How to format your references using the Technovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Technovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Squire, L.R., 2007. Neuroscience. Rapid consolidation. Science 316, 57–58.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huang, M.L., Yang, F., 2014. Size effect model on kinetics of interfacial reaction between Sn-xAg-yCu solders and Cu substrate. Sci. Rep. 4, 7117.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaganovich, D., Kopito, R., Frydman, J., 2008. Misfolded proteins partition between two distinct quality control compartments. Nature 454, 1088–1095.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ogawa, N., Hoshisashi, K., Sekiguchi, H., Ichiyanagi, K., Matsushita, Y., Hirohata, Y., Suzuki, S., Ishikawa, A., Sasaki, Y.C., 2013. Tracking 3D picometer-scale motions of single nanoparticles with high-energy electron probes. Sci. Rep. 3, 2201.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sears, R.W., Chard, K.M., 2016. Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Noia, T.D., Buccafurri, F. (Eds.), 2009. E-Commerce and Web Technologies: 10th International Conference, EC-Web 2009, Linz, Austria, September 1-4, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Majumder, M., Ghosh, S., 2013. Nature-Based Algorithms, in: Ghosh, S. (Ed.), Decision Making Algorithms for Hydro-Power Plant Location, SpringerBriefs in Energy. Springer, Singapore, pp. 27–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Technovation.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Earth’s Day Will Be One Minute Longer In 6.7 Million Years [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Transportation Infrastructure: Review of Project Selection Process for Five FHWA Discretionary Programs (No. RCED-98-14). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Donohue, J., 2010. Resolving Past Liabilities for Future Reduction in Greenhouse Gases; Nuclear Energy and the Outstanding Federal Liability of Spent Nuclear Fuel (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Medina, J., 2012. In California, City Teeters On Brink of Bankruptcy. New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Squire, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Huang and Yang, 2014; Squire, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Huang and Yang, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ogawa et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleTechnovation
ISSN (print)0166-4972
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
General Engineering

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