How to format your references using the Techniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Techniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Schwarz UD. Tribology. Tracking antiwear film formation. Science 2015;348:40–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Beller S, Bender A. The limits of counting: numerical cognition between evolution and culture. Science 2008;319:213–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Benton MJ, Tverdokhlebov VP, Surkov MV. Ecosystem remodelling among vertebrates at the Permian-Triassic boundary in Russia. Nature 2004;432:97–100.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wu Y, Dong Q, Liu L, Han P, Wei Q. The impact of tumor location and multifocality on prognosis for patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma: a meta-analysis. Sci Rep 2014;4:6361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Bartlett D, Moody S, Kindersley K. Dyslexia in the Workplace. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Sherman CH. Transducers and Arrays for Underwater Sound. New York, NY: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Toranzo CS, Errecalde M, Ferretti E. On the Use of Agreement Technologies for Multi-criteria Decision Making within a BDI Agent. In: Bazzan ALC, Pichara K, editors. Advances in Artificial Intelligence -- IBERAMIA 2014: 14th Ibero-American Conference on AI, Santiago de Chile, Chile, November 24-27, 2014, Proceedings, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 54–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Techniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. The Human Brain Has A “Super” Capacity To Recognise Faces — And Neuroscientists, Psychologists, And Police Are Just Starting To Figure Out Why. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: Contract Oversight and Performance Provisions for Major Work Packages. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Rus EL. A grant proposal for program “Tech Connect”: Bridging the generations through technology coaching. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Rothenberg B. A Juniors Defeat Doesn’t Dampen A Traveler’s Stay. New York Times 2017:B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTechniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
AbbreviationTech. Gastrointest. Endosc.
ISSN (print)1096-2883
ScopeGastroenterology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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