How to format your references using the Teaching Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Teaching Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dang, C. V. (2014). Gene regulation: fine-tuned amplification in cells. Nature, 511(7510), 417–418.
A journal article with 2 authors
Menand, T., & Tait, S. R. (2001). A phenomenological model for precursor volcanic eruptions. Nature, 411(6838), 678–680.
A journal article with 3 authors
Skipper, M., Dhand, R., & Campbell, P. (2012). Presenting ENCODE. Nature, 489(7414), 45.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schaak, R. E., Klimczuk, T., Foo, M. L., & Cava, R. J. (2003). Superconductivity phase diagram of Na(x)CoO2*1.3H2O. Nature, 424(6948), 527–529.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allsopp, W. (2017). Advanced Penetration Testing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ali, M., Pan, J.-S., Chen, S.-M., & Horng, M.-F. (Eds.). (2014). Modern Advances in Applied Intelligence: 27th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2014, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, June 3-6, 2014, Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 8482). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bettinson, V. (2016). Surviving Times of Austerity: Preserving the Specialist Domestic Violence Court Provision. In S. Hilder & V. Bettinson (Eds.), Domestic Violence: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Protection, Prevention and Intervention (pp. 81–103). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Teaching Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 29). Study Sheds Light On The Origin Of Huntington’s Disease Within The Brain. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Public Transit: Funding for New Starts and Small Starts Projects, October 2004 through June 2012 (GAO-13-40). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hawkins, A. J. (2013). Measurement of the spacial distribution of heat exchange in a geothermal analog bedrock site using fiber-otic distributed temperature sensing [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, February 16). Clawing Her Way Back to Normal. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dang, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Dang, 2014; Menand & Tait, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Menand & Tait, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Skipper et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Schaak et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleTeaching Education
AbbreviationTeach. Educ.
ISSN (print)1047-6210
ISSN (online)1470-1286

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