How to format your references using the Techniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Techniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Smaglik P. Taking stock of biotech jobs. Nature 2002;417:3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Cunningham EJ, Russell AF. Egg investment is influenced by male attractiveness in the mallard. Nature 2000;404:74–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kaaret P, Simet MG, Lang CC. The orbital period of the ultraluminous x-ray source in M82. Science 2006;311:491.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kriks S, Shim J-W, Piao J, Ganat YM, Wakeman DR, Xie Z, et al. Dopamine neurons derived from human ES cells efficiently engraft in animal models of Parkinson’s disease. Nature 2011;480:547–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Arendt JS, Lorenzo DK. Evaluating Process Safety in the Chemical Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2000.
An edited book
[1]
Kumar R, Sivakumar D, editors. Algorithms and Models for the Web-Graph: 7th International Workshop, WAW 2010, Stanford, CA, USA, December 13-14, 2010. Proceedings. vol. 6516. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gest H. History of the word photosynthesis and evolution of its definition. In: Govindjee, Beatty JT, Gest H, Allen JF, editors. Discoveries in Photosynthesis, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005, p. 39–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Techniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Biggest Scientific Hoaxes of 2014. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Geographic Information Systems: Status at Selected Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Le CT. Academic performance of college students as related to depression from stress. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Arango T. ISIS, Praising Its ‘Hero Soldier,’ Claims Responsibility for Istanbul Attack. New York Times 2017:A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTechniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
AbbreviationTech. Gastrointest. Endosc.
ISSN (print)1096-2883
ScopeGastroenterology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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