How to format your references using the Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schon, G. (2000). Superconducting nanowires. Nature, 404(6781), 948–949.
A journal article with 2 authors
Etienne-Manneville, S., & Hall, A. (2002). Rho GTPases in cell biology. Nature, 420(6916), 629–635.
A journal article with 3 authors
Risk, J. M., Macknight, R. C., & Day, C. L. (2008). FCA does not bind abscisic acid. Nature, 456(7223), E5-6.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Daniels, M. J., Wang, Y., Lee, M., & Venkitaraman, A. R. (2004). Abnormal cytokinesis in cells deficient in the breast cancer susceptibility protein BRCA2. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5697), 876–879.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Di Stefano, M. (2005). Distributed Data Management for Grid Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Vlamos, P., & Alexiou, A. (Eds.). (2015). GeNeDis 2014: Neurodegeneration (Vol. 822). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Etxebarria, N., Navarro, P., Prieto, A., Olivares, M., Usobiaga, A., Fernández, L. A., & Zuloaga, O. (2012). Extraction Procedures for Organic Pollutants Determination in Water. In E. Lichtfouse, J. Schwarzbauer, & D. Robert (Eds.), Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World: Volume 2: Remediation of Air and Water Pollution (pp. 171–235). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, November 17). Thousands Of Dying Fish Flood A Canal In New York. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Status and Issues Relating to the Space Transportation System (PSAD-76-73). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Neil, D. M. (2013). Climate frequencies of the early Holocene from Foy Lake, Montana [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. (2016, November 7). Fatal Blows: Kind to the Planet, Not to Bats. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schon, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Etienne-Manneville & Hall, 2002; Schon, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Etienne-Manneville & Hall, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Risk et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Daniels et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)1687-8507

Other styles