How to format your references using the The American Journal of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The American Journal of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marder E. Moving rhythms. Nature. 2001;410(6830):755.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zebrowitz LA, Montepare JM. Psychology. Appearance DOES matter. Science. 2005;308(5728):1565-1566.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alston JM, Beddow JM, Pardey PG. Agriculture. Agricultural research, productivity, and food prices in the long run. Science. 2009;325(5945):1209-1210.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ohya T, Miaczynska M, Coskun U, et al. Reconstitution of Rab- and SNARE-dependent membrane fusion by synthetic endosomes. Nature. 2009;459(7250):1091-1097.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lu M. Arithmetic and Logic in Computer Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Milutinović D, Rosen J, eds. Redundancy in Robot Manipulators and Multi-Robot Systems. Vol 57. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Tam E, Sweeney T-A. Learning with iPads in Early Childhood Education. In: Orrell J, Curtis DD, eds. Publishing Higher Degree Research: Making the Transition from Student to Researcher. SensePublishers; 2016:43-52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The American Journal of Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Revealed: Asteroid That Killed The Dinosaurs Boiled The Earth’s Atmosphere. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority: Steps Taken to Address Financial Management and Safety Recommendations, but Financial Management Internal Controls Need Strengthening. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett JL. An examination of therapeutic recreation programs for veterans with combat-related disabilities and their families. Published online 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steinhauer J. Wounded Lawmaker Is Baseball Fan With ‘Soft-Glove Approach’ in House. New York Times. June 14, 2017:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe American Journal of Medicine
AbbreviationAm. J. Med.
ISSN (print)0002-9343
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles