How to format your references using the The American Journal of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The American Journal of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourzac K. Diagnosis: Early warning system. Nature. 2014;513(7517):S4-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheung AY, Wu H M. Plant biology. Pollen tube guidance--right on target. Science. 2001;293(5534):1441-1442.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mace GM, Gittleman JL, Purvis A. Preserving the tree of life. Science. 2003;300(5626):1707-1709.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gouridis G, Karamanou S, Gelis I, Kalodimos CG, Economou A. Signal peptides are allosteric activators of the protein translocase. Nature. 2009;462(7271):363-367.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Corley RHV, Tinker PB. The Oil Palm. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Cornelius K, Hermann D, eds. Virtual Worlds and Criminality. Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Hernandez AM, Peterson AL. Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders and Pain. In: Gatchel RJ, Schultz IZ, eds. Handbook of Occupational Health and Wellness. Springer US; 2012:63-85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The American Journal of Medicine.

Blog post
Hale T. Enormous Green Meteor Caught On Camera Above California. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Line-Item Control of Contractors’ Independent Research and Development and Bid and Proposal Costs. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams TA. Improving Scores on Computerized Reading Assessments: The Effects of Colored Overlay Use. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Foderaro LW, Rojas R. Husband Charged With Murder in Fatal Stabbing of Wife in a Placid Suburb. New York Times. January 22, 2016:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe American Journal of Medicine
AbbreviationAm. J. Med.
ISSN (print)0002-9343
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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