How to format your references using the Educational Research Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Research Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourzac, K. (2015). Batteries: 4 big questions. Nature, 526(7575), S105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown, S. P., & Hestrin, S. (2009). Intracortical circuits of pyramidal neurons reflect their long-range axonal targets. Nature, 457(7233), 1133–1136.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schultz, P. H., Staid, M. I., & Pieters, C. M. (2006). Lunar activity from recent gas release. Nature, 444(7116), 184–186.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Philippa, B., Stolterfoht, M., Burn, P. L., Juška, G., Meredith, P., White, R. D., & Pivrikas, A. (2014). The impact of hot charge carrier mobility on photocurrent losses in polymer-based solar cells. Scientific Reports, 4, 5695.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lißner, K., & Rug, W. (2016). Der Eurocode 5 für Deutschland Eurocode 5: Bemessung und Konstruktion von Holzbauten. Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG.
An edited book
Pan, Z., Cheok, A. D., Müller, W., & Rhalibi, A. E. (Eds.). (2009). Transactions on Edutainment II (Vol. 5660). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Trindade, L. A., Wang, H., Blackburn, W., & Rooney, N. (2013). An Enhanced Semantic Tree Kernel for Sentiment Polarity Classification. In A. Gelbukh (Ed.), Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing: 14th International Conference, CICLing 2013, Samos, Greece, March 24-30, 2013, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 50–62). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Research Review.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, April 3). You Too Could Be Multilingual – It’s Just About Unlocking The Skills Inside. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Problems in the Federal Funding of School Bus Driver Training Programs (CED-77-60). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zarate Ramirez, F. (2012). Pedagogical and performance approach to selected bel canto songs and arias of Bellini and Donizetti [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2008, February 24). A Little Taste Of France. New York Times, NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bourzac, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bourzac, 2015; Brown & Hestrin, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brown & Hestrin, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Schultz et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Philippa et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Research Review
AbbreviationEduc. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)1747-938X

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