How to format your references using the The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gong, P. (2012). China’s new leaders must keep science in focus. Nature, 491(7423), 161.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knapp, S., & Mallet, J. (2003). Ecology. Refuting refugia? Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5616), 71–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, G. Z., Fray, D. J., & Farthing, T. W. (2000). Direct electrochemical reduction of titanium dioxide to titanium in molten calcium chloride. Nature, 407(6802), 361–364.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Isomura, T., Ito, H., Ogawa, S., & Masataka, N. (2014). Absence of predispositional attentional sensitivity to angry faces in children with autism spectrum disorders. Scientific Reports, 4, 7525.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Qiu, R. G. (2014). Service Science. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Machado, J. A. T. (2011). Nonlinear and Complex Dynamics: Applications in Physical, Biological, and Financial Systems (D. Baleanu & A. C. J. Luo, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rocon, E., & Pons, J. L. (2011). Upper Limb Exoskeleton for Tremor Suppression: Physical HR Interaction. In J. L. Pons (Ed.), Exoskeletons in Rehabilitation Robotics: Tremor Suppression (pp. 67–98). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 9). Ancient People Ate Porridge 32,000 Years Ago. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Denver International Airport: Baggage Handling, Contracting, and Other Issues (RCED-95-241FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ficchi, G. (2017). A Qualitative Inquiry: Parental Approaches and Expectations, What Role Does Disability Play? [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, September 28). Film Series. New York Times, C21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gong, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Gong, 2012; Knapp & Mallet, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knapp & Mallet, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Chen et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Isomura et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics
ISSN (print)2092-5212
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Management Science and Operations Research

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