How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parada, L.V., 2011. Public health: Life lessons. Nature 480, S11-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hedwig, B., Poulet, J.F.A., 2004. Complex auditory behaviour emerges from simple reactive steering. Nature 430, 781–785.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bezryadin, A., Lau, C.N., Tinkham, M., 2000. Quantum suppression of superconductivity in ultrathin nanowires. Nature 404, 971–974.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lin, Z., Liu, Yuan, Halim, U., Ding, M., Liu, Yuanyue, Wang, Y., Jia, C., Chen, P., Duan, Xidong, Wang, C., Song, F., Li, M., Wan, C., Huang, Y., Duan, Xiangfeng, 2018. Solution-processable 2D semiconductors for high-performance large-area electronics. Nature 562, 254–258.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Warren, A., 2013. Dunes. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford.
An edited book
Gao, C. (Ed.), 2016. Polymeric Biomaterials for Tissue Regeneration: From Surface/Interface Design to 3D Constructs. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Van Grembergen, W., De Haes, S., 2009. The IT Balanced Scorecard as a Framework for Enterprise Governance of IT, in: Van Grembergen, W. (Ed.), Enterprise Governance of Information Technology: Achieving Strategic Alignment and Value. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 111–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnopharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Nature’s Lubricant Makes Your Body A Well-Oiled Machine [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Customs Has Established Effective Year 2000 Program Controls (No. AIMD-99-37). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Giuseffi, F.G., 2014. Investigation of the Influence of the Socratic Method on Leadership Skills among JROTC Cadet Leaders at a Military Boarding School (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2014. Detroit’s Plan to Profit on Its Water, by Selling to Its Neighbors, Looks Half Empty. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parada, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Hedwig and Poulet, 2004; Parada, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hedwig and Poulet, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnopharmacology
AbbreviationJ. Ethnopharmacol.
ISSN (print)0378-8741
ScopeDrug Discovery

Other styles