How to format your references using the Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pain, E. (2007). Science careers. European programs offer translational training. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5840), 968–969.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hor, H., & Tafti, M. (2009). Physiology. How much sleep do we need? Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5942), 825–826.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chang, P., Jacobson, M. K., & Mitchison, T. J. (2004). Poly(ADP-ribose) is required for spindle assembly and structure. Nature, 432(7017), 645–649.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mouquet, H., Scheid, J. F., Zoller, M. J., Krogsgaard, M., Ott, R. G., Shukair, S., Artyomov, M. N., Pietzsch, J., Connors, M., Pereyra, F., Walker, B. D., Ho, D. D., Wilson, P. C., Seaman, M. S., Eisen, H. N., Chakraborty, A. K., Hope, T. J., Ravetch, J. V., Wardemann, H., & Nussenzweig, M. C. (2010). Polyreactivity increases the apparent affinity of anti-HIV antibodies by heteroligation. Nature, 467(7315), 591–595.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vegh, A. (2010). Web Development with the Mac®. Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Patalano, R., & Reinert, S. A. (Eds.). (2016). Antonio Serra and the Economics of Good Government. Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Baruah, S., Bertogna, M., & Buttazzo, G. (2015). A Review of Selected Results on Uniprocessors. In M. Bertogna & G. Buttazzo (Eds.), Multiprocessor Scheduling for Real-Time Systems (pp. 29–33). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 1). NASA Wants to Send an Airplane to Mars. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Higher Education: Information on Incentive Compensation Violations Substantiated by the U.S. Department of Education (GAO-10-370R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Croghan, A. (2014). The Effects of Depressive Symptomatology, Intrusive Thinking, and Age on Cognitive Functioning [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, February 25). New Life Is Sought for ‘American Venice.’ New York Times, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pain, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Hor & Tafti, 2009; Pain, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hor & Tafti, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Chang et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mouquet et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Radiation Research and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)1687-8507

Other styles