How to format your references using the Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shaw, R. J. (2013). Cell biology. GATORs take a bite out of mTOR. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6136), 1056–1057.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knorr, G., & Lohmann, G. (2003). Southern Ocean origin for the resumption of Atlantic thermohaline circulation during deglaciation. Nature, 424(6948), 532–536.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Z., Pakoulev, A., & Dlott, D. D. (2002). Watching vibrational energy transfer in liquids with atomic spatial resolution. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5576), 2201–2203.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Abbaszadeh, S., Scott, C. C., Bubon, O., Reznik, A., & Karim, K. S. (2013). Enhanced detection efficiency of direct conversion X-ray detector using polyimide as hole-blocking layer. Scientific Reports, 3, 3360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laykin, E. (2013). Investigative Computer Forensics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shetty, K., & Wu, G. Y. (Eds.). (2010). Chronic Viral Hepatitis: Diagnosis and Therapeutics. Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Kono, S., & Aihara, K. (2016). Prototype of Decision Support Based on Estimation of Group Status Using Conversation Analysis. In S. Yamamoto (Ed.), Human Interface and the Management of Information: Applications and Services: 18th International Conference, HCI International 2016 Toronto, Canada, July 17-22, 2016. Proceedings, Part II (pp. 40–49). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, November 25). Small Brain Region Plays Big Role In Decision Making. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). District of Columbia Public Education: Agencies Have Enhanced Internal Controls Over Federal Payments for School Improvement, But More Consistent Monitoring Needed (GAO-11-16). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, G. (2013). Development of a nutrition-based curriculum for farm-to-school programs for the fourth and fifth grades [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2012, August 1). S.E.C. Suggests Reforms Of Municipal Bond Market. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shaw, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Knorr & Lohmann, 2003; Shaw, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knorr & Lohmann, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Wang et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Abbaszadeh et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)1687-8507

Other styles