How to format your references using the Teaching Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Teaching Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blatter, G. (2000). Schrodinger’s cat is now fat. Nature, 406(6791), 25–26.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gamlin, P. D., & Yoon, K. (2000). An area for vergence eye movement in primate frontal cortex. Nature, 407(6807), 1003–1007.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wilson, A. H., Shirey, S. B., & Carlson, R. W. (2003). Archaean ultra-depleted komatiites formed by hydrous melting of cratonic mantle. Nature, 423(6942), 858–861.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Beebe, D. J., Moore, J. S., Bauer, J. M., Yu, Q., Liu, R. H., Devadoss, C., & Jo, B. H. (2000). Functional hydrogel structures for autonomous flow control inside microfluidic channels. Nature, 404(6778), 588–590.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
James, L. (2014). Sustainability Footprints in SMEs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Picot, A., & Lorenz, J. (Eds.). (2010). ICT for the Next Five Billion People: Information and Communication for Sustainable Development. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Koroleva, L. I., & Zashchirinskii, D. M. (2009). New Type of Nanomaterials: Doped Magnetic Semiconductors Contained Ferrons, Antiferrons and Afmons. In B. Aktas & F. Mikailov (Eds.), Advances in Nanoscale Magnetism: Proceedings of the International Conference on Nanoscale Magnetism ICNM-2007 June 25–29, Istanbul, Turkey (pp. 89–111). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Teaching Education.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, June 12). Here’s What Actually Happened At Roswell In 1947. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Federal Research: Assessment of Small Business Innovation Research Programs (No. RCED-89-39). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watkins, J. J. (2017). Victor Echo Tango (VET) Support Services Inc (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meier, J. S. (2013, March 6). Home Is Where the Harm Is. New York Times, p. A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blatter, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Blatter, 2000; Gamlin & Yoon, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gamlin & Yoon, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Wilson, Shirey, & Carlson, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Beebe et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleTeaching Education
AbbreviationTeach. Educ.
ISSN (print)1047-6210
ISSN (online)1470-1286

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