How to format your references using the The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blank, D. A. (2008). Chemistry. A sideways glance at chemical reactivity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5904), 1056–1057.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang, X., & Su, H. (2014). Cuprate-like electronic properties in superlattices with Ag(II)F₂ square sheet. Scientific Reports, 4, 5420.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meek, S. A., Conrad, H., & Meijer, G. (2009). Trapping molecules on a chip. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5935), 1699–1702.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ho, P. K., Kim, J. S., Burroughes, J. H., Becker, H., Li, S. F., Brown, T. M., … Friend, R. H. (2000). Molecular-scale interface engineering for polymer light-emitting diodes. Nature, 404(6777), 481–484.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonem, J. M. (2011). Problem Solving for Process Operators and Specialists. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bal, P. M., Kooij, D. T. A. M., & Rousseau, D. M. (Eds.). (2015). Aging Workers and the Employee-Employer Relationship. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sulaiman, H., & Wickramasinghe, N. (2012). Assimilation of Healthcare Information Systems (HIS): An Analysis and Critique. In N. Wickramasinghe, R. Bali, R. Suomi, & S. Kirn (Eds.), Critical Issues for the Development of Sustainable E-health Solutions (pp. 49–70). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, July 22). Study Links Alcohol To Seven Types Of Cancer. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Achieving Greater Economies in Data Processing in Federal Government (No. 115926). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lintott, R. W. (2010). The manipulation of time perception in John Adams’s “Doctor Atomic” (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, K. (2012, August 1). Olympic Ideal Takes Beating In Badminton. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kearns, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Hilton, 2015; Sheil, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang & Su, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Meek, Conrad, & Meijer, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Brawand et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics
ISSN (print)2092-5212
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Management Science and Operations Research

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