How to format your references using the Rorschachiana citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Rorschachiana. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ashworth, W. J. (2004). Metrology and the state: science, revenue, and commerce. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5700), 1314–1317.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dillin, A., & Kelly, J. W. (2007). Medicine. The yin-yang of sirtuins. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5837), 461–462.
A journal article with 3 authors
Glazier, A. M., Nadeau, J. H., & Aitman, T. J. (2002). Finding genes that underlie complex traits. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5602), 2345–2349.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wilkinson, M. J., Elliott, L. J., Allainguillaume, J., Shaw, M. W., Norris, C., Welters, R., Alexander, M., Sweet, J., & Mason, D. C. (2003). Hybridization between Brassica napus and B. rapa on a national scale in the United Kingdom. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5644), 457–459.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malina, M. (2013). Delivering Sustainable Buildings. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Moreno-Arribas, M. V., & Bartolomé Suáldea, B. (Eds.). (2016). Wine Safety, Consumer Preference, and Human Health (1st ed. 2016). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Zeitler, J. A. (2016). Pharmaceutical Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging. In A. Müllertz, Y. Perrie, & T. Rades (Eds.), Analytical Techniques in the Pharmaceutical Sciences (pp. 171–222). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Rorschachiana.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 21). Male Java Sparrows Drop The Beat. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). School Facilities: Condition of America’s Schools (HEHS-95-61). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vaughan, L. (2008). Executive function in daily life: Age-related influences of executive processes on instrumental activities of daily living [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bilton, N. (2013, October 9). All Is Fair in Love and Twitter. New York Times, MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ashworth, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Ashworth, 2004; Dillin & Kelly, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dillin & Kelly, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Glazier et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wilkinson et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleRorschachiana
ISSN (print)1192-5604
ISSN (online)2151-206X
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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