How to format your references using the Technovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Technovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaplan, A.E., 2004. The long and the short of it. Nature 431, 633.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wu-Baer, F., Baer, R., 2001. Effect of DNA damage on a BRCA1 complex. Nature 414, 36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Blackburn, E.H., Epel, E.S., Lin, J., 2015. Human telomere biology: A contributory and interactive factor in aging, disease risks, and protection. Science 350, 1193–1198.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ligi, M., Bonatti, E., Cipriani, A., Ottolini, L., 2005. Water-rich basalts at mid-ocean-ridge cold spots. Nature 434, 66–69.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dods, R.F., 2013. Understanding Diabetes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Carr, J.C., Carroll, T.J. (Eds.), 2012. Magnetic Resonance Angiography: Principles and Applications. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Nygreen, B., Haugen, K., 2010. Applied Mathematical Programming in Norwegian Petroleum Field and Pipeline Development: Some Highlights from the Last 30 Years, in: Bjørndal, E., Bjørndal, M., Pardalos, P.M., Rönnqvist, M. (Eds.), Energy, Natural Resources and Environmental Economics, Energy Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 59–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Technovation.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. DNA Study Confirms That This Bizarre Venomous Mammal Diverged From Other Mammals Long Before The Extinction Of The Dinosaurs [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Factors Affecting Concentration in the Airline Industry (No. T-RCED-88-65). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sato, O., 2010. The use of statistical metrics as a decision making tool in brief experimental analysis (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey, M., 2012. Limits on Unions Pass in Michigan, Once a Mainstay. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaplan, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Kaplan, 2004; Wu-Baer and Baer, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wu-Baer and Baer, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Ligi et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleTechnovation
ISSN (print)0166-4972
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
General Engineering

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