How to format your references using the Technovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Technovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Braun, D.M., 2012. Plant science. SWEET! The pathway is complete. Science 335, 173–174.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gerst, A., Savage, M.K., 2004. Seismic anisotropy beneath Ruapehu volcano: a possible eruption forecasting tool. Science 306, 1543–1547.
A journal article with 3 authors
Park, I.-U., Peacey, M.W., Munafò, M.R., 2014. Modelling the effects of subjective and objective decision making in scientific peer review. Nature 506, 93–96.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Más, P., Kim, W.-Y., Somers, D.E., Kay, S.A., 2003. Targeted degradation of TOC1 by ZTL modulates circadian function in Arabidopsis thaliana. Nature 426, 567–570.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chowdhury, D., Stauffer, D., 2005. Principles of Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Santiago-Fandiño, V., Kontar, Y.A., Kaneda, Y. (Eds.), 2015. Post-Tsunami Hazard: Reconstruction and Restoration, Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kutrib, M., Worsch, T., 2014. Degrees of Reversibility for DFA and DPDA, in: Yamashita, S., Minato, S.-I. (Eds.), Reversible Computation: 6th International Conference, RC 2014, Kyoto, Japan, July 10-11, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 40–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Technovation.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Watch Expedition 42/43 Crew Launch Live! [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. Support Service Contracting at Johnson Space Center Needs Strengthening (No. PSAD-81-2). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ressler, K.M., 2008. The path to leadership for Native American women at North Dakota tribal colleges (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, L., 2009. Riding the Oil Market, Calgary Builds Up. New York Times B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Braun, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Braun, 2012; Gerst and Savage, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gerst and Savage, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Más et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTechnovation
ISSN (print)0166-4972
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
General Engineering

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