 (6868): 121.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sipp, Douglas, and Leigh Turner. 2012. “Stem Cells. U.S. Regulation of Stem Cells as Medical Products.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 338 (6112): 1296–1297.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, Ankit, Punit Zadafiya, and Radhakrishnan Mahalakshmi. 2014. “Differential Contribution of Tryptophans to the Folding and Stability of the Attachment Invasion Locus Transmembrane β-Barrel from Yersinia Pestis.” Scientific Reports 4 (September): 6508.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lee, Min Gyu, Raffaella Villa, Patrick Trojer, Jessica Norman, Kai-Ping Yan, Danny Reinberg, Luciano Di Croce, and Ramin Shiekhattar. 2007. “Demethylation of H3K27 Regulates Polycomb Recruitment and H2A Ubiquitination.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318 (5849): 447–450.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belfiore, Laurence A. 2010. Physical Properties of Macromolecules. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dell’Atti, Stefano, and Annarita Trotta, eds. 2016. Managing Reputation in The Banking Industry: Theory and Practice. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, Zhibo, Steven Platnick, Andrew S. Ackerman, and Hyoun-Myoung Cho. 2015. “Spectral Dependence of MODIS Cloud Droplet Effective Radius Retrievals for Marine Boundary Layer Clouds.” In Light Scattering Reviews 9: Light Scattering and Radiative Transfer, edited by Alexander A. Kokhanovsky, 135–165. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Australian Library Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “New Images Provide Strongest Evidence So Far For Liquid Water On Mars.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Surface Freight Transportation: A Comparison of the Costs of Road, Rail, and Waterways Freight Shipments That Are Not Passed on to Consumers. GAO-11-134. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kelleher, Andrea. 2017. “Gendered Intent to Turnover Resulting from Workplace Bullying in Nursing and Medical Fields.” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, Michael R. 2017. “Trump Advisers Call for More Troops to Break Deadlock in Afghan War.” New York Times, May 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Konner 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Konner 2002; Sipp and Turner 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sipp and Turner 2012)
  • Three authors: (Gupta, Zadafiya, and Mahalakshmi 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lee et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Australian Library Journal
AbbreviationAust. Libr. J.
ISSN (print)0004-9670
ISSN (online)2201-4276
ScopeLibrary and Information Sciences

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