How to format your references using the The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bakker, K. (2012). Water management. Water security: research challenges and opportunities. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6097), 914–915.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson, T. V., & Lunine, J. I. (2005). Saturn’s moon Phoebe as a captured body from the outer Solar System. Nature, 435(7038), 69–71.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goda, K., Tsia, K. K., & Jalali, B. (2009). Serial time-encoded amplified imaging for real-time observation of fast dynamic phenomena. Nature, 458(7242), 1145–1149.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Quintyne, N. J., Reing, J. E., Hoffelder, D. R., Gollin, S. M., & Saunders, W. S. (2005). Spindle multipolarity is prevented by centrosomal clustering. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5706), 127–129.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wills, B. (2016). Purposely Profitable. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Yang, X.-S., & Koziel, S. (Eds.). (2011). Computational Optimization and Applications in Engineering and Industry (Vol. 359). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rajčáni, J., & Kúdelová, M. (2007). Murid Herpesvirus 4 (MuHV-4): An Animal Model for Human Gammaherpesvirus Research. In J. Minarovits, E. Gonczol, & T. Valyi-Nagy (Eds.), Latency Strategies of Herpesviruses (pp. 102–136). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, July 21). What Lies Beneath Antarctica’s Ice? Lakes, Life And The Grandest Of Canyons. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Federal Student Loans: Patterns in Tuition, Enrollment, and Federal Stafford Loan Borrowing Up to the 2007-08 Loan Limit Increase (GAO-11-470R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chen, M. S. (2014). Emergency shelter for abused and neglected elders A grant proposal project [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz, M. (2017, May 8). Two Ex-Correction Officials Deny Clearing Trips to Maine. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bakker, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bakker, 2012; Johnson & Lunine, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnson & Lunine, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Goda et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Quintyne et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics
ISSN (print)2092-5212
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Management Science and Operations Research

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