How to format your references using the Journal of Ethnopharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ethnopharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ganem, D., 2001. Virology. The X files--one step closer to closure. Science 294, 2299–2300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Quental, T.B., Marshall, C.R., 2013. How the Red Queen drives terrestrial mammals to extinction. Science 341, 290–292.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yozwiak, N.L., Schaffner, S.F., Sabeti, P.C., 2015. Data sharing: Make outbreak research open access. Nature 518, 477–479.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, H., Wang, J., Jiang, J., Chen, S., Guan, Z., Liao, Y., Chen, F., 2014. Reference genes for normalizing transcription in diploid and tetraploid Arabidopsis. Sci. Rep. 4, 6781.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shick, P.L., 2007. Topology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wang, D., 2014. Haptic Rendering for Simulation of Fine Manipulation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Dolama, M.V., Rahbar, A.G., 2010. Performance Evaluation of the Number of Database Accesses in Cellular Networks, in: Özcan, A., Chaki, N., Nagamalai, D. (Eds.), Recent Trends in Wireless and Mobile Networks: Second International Conference, WiMo 2010, Ankara, Turkey, June 26-28, 2010. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 46–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ethnopharmacology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Killer Cholera Bacterium Stabs Others With Tiny Spear, Steals DNA [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. OPM Retirement Modernization: Longstanding Information Technology Management Weaknesses Need to Be Addressed (No. GAO-12-226T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simonsen, A.E., 2010. Risk and resilience: Girls’ experiences navigating space and relationships in a secure residential facility (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2008. After a 32-Year Journey, Justice Stevens Renounces Capital Punishment. New York Times A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ganem, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Ganem, 2001; Quental and Marshall, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Quental and Marshall, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ethnopharmacology
AbbreviationJ. Ethnopharmacol.
ISSN (print)0378-8741
ScopeDrug Discovery

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