How to format your references using the The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerp, H. (2002). Atmospheric CO2 from fossil plant cuticles. Nature, 415(6867), 38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rajsbaum, R., & García-Sastre, A. (2014). Virology. Unanchored ubiquitin in virus uncoating. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6208), 427–428.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tarduno, J. A., Cottrell, R. D., & Smirnov, A. V. (2001). High geomagnetic intensity during the mid-Cretaceous from Thellier analyses of single plagioclase crystals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5509), 1779–1783.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Neetu, S., Suresh, I., Shankar, R., Shankar, D., Shenoi, S. S. C., Shetye, S. R., Sundar, D., & Nagarajan, B. (2005). Comment on “The great Sumatra-Andaman earthquake of 26 December 2004.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5753), 1431; author reply 1431.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malpass, D. B., & Band, E. I. (2012). Introduction to Industrial Polypropylene. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hefnawy, M. (Ed.). (2011). Advances in Food Protection: Focus on Food Safety and Defense. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Neumann, K.-H., Imani, J., & Kumar, A. (2009). Protoplast Cultures. In A. Kumar & K.-H. Neumann (Eds.), Plant Cell and Tissue Culture - A Tool in Biotechnology: Basics and Application (pp. 51–60). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2015, March 30). Satellite Image Of The Aral Sea Looks Like An Abstract Painting. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Assessment of the Explanation That Immigration and Customs Enforcement Provided for Its Subsequent Transfer from the Spectrum Relocation Fund (GAO-08-846R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nomberg, R. I. (2009). Understanding interest group strategies: A case study of civic leaders collaborating with local government [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (1999, January 10). Back to America, Trailing His Legend. New York Times, 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerp, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kerp, 2002; Rajsbaum & García-Sastre, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rajsbaum & García-Sastre, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Tarduno et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Neetu et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics
ISSN (print)2092-5212
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Management Science and Operations Research

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