How to format your references using the Teaching Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Teaching Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shelly, D. R. (2010). Migrating tremors illuminate complex deformation beneath the seismogenic San Andreas fault. Nature, 463(7281), 648–652.
A journal article with 2 authors
Turchyn, A. V., & Schrag, D. P. (2004). Oxygen isotope constraints on the sulfur cycle over the past 10 million years. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5666), 2004–2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brookmeyer, R., Johnson, E., & Bollinger, R. (2004). Public health vaccination policies for containing an anthrax outbreak. Nature, 432(7019), 901–904.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mendez, R., Hake, L. E., Andresson, T., Littlepage, L. E., Ruderman, J. V., & Richter, J. D. (2000). Phosphorylation of CPE binding factor by Eg2 regulates translation of c-mos mRNA. Nature, 404(6775), 302–307.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lane, D. (2011). The Chief Information Officer’s Body of Knowledge. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Huckleberry, A., Penkov, I., & Zuckerman, G. (Eds.). (2013). Lie Groups: Structure, Actions, and Representations: In Honor of Joseph A. Wolf on the Occasion of his 75th Birthday (Vol. 306). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Engquist, B. (2005). Multi-scale Modeling. In M. Benedicks, P. W. Jones, S. Smirnov, & B. Winckler (Eds.), Perspectives in Analysis: Essays in Honor of Lennart Carleson’s 75th Birthday (pp. 51–61). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Teaching Education.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, May 18). Which Is Most Valuable: Gold, Cocaine Or Rhino Horn? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Social Security: Telephone Access to Local Field Offices (HRD-91-112). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luna, A. C. (2009). Analysis of the California Mental Health Services Act [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2015, June 5). Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times, C25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shelly, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Shelly, 2010; Turchyn & Schrag, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Turchyn & Schrag, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Brookmeyer et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mendez et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleTeaching Education
AbbreviationTeach. Educ.
ISSN (print)1047-6210
ISSN (online)1470-1286

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