How to format your references using the Talanta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Talanta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Alberts, H5N1. Introduction, Science. 336 (2012) 1521.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. Juliano, G. Wessel, Developmental biology. Versatile germline genes, Science. 329 (2010) 640–641.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Takahashi, K. Svoboda, R. Malinow, Experience strengthening transmission by driving AMPA receptors into synapses, Science. 299 (2003) 1585–1588.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H.R. Christofk, M.G. Vander Heiden, M.H. Harris, A. Ramanathan, R.E. Gerszten, R. Wei, M.D. Fleming, S.L. Schreiber, L.C. Cantley, The M2 splice isoform of pyruvate kinase is important for cancer metabolism and tumour growth, Nature. 452 (2008) 230–233.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
I. Cox, M.A. Gaudard, M.L. Stephens, Visual Six Sigma, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
A.G. Camacho, J.I. Díaz, J. Fernändez, eds., Earth Sciences and Mathematics: Volune II, Birkhäuser, Basel, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Hentschel, H. Sack, N. Steinmetz, Cross-Dataset Learning of Visual Concepts, in: A. Nürnberger, S. Stober, B. Larsen, M. Detyniecki (Eds.), Adaptive Multimedia Retrieval: Semantics, Context, and Adaptation: 10th International Workshop, AMR 2012, Copenhagen, Denmark, October 24-25, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 87–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Talanta.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Embryonic Stem Cells Cloned From Adult Skin, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Research: Information on DOE’s Laboratory-Directed Research and Development Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Litt, Social networking sites and adolescent alcohol use: The role of social images, social norms, and social comparison, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Hubbard, Bomber Hits Courthouse in Damascus, New York Times. (2017) A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTalanta
ISSN (print)0039-9140
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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