How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lakhdar, Z.B., 2005. Global voices of science. Following the light: opening doors to science in Tunisia. Science 310, 1435–1437.
A journal article with 2 authors
Woodside, M.T., McEuen, P.L., 2002. Scanned probe imaging of single-electron charge states in nanotube quantum dots. Science 296, 1098–1101.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schätz, T., Schramm, U., Habs, D., 2001. Crystalline ion beams. Nature 412, 717–720.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ang, C.Y., Tan, S.Y., Lu, Y., Bai, L., Li, M., Li, P., Zhang, Q., Selvan, S.T., Zhao, Y., 2014. “Turn-on” fluorescence probe integrated polymer nanoparticles for sensing biological thiol molecules. Sci. Rep. 4, 7057.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, Y., 2015. Computer Principles and Design in Verilog HDL. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Xia, Y., 2013. Compound Control Methodology for Flight Vehicles, Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sorgi, L., Schlosser, M., 2013. Integrating Color Sampling into Depth Based Bilayer Segmentation, in: Petrosino, A. (Ed.), Image Analysis and Processing – ICIAP 2013: 17th International Conference, Naples, Italy, September 9-13, 2013. Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnopharmacology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. “Biohackers” Insert LEDs Into Their Hands [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Technology Transfer: Agencies’ Rights to Federally Sponsored Biomedical Inventions (No. GAO-03-536). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pearson, D., 2014. A High-Level Fuzzy Logic Guidance System for an Unmanned Surface Vehicle (USV) Tasked to Perform an Autonomous Launch and Recovery (ALR) of an Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (UUV) (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M., 2017. A Gadget Is Favored by Fingers Both Restless and Sticky. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lakhdar, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Lakhdar, 2005; Woodside and McEuen, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Woodside and McEuen, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnopharmacology
AbbreviationJ. Ethnopharmacol.
ISSN (print)0378-8741
ScopeDrug Discovery

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