How to format your references using the The American Journal of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The American Journal of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McLaughlin S. Cell biology. Tools to tamper with phosphoinositides. Science. 2006;314(5804):1402-1403.
A journal article with 2 authors
Siemers BM, Schnitzler H-U. Echolocation signals reflect niche differentiation in five sympatric congeneric bat species. Nature. 2004;429(6992):657-661.
A journal article with 3 authors
Butler SJ, Vickery JA, Norris K. Farmland biodiversity and the footprint of agriculture. Science. 2007;315(5810):381-384.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhao T, Hou C, Zhang H, et al. Electromagnetic wave absorbing properties of amorphous carbon nanotubes. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5619.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hickey R. A Dictionary of Varieties of English. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons; 2013.
An edited book
Husain Z. Women in Kolkata’s IT Sector: Satisficing Between Work and Household. (Dutta M, ed.). New Delhi: Springer India; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Lim YAL, Mahdy MAK, Surin J. Unravelling Cryptosporidium and Giardia in Southeast Asia. In: Lim YAL, Vythilingam I, eds. Parasites and Their Vectors: A Special Focus on Southeast Asia. Vienna: Springer; 2013:77-102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The American Journal of Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Fossils reveal how fish made transition from water to land. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Next Generation Air Transportation System: FAA Faces Challenges in Responding to Task Force Recommendations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vargas AR. Implementing modern geographic technology in the trucking industry: A case study. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. ‘Spring’ Festival as Rite of Refreshment. New York Times. March 31, 2013:AR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe American Journal of Medicine
AbbreviationAm. J. Med.
ISSN (print)0002-9343
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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