How to format your references using the The American Journal of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The American Journal of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hellemans A. Antihydrogen: through the looking glass. Nature. 2000;406(6796):556-558.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Thiele A, Stoner G. Neuronal synchrony does not correlate with motion coherence in cortical area MT. Nature. 2003;421(6921):366-370.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gu Y, Lee W, Shen J. Site-2 protease responds to oxidative stress and regulates oxidative injury in mammalian cells. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6268.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Noginov MA, Zhu G, Belgrave AM, et al. Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser. Nature. 2009;460(7259):1110-1112.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Mihajlovic-Madzarevic V. Clinical Trials Audit Preparation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Samuel CE, ed. Adenosine Deaminases Acting on RNA (ADARs) and A-to-I Editing. Vol 353. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Jantscher M, Ghosal R, Grasso A, Cole PH. A Security Primer. In: Cole PH, Ranasinghe DC, eds. Networked RFID Systems and Lightweight Cryptography: Raising Barriers to Product Counterfeiting. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008:79-98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The American Journal of Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Good Luck G7 Leaders – We Won’t Be Off Fossil Fuels By 2100. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/good-luck-g7-leaders-we-won-t-be-fossil-fuels-2100/. Published June 10, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Education Authority To Charge Student Financial Aid Application Fees. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Haire KK. Elucidation of the Role of Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase in Drug-Induced Toxicity. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW. Nonpayment on Bonds Would Have Consequences for Puerto Rico. New York Times. July 30, 2015:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe American Journal of Medicine
AbbreviationAm. J. Med.
ISSN (print)0002-9343
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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