How to format your references using the Educational Research Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Research Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball, P. (2001). Life’s lessons in design. Nature, 409(6818), 413–416.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gulev, S. K., & Latif, M. (2015). Ocean science: The origins of a climate oscillation. Nature, 521(7553), 428–430.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ioannou, C. C., Guttal, V., & Couzin, I. D. (2012). Predatory fish select for coordinated collective motion in virtual prey. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6099), 1212–1215.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yum, J.-H., Holcombe, T. W., Kim, Y., Rakstys, K., Moehl, T., Teuscher, J., … Grätzel, M. (2013). Blue-coloured highly efficient dye-sensitized solar cells by implementing the diketopyrrolopyrrole chromophore. Scientific Reports, 3, 2446.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mather, P. M., & Koch, M. (2011). Computer Processing of Remotely-Sensed Images. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ferrández Vicente, J. M., Álvarez-Sánchez, J. R., de la Paz López, F., Toledo-Moreo, F. J., & Adeli, H. (Eds.). (2015). Bioinspired Computation in Artificial Systems: International Work-Conference on the Interplay Between Natural and Artificial Computation, IWINAC 2015, Elche, Spain, June 1-5, 2015, Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ott, H. C., & Taylor, D. A. (2006). Myoblast Cell Transplantation: Preclinical Studies. In N. Dib, D. A. Taylor, & E. B. Diethrich (Eds.), Stem Cell Therapy and Tissue Engineering for Cardiovascular Repair: From Basic Research to Clinical Applications (pp. 81–93). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Research Review.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, February 16). The Vaccine Safety Challenge Is Beyond Stupid. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). NASA Workforce: Briefing on National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Use of Term Appointments (No. GAO-08-920R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kashyap, S. K. (2017). Bit Error Rate Performance of 4x2 Space-Time MIMO-OFDM Conjugate Cancellation Techniques (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, July 28). An Underachieving Symbol of the Mets’ Lost Decade. New York Times, p. B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Ball, 2001; Gulev & Latif, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gulev & Latif, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Ioannou, Guttal, & Couzin, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yum et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Research Review
AbbreviationEduc. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)1747-938X

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