How to format your references using the Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cresko, W. A. (2008). Evolution. Armor development and fitness. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5899), 204–206.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sung, C. O., & Sohn, I. (2014). The expression pattern of 19 genes predicts the histology of endometrial carcinoma. Scientific Reports, 4, 5174.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peng, Y., Maiolino, R., & Cochrane, R. (2015). Strangulation as the primary mechanism for shutting down star formation in galaxies. Nature, 521(7551), 192–195.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhao, W., Sun, Y., Balsam, W., Lu, H., Liu, L., Chen, J., & Ji, J. (2014). Hf-Nd isotopic variability in mineral dust from Chinese and Mongolian deserts: implications for sources and dispersal. Scientific Reports, 4, 5837.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wexler, S., Shaffer, J., & Cotgreave, A. (2017). The Big Book of Dashboards. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lin, C. Y.-Y. (2014). National Intellectual Capital and the Financial Crisis in Indonesia, Malaysia, The Philippines, and Thailand (L. Edvinsson, J. Chen, & T. Beding, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Milton, K. A., & Schwinger, J. (2006). Transmission Lines. In J. Schwinger (Ed.), Electromagnetic Radiation: Variational Methods, Waveguides and Accelerators (pp. 95–101). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, June 29). Skin Cancer Drug Allows Fruit Flies to Live Longer. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Automation in the Workplace: Barriers, Impact on the Work Force, and the Federal Role (No. 118784). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Finnegan, R. J. (2010). Information food webs: A quantitative inquiry using a biological food web methodology [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. (2012, September 2). A Vote for Small. New York Times, ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cresko, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Cresko, 2008; Sung & Sohn, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sung & Sohn, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Peng et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)1687-8507

Other styles