How to format your references using the Technovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Technovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yartsev, M.M., 2013. Eppendorf. Space bats: multidimensional spatial representation in the bat. Science 342, 573–574.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steiner, L., Ploegh, H., 2014. Herman Eisen (1918-2014). Nature 516, 38.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grant, A.N., Brönnimann, S., Haimberger, L., 2008. Recent Arctic warming vertical structure contested. Nature 455, E2-3; discussion E4-5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dickson, J.L., Head, J.W., Levy, J.S., Marchant, D.R., 2013. Don Juan Pond, Antarctica: near-surface CaCl(2)-brine feeding Earth’s most saline lake and implications for Mars. Sci. Rep. 3, 1166.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rassool, G.H., 2010. Addiction for Nurses. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Cohen, A.J., Mercandetti, M., Brazzo, B. (Eds.), 2015. The Lacrimal System: Diagnosis, Management, and Surgery, Second Edition, 2nd ed. 2015. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Miradi, M., Molenaar, A.A.A., van de Ven, M.F.C., 2009. Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining Using Artificial Intelligence to Unravel Porous Asphalt Concrete in the Netherlands, in: Gopalakrishnan, K., Ceylan, H., Attoh-Okine, N.O. (Eds.), Intelligent and Soft Computing in Infrastructure Systems Engineering: Recent Advances, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 107–176.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Technovation.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Trees Make Ants Chemically Dependent, Turn Them Into Indentured Servants [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Space Shuttle: External Tank Procurement Does Not Comply With Competition in Contracting Act (No. NSIAD-89-62). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monforton, C., 2008. Evaluation of the impact of a mandatory safety training regulation on occupational injury and fatality rates among U.S. stone, sand and gravel miners (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2006. Replacing Yellow Buses, With Green in Mind. New York Times 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yartsev, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Steiner and Ploegh, 2014; Yartsev, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Steiner and Ploegh, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Dickson et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTechnovation
ISSN (print)0166-4972
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
General Engineering

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