How to format your references using the The American Journal of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The American Journal of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gopnik A. Scientific thinking in young children: theoretical advances, empirical research, and policy implications. Science. 2012;337(6102):1623-1627.
A journal article with 2 authors
Collier P, Alles CM. Materials science. Materials ecology: an industrial perspective. Science. 2010;330(6006):919-920.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li CW, Ciston J, Kanan MW. Electroreduction of carbon monoxide to liquid fuel on oxide-derived nanocrystalline copper. Nature. 2014;508(7497):504-507.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yu P, Yan Y, Gu Q, Wang X. Codon optimisation improves the expression of Trichoderma viride sp. endochitinase in Pichia pastoris. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3043.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberty RA. Thermodynamics of Biochemical Reactions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Pan Z, Cheok AD, Müller W, Zhang X, Wong K, eds. Transactions on Edutainment IV. Vol 6250. Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Karemore A, Ramalingam D, Yadav G, Subramanian G, Sen R. Photobioreactors for Improved Algal Biomass Production: Analysis and Design Considerations. In: Das D, ed. Algal Biorefinery: An Integrated Approach. Springer International Publishing; 2015:103-124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The American Journal of Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Modified HIV Cures Rare Genetic Disorder In Children. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Better Guidance Would Improve ADP Evaluations in Support of the Federal Managers’ Financial Integrity Act of 1982]. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yelkenci S. Algorithmic Music Composition Using Linear Algebra. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Inquiry Focuses on White House Role in Preserving Union Pensions at Delphi. New York Times. September 15, 2010:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe American Journal of Medicine
AbbreviationAm. J. Med.
ISSN (print)0002-9343
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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