How to format your references using the Educational Research Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Research Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mackinnon, R. (2005). Structural biology. Membrane protein insertion and stability. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5714), 1425–1426.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rosenberg, S. M., & Hastings, P. J. (2003). Microbiology and evolution. Modulating mutation rates in the wild. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5624), 1382–1383.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mochizuki, K., Matsumoto, M., & Ohmine, I. (2013). Defect pair separation as the controlling step in homogeneous ice melting. Nature, 498(7454), 350–354.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mao, B., Wu, W., Li, Y., Hoppe, D., Stannek, P., Glinka, A., & Niehrs, C. (2001). LDL-receptor-related protein 6 is a receptor for Dickkopf proteins. Nature, 411(6835), 321–325.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meiswinkel, R., Meyer, J., & Schnell, J. (2013). Design and Construction of Nuclear Power Plants. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Zvacek, S., Restivo, M. T., Uhomoibhi, J., & Helfert, M. (Eds.). (2016). Computer Supported Education: 7th International Conference, CSEDU 2015, Lisbon, Portugal, May 23-25, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (1st ed. 2016, Vol. 583). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Faure, C. (2013). Visceral Sensitivity. In C. Faure, C. Di Lorenzo, & N. Thapar (Eds.), Pediatric Neurogastroenterology: Gastrointestinal Motility and Functional Disorders in Children (pp. 37–48). Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Research Review.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, February 23). Democrat And Republican Lawmakers Rally Against Anti-Vaxxer Movement. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Supercomputing in Industry (T-IMTEC-91-5). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brothers, J. (2009). Nonparametric regression using wavelet transformations and noise reduction in audio signals [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Paulson, M. (2017, August 20). The Musical That Toppled a Confederate Statue. New York Times, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mackinnon, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Mackinnon, 2005; Rosenberg & Hastings, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rosenberg & Hastings, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Mochizuki et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mao et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Research Review
AbbreviationEduc. Res. Rev.
ISSN (print)1747-938X

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