How to format your references using the Rorschachiana citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rorschachiana. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cave, R. J. (2009). Chemistry. Inducing chirality with circularly polarized light. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5920), 1435–1436.
A journal article with 2 authors
Südhof, T. C., & Rothman, J. E. (2009). Membrane fusion: grappling with SNARE and SM proteins. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5913), 474–477.
A journal article with 3 authors
Russo, R., Herrmann, H. J., & de Arcangelis, L. (2014). Brain modularity controls the critical behavior of spontaneous activity. Scientific Reports, 4, 4312.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Murata, K., Mitsuoka, K., Hirai, T., Walz, T., Agre, P., Heymann, J. B., Engel, A., & Fujiyoshi, Y. (2000). Structural determinants of water permeation through aquaporin-1. Nature, 407(6804), 599–605.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carter, M., & Bentley, S. P. (2016). Soil Properties and their Correlations. John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ghosh, T. K. (2011). Energy Resources and Systems: Volume 2: Renewable Resources (M. A. Prelas, Ed.). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Choi, Y.-K., Kim, C.-H., Ahn, J.-H., Kim, J.-Y., & Kim, S. (2013). Dielectric Detection Using Biochemical Assays. In D. Issadore & R. M. Westervelt (Eds.), Point-of-Care Diagnostics on a Chip (pp. 97–123). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rorschachiana.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 3). Are US Vaccine Rates Going Down Because Public Trust And Social Ties Are Eroding. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Technology Transfer: Improving Incentives For Technology Transfer at Federal Laboratories (T-RCED-94-42). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peterson, K. (2015). Development of a facility-specific dietary training program for diet technicians [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, June 19). Passengers Granted Same Right as Drivers. New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cave, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Cave, 2009; Südhof & Rothman, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Südhof & Rothman, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Russo et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Murata et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleRorschachiana
ISSN (print)1192-5604
ISSN (online)2151-206X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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