How to format your references using the Techniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Techniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
McGowan K. Masterclass: The gathering brainstorm. Nature 2011;478:S19-20.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Greif DM, Eichmann A. Vascular biology: Brain vessels squeezed to death. Nature 2014;508:50–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Barbot S, Lapusta N, Avouac J-P. Under the hood of the earthquake machine: toward predictive modeling of the seismic cycle. Science 2012;336:707–10.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Ding Z, Wu C-J, Chu GC, Xiao Y, Ho D, Zhang J, et al. SMAD4-dependent barrier constrains prostate cancer growth and metastatic progression. Nature 2011;470:269–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Murti Y, Vijayan C. Essentials of Nonlinear Optics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Sadeghian A, Mendel JM, Tahayori H, editors. Advances in Type-2 Fuzzy Sets and Systems: Theory and Applications. vol. 301. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Mathieu L, Ballu A. A Model for a Coherent and Complete Tolerancing Process. In: Davidson JK, editor. Models for Computer Aided Tolerancing in Design and Manufacturing: Selected Conference Papers from the 9th CIRP International Seminar on Computer-Aided Tolerancing, held at Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA, 10-12 April, 2005, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007, p. 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Techniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Hacking Photosynthesis Yields Turbocharged Crops. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. The Management and Operation of the Runaway Youth Program Administered by the Administration for Children, Youth, and Families, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Arendse EM. A textual Caribbean: Voices of the multitude in Junot Díaz’s The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gustines GG. Coates to Write for Marvel. New York Times 2015:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTechniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
AbbreviationTech. Gastrointest. Endosc.
ISSN (print)1096-2883
ScopeGastroenterology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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