How to format your references using the The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2000). Inadequate optics “threat to US laser facility.” Nature, 403(6766), 120.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grumbine, R. E., & Xu, J. (2011). Environment and development. Mekong hydropower development. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6026), 178–179.
A journal article with 3 authors
Devincre, B., Hoc, T., & Kubin, L. (2008). Dislocation mean free paths and strain hardening of crystals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5884), 1745–1748.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yamaguchi, Y., Suzuki, M., Motoyama, T., Sugii, S., Katagiri, C., Takahira, K., Ikeda, S., Yamada, H., & Nakayama, K.-I. (2014). Photoprecursor approach as an effective means for preparing multilayer organic semiconducting thin films by solution processes. Scientific Reports, 4, 7151.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bielecki, T. R., Brigo, D., & Patras, F. (2011). Credit Risk Frontiers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gore, A. C. (Ed.). (2007). Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals: From Basic Research to Clinical Practice. Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, J. J., & Tong, X. (2016). Genomic Applications of the Neyman–Pearson Classification Paradigm. In K.-C. Wong (Ed.), Big Data Analytics in Genomics (pp. 145–167). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, August 4). King Arthur’s Birthplace May Have Just Been Found By Archaeologists. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Gas Pipeline Safety: Views on Proposed Legislation to Reauthorize Pipeline Safety Provisions (GAO-06-1027T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wood, E. D. (2017). A Study of the Effect of Grouping Students and Results on the Ohio Achievement Assessment for Reading [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, January 16). Supreme Court Limits Lawsuits by Shareholders. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Grumbine & Xu, 2011; Macilwain, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grumbine & Xu, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Devincre et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yamaguchi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics
ISSN (print)2092-5212
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Management Science and Operations Research

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