How to format your references using the Technovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Technovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kempton, E.M.R., 2014. Extrasolar planets: Window on a watery world. Nature 513, 493–494.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zinkernagel, R.M., Hengartner, H., 2001. Regulation of the immune response by antigen. Science 293, 251–253.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, Z., White, P.S., Brookhart, M., 2010. Ligand exchanges and selective catalytic hydrogenation in molecular single crystals. Nature 465, 598–601.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Imanishi, Y., Sato, T., Higashi, T., Sun, W., Okubo, S., 2004. A network of superconducting gravimeters detects submicrogal coseismic gravity changes. Science 306, 476–478.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, L., Tan, K.C., 2005. Modern Industrial Automation Software Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Thomas, D. (Ed.), 2006. ECOOP 2006 – Object-Oriented Programming: 20th European Conference, Nantes, France, July 3-7, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Pronzato, L., Pázman, A., 2013. Local Optimality Criteria Based on Asymptotic Normality, in: Pázman, A. (Ed.), Design of Experiments in Nonlinear Models: Asymptotic Normality, Optimality Criteria and Small-Sample Properties, Lecture Notes in Statistics. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 105–165.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Technovation.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Scientists Warn We Are Approaching The Next Mass Extinction [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs to Implement an Effective Testing Program (No. IMTEC-89-62). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mardakhanian, A., 2015. Blended CME, Inc. A business plan (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Art’s but a Walking Shadow. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kempton, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kempton, 2014; Zinkernagel and Hengartner, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zinkernagel and Hengartner, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Imanishi et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleTechnovation
ISSN (print)0166-4972
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
General Engineering

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