How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fidock, D.A., 2013. Microbiology. Eliminating malaria. Science 340, 1531–1533.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, X., Xu, J., 2014. Dietary and circulating lycopene and stroke risk: a meta-analysis of prospective studies. Sci. Rep. 4, 5031.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alimardani, M., Nishio, S., Ishiguro, H., 2013. Humanlike robot hands controlled by brain activity arouse illusion of ownership in operators. Sci. Rep. 3, 2396.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Foster, J.S., Khodadad, C.L.M., Ahrendt, S.R., Parrish, M.L., 2013. Impact of simulated microgravity on the normal developmental time line of an animal-bacteria symbiosis. Sci. Rep. 3, 1340.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kompare, D., 2010. CSI. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Schmidt, R.A. (Ed.), 2006. Relations and Kleene Algebra in Computer Science: 9th International Conference on Relational Methods in Computer Science and 4th International Workshop on Applications of Kleene Algebra, RelMiCS/AKA 2006, Manchester, UK, August 29–September 2, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Arnold, V.I., 2014. On the topology of three-dimensional steady flows of an ideal fluid, in: Givental, A.B., Khesin, B.A., Varchenko, A.N., Vassiliev, V.A., Viro, O.Y. (Eds.), Vladimir I. Arnold - Collected Works: Hydrodynamics, Bifurcation Theory, and Algebraic Geometry 1965-1972. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 25–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnopharmacology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Astronomers Have Discovered A Pulsating White Dwarf [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Information Technology: The Federal Enterprise Architecture and Agencies’ Enterprise Architectures Are Still Maturing (No. GAO-04-798T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Razo, S.I., 2009. Parenting practices of Latina mothers and children’s behavior outcomes (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2016. Puerto Rico Aims to Appease Congress With a New Proposal on Its Debt. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fidock, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Fidock, 2013; Li and Xu, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Xu, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Foster et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnopharmacology
AbbreviationJ. Ethnopharmacol.
ISSN (print)0378-8741
ScopeDrug Discovery

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