How to format your references using the Educational Research Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Research Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glassmeier, K.-H. (2009). Planetary science. Magnetic twisters on Mercury. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5927), 597–598.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chang, M., & Lingner, J. (2008). Cell signaling. Tel2 finally tells one story. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5872), 60–61.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daw, R., Finkelstein, J., & Helmer, M. (2012). Chemistry and energy. Nature, 488(7411), 293.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Antonaglia, J., Xie, X., Schwarz, G., Wraith, M., Qiao, J., Zhang, Y., Liaw, P. K., Uhl, J. T., & Dahmen, K. A. (2014). Tuned critical avalanche scaling in bulk metallic glasses. Scientific Reports, 4, 4382.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bai, Q., Bai, Y., & Ruan, W. (2017). Advances in Pipes and Pipelines. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tavares, J. M. R. S., & Natal Jorge, R. M. (Eds.). (2015). Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences: Methods and Applications: ICCEBS 2013 -- International Conference on Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences (Vol. 21). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhasker, J., & Chadha, R. (2009). Delay Calculation. In J. Bhasker (Ed.), Static Timing Analysis for Nanometer Designs: A Practical Approach (pp. 123–146). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Research Review.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015, August 22). One Of The Rarest Animals In The World Makes A Surprise Appearance. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Selected Aspects of the Army’s Aviation Maintenance Program (092929). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Byrne, S. M. (2008). Metabolic and pathological role of retinyl esters: The role of lecithin:retinol acyl transferase, (LRAT) [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1998, March 15). Cobble Hill as Baden-Baden. New York Times, 1410.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Glassmeier, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Chang & Lingner, 2008; Glassmeier, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chang & Lingner, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Daw et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Antonaglia et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Research Review
AbbreviationEduc. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)1747-938X

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