How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q., 2003. Europe told to unite on spy satellites. Nature 422, 361.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pitt, J.N., Ferré-D’Amaré, A.R., 2010. Rapid construction of empirical RNA fitness landscapes. Science 330, 376–379.
A journal article with 3 authors
Otterbein, L.R., Graceffa, P., Dominguez, R., 2001. The crystal structure of uncomplexed actin in the ADP state. Science 293, 708–711.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Knorr, W., Prentice, I.C., House, J.I., Holland, E.A., 2005. Long-term sensitivity of soil carbon turnover to warming. Nature 433, 298–301.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kill, R., 2012. The BRC Global Standard for Food Safety. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Al-Rubeai, M., Naciri, M. (Eds.), 2014. Stem Cells and Cell Therapy, Cell Engineering. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Kagan, V.E., Rao, K.M.K., Kisin, E.R., Young, S.-H., Meighan, T., Murray, A.R., Tyurina, Y.Y., Castranova, V., Shvedova, A.A., 2007. Pulmonary Effects of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes: Inflammatory Response, Oxidative Stress/Signaling, and Recognition by Macrophages, in: Simeonova, P.P., Opopol, N., Luster, M.I. (Eds.), Nanotechnology – Toxicological Issues and Environmental Safety and Environmental Safety, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 65–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnopharmacology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. A Mother Monkey Appears To Wail And Cradle Its Collapsed Child [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Low-Income and Minority Serving Institutions: Education Has Taken Steps to Improve Monitoring and Assistance, but Further Progress Is Needed (No. GAO-07-926T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kidder, E.O., 2014. Self-administered HPV Testing as a Cervical Cancer Screening Option: Exploring the Perspectives of Hispanic and Arab Women in the United States (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J., 2017. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Pitt and Ferré-D’Amaré, 2010; Schiermeier, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pitt and Ferré-D’Amaré, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Knorr et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnopharmacology
AbbreviationJ. Ethnopharmacol.
ISSN (print)0378-8741
ScopeDrug Discovery

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