How to format your references using the Talanta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Talanta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Zahn, Climate change: Beyond the CO(2) connection, Nature. 460 (2009) 335–336.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.M. Verheyden, X. Sun, An Fgf/Gremlin inhibitory feedback loop triggers termination of limb bud outgrowth, Nature. 454 (2008) 638–641.
A journal article with 3 authors
B.C. Dian, J.R. Clarkson, T.S. Zwier, Direct measurement of energy thresholds to conformational isomerization in tryptamine, Science. 303 (2004) 1169–1173.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B.D. Kyle, E. Ahrendt, A.P. Braun, J.E.A. Braun, The large conductance, calcium-activated K+ (BK) channel is regulated by cysteine string protein, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2447.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Reason, L. Løvlie, M. Brand Flu, Service Design for Business, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
M. Mantoiu, G. Raikov, R. Tiedra de Aldecoa, eds., Spectral Theory and Mathematical Physics, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Pendyala, S. Katkoori, Interval Arithmetic and Self Similarity Based Subthreshold Leakage Optimization in RTL Datapaths, in: L. Claesen, M.-T. Sanz-Pascual, R. Reis, A. Sarmiento-Reyes (Eds.), VLSI-SoC: Internet of Things Foundations: 22nd IFIP WG 10.5/IEEE International Conference on Very Large Scale Integration, VLSI-SoC 2014, Playa Del Carmen, Mexico, October 6-8, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 75–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Talanta.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Watch Crocodiles Pluck Bats From The Air, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, FCC: Policies and Rules Concerning Children’s Television Programming--Revision of Programming Policies for Television Broadcast Stations, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.C. Brady, The transforming Rho family GTPase, Wrch -1, regulates epithelial cell morphogenesis through modulating cell junctions and actin cytoskeletal dynamics, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, Summit in Moscow: Comes the Next Generation; With Yeltsin Overture, Clinton Backs Early Meeting, New York Times. (1993) A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTalanta
ISSN (print)0039-9140
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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