How to format your references using the The American Journal of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The American Journal of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Menzel D. Surface science. Water on a metal surface. Science. 2002;295(5552):58-59.
A journal article with 2 authors
Georgianna DR, Mayfield SP. Exploiting diversity and synthetic biology for the production of algal biofuels. Nature. 2012;488(7411):329-335.
A journal article with 3 authors
Victor DG, House JC, Joy S. Climate. A Madisonian approach to climate policy. Science. 2005;309(5742):1820-1821.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Arneth A, Unger N, Kulmala M, Andreae MO. Atmospheric science. Clean the air, heat the planet? Science. 2009;326(5953):672-673.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anjum B, Perros H. Bandwidth Allocation for Video Under Quality of Service Constraints. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
Caffrey M. Expert Oracle Practices: Oracle Database Administration from the Oak Table. (Finnigan P, Geist R, Gorbachev A, et al., eds.). Apress; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Seidl C, Pogorelskiy K, Traub S. Uniform Measures. In: Pogorelskiy K, Traub S, eds. Tax Progression in OECD Countries: An Integrative Analysis of Tax Schedules and Income Distributions. Springer; 2013:27-68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The American Journal of Medicine.

Blog post
Hamilton K. FDA Warns Common Food Ingredient Can Be Fatal To Dogs. IFLScience. Published May 18, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Study of Guaranteed Student Loan Bankruptcy. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Li S. Semiconductor and metal oxide nanoparticles: Synthesis, physical properties and industrial application. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G. New Truths That Only One Can See. New York Times. January 21, 2014:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe American Journal of Medicine
AbbreviationAm. J. Med.
ISSN (print)0002-9343
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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