How to format your references using the Technovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Technovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, B.D., 2007. Behavior. The ultimate ecosystem engineers. Science 315, 1797–1798.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, D.M., Archer, D., 2002. Glacial--interglacial stability of ocean pH inferred from foraminifer dissolution rates. Nature 416, 70–73.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gwynne, D.T., Judge, K.A., Kelly, C.D., 2010. Evidence for male allocation in pipefish? Nature 466, E11; discussion E12.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Phanse, Y., Carrillo-Conde, B.R., Ramer-Tait, A.E., Broderick, S., Kong, C.S., Rajan, K., Flick, R., Mandell, R.B., Narasimhan, B., Wannemuehler, M.J., 2014. A systems approach to designing next generation vaccines: combining α-galactose modified antigens with nanoparticle platforms. Sci. Rep. 4, 3775.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laykin, E., 2013. Investigative Computer Forensics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hickey, A.J., 2011. Pharmaco-Complexity: Non-Linear Phenomena and Drug Product Development, 1st ed, Outlines in Pharmaceutical Sciences. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Durville, D., 2009. A Finite Element Approach of the Behaviour of Woven Materials at Microscopic Scale, in: Ganghoffer, J.-F., Pastrone, F. (Eds.), Mechanics of Microstructured Solids: Cellular Materials, Fibre Reinforced Solids and Soft Tissues, Lecture Notes in Applied and Computational Mechanics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 39–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Technovation.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. Gluten-Sensitive People Could Avoid Symptoms With This Enzyme Tablet [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Civil Space: NASA’s Strategic Planning Process (No. NSIAD-89-30BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lapizco-Encinas, G.C., 2009. Cooperative particle swarm optimization for combinatorial problems (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Buckley, C., 2013. Grad Student With Eye On Career in Finance Is Mourned in China. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson and Archer, 2002; Smith, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Archer, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Phanse et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTechnovation
ISSN (print)0166-4972
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
General Engineering

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