How to format your references using the Educational Research Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Research Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sessler, A. M. (2000). Setbacks don’t dampen the energy of US physics. Nature, 405(6788), 733.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhu, Z., & Hoffman, J. E. (2014). Condensed-matter physics: Catching relativistic electrons. Nature, 513(7518), 319–320.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bressan, M., Liu, G., & Mikawa, T. (2013). Early mesodermal cues assign avian cardiac pacemaker fate potential in a tertiary heart field. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6133), 744–748.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hickenboth, C. R., Moore, J. S., White, S. R., Sottos, N. R., Baudry, J., & Wilson, S. R. (2007). Biasing reaction pathways with mechanical force. Nature, 446(7134), 423–427.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cann, A. J. (2004). Mathe für Biologen. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Greiner, W. (Ed.). (2013). Exciting Interdisciplinary Physics: Quarks and Gluons / Atomic Nuclei / Relativity and Cosmology / Biological Systems. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rens, G., Meyer, T., & Lakemeyer, G. (2015). A Logic for Reasoning About Decision-Theoretic Projections. In B. Duval, J. van den Herik, S. Loiseau, & J. Filipe (Eds.), Agents and Artificial Intelligence: 7th International Conference, ICAART 2015, Lisbon, Portugal, January 10-12, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 79–99). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Research Review.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, October 19). US Astronaut Scott Kelly Breaks Record For Most Time In Space. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Information Technology: DOD and VA Have Increased Their Sharing of Health Information, but Further Actions Are Needed (GAO-08-1158T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Young, J. L. (2010). A community college’s loss of accreditation: A case study [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, September 22). A Rich Baseball History, Now on Display. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sessler, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Sessler, 2000; Zhu & Hoffman, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhu & Hoffman, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Bressan et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hickenboth et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Research Review
AbbreviationEduc. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)1747-938X

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