How to format your references using the Educational Research Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Research Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robock, A. (2002). Pinatubo eruption. The climatic aftermath. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5558), 1242–1244.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, X., & Tung, K.-K. (2014). Climate. Varying planetary heat sink led to global-warming slowdown and acceleration. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6199), 897–903.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bliokh, K. Y., Smirnova, D., & Nori, F. (2015). OPTICS. Quantum spin Hall effect of light. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6242), 1448–1451.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Knoll, A. H., Walter, M. R., Narbonne, G. M., & Christie-Blick, N. (2004). Geology. A new period for the geologic time scale. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5684), 621–622.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zonnenshain, A., & Stauber, S. (2015). Managing and Engineering Complex Technological Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Busco, C., Frigo, M. L., Riccaboni, A., & Quattrone, P. (Eds.). (2013). Integrated Reporting: Concepts and Cases that Redefine Corporate Accountability. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
LeBlanc, S. A. (2014). Warfare and Human Nature. In T. K. Shackelford & R. D. Hansen (Eds.), The Evolution of Violence (pp. 73–97). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Research Review.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, June 20). New Paper Explains How The “Impossible’ EM Drive Might Work. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Social Security: Telephone Access to Local Field Offices (HRD-91-112). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pak, C. H. (2015). A study of high-performing at-risk high school students and their perceptions on academic success and achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey, M. (2013, November 15). Shooting of Black Woman Stirs Racial Tensions Around Detroit. New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robock, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Chen & Tung, 2014; Robock, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen & Tung, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Bliokh et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Knoll et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Research Review
AbbreviationEduc. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)1747-938X

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