How to format your references using the Techniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Techniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Russo G. Biotech in Bangalore. Nature 2008;452:660–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Deplancke B, Verstrepen KJ. Genetics. Variable outcome of mutations. Science 2012;335:44–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Elion EA, Qi M, Chen W. Signal transduction. Signaling specificity in yeast. Science 2005;307:687–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Bisson LF, Waterhouse AL, Ebeler SE, Walker MA, Lapsley JT. The present and future of the international wine industry. Nature 2002;418:696–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Takezawa K. Guidebook to R Graphics Using Microsoft® Windows. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Delgado JMPQ, editor. Recent Developments in Building Diagnosis Techniques. vol. 5. 1st ed. 2016. Singapore: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Trautschold M, Mazo G. Sync Your iPad with iTunes. In: Mazo G, editor. iPad Made Simple, Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2010, p. 97–145.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Techniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Panda Gives Snowman What For At Toronto Zoo. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/panda-gives-snowman-what-for-at-toronto-zoo/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Business Systems Modernization: IRS Has Satisfied Congressional Direction on the Custodial Accounting Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Rudoy SI. Developing a model for understanding mindfulness as a potential intervention for obsessive-compulsive disorder. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Herrman J. Counter Offensive. New York Times 2017:MM11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTechniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
AbbreviationTech. Gastrointest. Endosc.
ISSN (print)1096-2883
ScopeGastroenterology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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