How to format your references using the The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garber, K. (2012). Genetics: Deep exploration. Nature, 492(7429), S56-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sonderegger, P., & Patthy, L. (2007). Comment on “Tequila, a neurotrypsin ortholog, regulates long-term memory formation in Drosophila.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5832), 1698; author reply 1698.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lutz, W., Sanderson, W., & Scherbov, S. (2001). The end of world population growth. Nature, 412(6846), 543–545.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Brissett, N. C., Pitcher, R. S., Juarez, R., Picher, A. J., Green, A. J., Dafforn, T. R., … Doherty, A. J. (2007). Structure of a NHEJ polymerase-mediated DNA synaptic complex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5849), 456–459.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, R. C.-H. (2008). RF Circuit Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tuniz, C. (2010). I lettori di ossa. (R. Gillespie & C. Jones, Eds.). Milano: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gramchev, T., Pilipović, S., & Rodino, L. (2010). Global Regularity and Stability in S-Spaces for Classes of Degenerate Shubin Operators. In B.-W. Schulze & M. W. Wong (Eds.), Pseudo-Differential Operators: Complex Analysis and Partial Differential Equations: International Workshop, York University, Canada, August 4–8, 2008 (pp. 81–90). Basel: Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, October 4). Exotic Matter Research Wins The Nobel Prize In Physics. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Space Acquisitions: Government and Industry Partners Face Substantial Challenges in Developing New DOD Space Systems (No. GAO-09-648T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pham, M. M.-X. (2017). Flymed Pharmacy, LLC, Home Delivery Services a Business Plan (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2016, April 5). With Suit, Hedge Funds Seek to Freeze the Assets of a Top Puerto Rico Bank. New York Times, p. B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Garber, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Garber, 2012; Sonderegger & Patthy, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sonderegger & Patthy, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Lutz, Sanderson, & Scherbov, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Brissett et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics
ISSN (print)2092-5212
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Management Science and Operations Research

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