How to format your references using the Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chyba, C. F. (2000). Energy for microbial life on Europa. Nature, 403(6768), 381–382.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vafai, S. B., & Mootha, V. K. (2012). Mitochondrial disorders as windows into an ancient organelle. Nature, 491(7424), 374–383.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu, D., Searles, M. A., & Klug, A. (2003). Crystal structure of a zinc-finger-RNA complex reveals two modes of molecular recognition. Nature, 426(6962), 96–100.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xiao, H., Murakami, H., Suga, H., & Ferré-D’Amaré, A. R. (2008). Structural basis of specific tRNA aminoacylation by a small in vitro selected ribozyme. Nature, 454(7202), 358–361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radcliff, P. B. (2017). Modern Spain. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Antoniou, G., Grobelnik, M., Simperl, E., Parsia, B., Plexousakis, D., Leenheer, P. D., & Pan, J. (Eds.). (2011). The Semanic Web: Research and Applications: 8th Extended Semantic Web Conference, ESWC 2011, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, May 29 – June 2, 2011, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 6644). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mattner, S. W. (2006). THE IMPACT OF PATHOGENS ON PLANT INTERFERENCE AND ALLELOPATHY. In INDERJIT & K. G. Mukerji (Eds.), Allelochemicals: Biological Control of Plant Pathogens and Diseases (pp. 79–101). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 14). This Is What Viper Venom Does To Blood. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). Telecommunications: Additional Action Needed to Address Significant Risks in FCC’s Lifeline Program (No. GAO-17-538). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grijalva, J. A. (2010). Exploring cultural finance: A phenomenological approach to comparative cultural perceptions of money in Mexico (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2009, October 11). If It’s on a Bun, It’s a Burger. New York Times, p. NJ13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chyba, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Chyba, 2000; Vafai & Mootha, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vafai & Mootha, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Lu, Searles, & Klug, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xiao, Murakami, Suga, & Ferré-D’Amaré, 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)1687-8507

Other styles