How to format your references using the Techniques in Regional Anesthesia and Pain Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Techniques in Regional Anesthesia and Pain Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Vogel G. LABORATORY ANIMALS: Congress OKs Plan for Retired Chimps. Science. 2000;290(5500):2233a.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Das RM, Storey KG. Apical abscission alters cell polarity and dismantles the primary cilium during neurogenesis. Science. 2014;343(6167):200-204.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lee H, Chah O-K, Sheen J. Stem-cell-triggered immunity through CLV3p-FLS2 signalling. Nature. 2011;473(7347):376-379.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Hermosura MC, Takeuchi H, Fleig A, et al. InsP4 facilitates store-operated calcium influx by inhibition of InsP3 5-phosphatase. Nature. 2000;408(6813):735-740.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vicat-Blanc P, Soudan S, Guillier R, Goglin B. Computing Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Rossi F. Controlled Drug Delivery Systems: Towards New Frontiers in Patient Care. 1st ed. 2016. (Perale G, Masi M, eds.). Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bujok P, Tvrdík J. Parallel Migration Model Employing Various Adaptive Variants of Differential Evolution. In: Rutkowski L, Korytkowski M, Scherer R, Tadeusiewicz R, Zadeh LA, Zurada JM, eds. Swarm and Evolutionary Computation: International Symposia, SIDE 2012 and EC 2012, Held in Conjunction with ICAISC 2012, Zakopane, Poland, April 29-May 3, 2012. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2012:39-47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Techniques in Regional Anesthesia and Pain Management.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Several Cancers Caused By The Same Genetic Mutations. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Immigration Service: INS’ Technology Selection Process Is Weak, Informal, and Inconsistently Applied. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Woodworth JW. Secure Semantic Search over Encrypted Big Data in the Cloud. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kenigsberg B. Film Series in NYC This Week. New York Times. December 7, 2016:C29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTechniques in Regional Anesthesia and Pain Management
AbbreviationTech. Reg. Anesth. Pain Manag.
ISSN (print)1084-208X
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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