How to format your references using the Technovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Technovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Micoli, K., 2005. Scientists and societies. Postdoc problems--postdoc solutions. Nature 434, 1050.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yao, T., Cohen, R.E., 2002. A cryptic protease couples deubiquitination and degradation by the proteasome. Nature 419, 403–407.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nam, K.H., Park, I.H., Ko, S.H., 2012. Patterning by controlled cracking. Nature 485, 221–224.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lu, P.J., Zaccarelli, E., Ciulla, F., Schofield, A.B., Sciortino, F., Weitz, D.A., 2008. Gelation of particles with short-range attraction. Nature 453, 499–503.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grigg, N.S., 2010. Infrastructure Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kaye, A.D., Vadivelu, N., Urman, R.D. (Eds.), 2015. Substance Abuse: Inpatient and Outpatient Management for Every Clinician. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Wachenfeld, S., Terlunen, S., Jiang, X., 2010. Robust 1-D Barcode Recognition on Camera Phones and Mobile Product Information Display, in: Jiang, X., Ma, M.Y., Chen, C.W. (Eds.), Mobile Multimedia Processing: Fundamentals, Methods, and Applications, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 53–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Technovation.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Dramatic Photographs Of Hawaii’s Rising Lava Lake Levels [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Weather Forecasting: NWS Has Not Demonstrated That New Processing System Will Improve Mission Effectiveness (No. AIMD-96-29). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wheaton, H.F., 2012. The Relationship between Team Captains’ Leadership Styles and Team Performance (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Bruce Arrived in Camp Expecting to Stay With Team. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Micoli, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Micoli, 2005; Yao and Cohen, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yao and Cohen, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleTechnovation
ISSN (print)0166-4972
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
General Engineering

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