How to format your references using the Techniques in Regional Anesthesia and Pain Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Techniques in Regional Anesthesia and Pain Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Schilling G. ASTRONOMY: The Virtual Observatory Moves Closer to Reality. Science. 2000;289(5477):238a-239a.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Starace DM, Bezanilla F. A proton pore in a potassium channel voltage sensor reveals a focused electric field. Nature. 2004;427(6974):548-553.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Palm NW, Rosenstein RK, Medzhitov R. Allergic host defences. Nature. 2012;484(7395):465-472.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Liu FS, Zheng JX, Huang MJ, et al. Enhanced thermoelectric performance of Cu2CdSnSe4 by Mn doping: experimental and first principles studies. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5774.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Khan MM, Islam MR. Zero Waste Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Canuto C. Mathematical Analysis I. (Tabacco A, ed.). Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rana S, Zöller M. The Functional Importance of Tetraspanins in Exosomes. In: Zhang HG, ed. Emerging Concepts of Tumor Exosome–Mediated Cell-Cell Communication. Springer; 2013:69-106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Techniques in Regional Anesthesia and Pain Management.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. $250 Million Increase To NASA’s Budget Next Year. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. District of Columbia: Inmate Participation in Correctional Programs and Previous Lorton Confinements. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Zou X. Magneto-Optical Properties of Ferromagnetic Nanostructures on Modified Nanosphere Templates. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Mets’ Bullpen Undermines An Outburst Of Offense. New York Times. May 28, 2017:SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleTechniques in Regional Anesthesia and Pain Management
AbbreviationTech. Reg. Anesth. Pain Manag.
ISSN (print)1084-208X
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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