How to format your references using the Technovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Technovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mackay, A.L., 2001. Character-building. Nature 410, 19.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fu, H., Cohen, R.E., 2000. Polarization rotation mechanism for ultrahigh electromechanical response in single-crystal piezoelectrics. Nature 403, 281–283.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schweitzer, M.H., Wittmeyer, J.L., Horner, J.R., 2005. Gender-specific reproductive tissue in ratites and Tyrannosaurus rex. Science 308, 1456–1460.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Eguchi, F.C., Faria, E.F., Scapulatempo Neto, C., Longatto-Filho, A., Zanardo-Oliveira, C., Taboga, S.R., Campos, S.G.P., 2014. The role of TMPRSS2:ERG in molecular stratification of PCa and its association with tumor aggressiveness: a study in Brazilian patients. Sci. Rep. 4, 5640.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Afoakwa, E.O., 2016. Chocolate Science and Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Di Saverio, S., Catena, F., Ansaloni, L., Coccolini, F., Velmahos, G. (Eds.), 2016. Acute Care Surgery Handbook: Volume 2 Common Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Emergencies. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Soga, M., Kashimori, Y., 2008. Neural Mechanism for Extracting Object Features Critical for Visual Categorization Task, in: Ishikawa, M., Doya, K., Miyamoto, H., Yamakawa, T. (Eds.), Neural Information Processing: 14th International Conference, ICONIP 2007, Kitakyushu, Japan, November 13-16, 2007, Revised Selected Papers, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 27–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Technovation.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Rip Currents Are A Natural Hazard Along Our Coasts – Here’s How To Spot Them [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Airline Competition: Cargo Airline Has Enhanced Competition in Hawaii but Faces an Uncertain Future (No. RCED-98-156). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frey, E.F., 2008. Technology diffusion and environmental regulation: Evidence from electric power plants under the Clean Air Act (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M., 2017. Tight Tony Battles and Sure Bets. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mackay, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Fu and Cohen, 2000; Mackay, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fu and Cohen, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Eguchi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTechnovation
ISSN (print)0166-4972
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
General Engineering

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