How to format your references using the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Franson, J. D. Physics. Beating Classical Computing without a Quantum Computer. Science 2013, 339 (6121), 767–768.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bobrow, M.; Thomas, S. Patents in a Genetic Age. Nature 2000, 409 (6822), 763–764.
A journal article with 3 authors
Feng, M.; Zhao, J.; Petek, H. Atomlike, Hollow-Core-Bound Molecular Orbitals of C60. Science 2008, 320 (5874), 359–362.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lee, J. H.; Fang, L.; Vlahos, E.; Ke, X.; Jung, Y. W.; Kourkoutis, L. F.; Kim, J.-W.; Ryan, P. J.; Heeg, T.; Roeckerath, M.; Goian, V.; Bernhagen, M.; Uecker, R.; Hammel, P. C.; Rabe, K. M.; Kamba, S.; Schubert, J.; Freeland, J. W.; Muller, D. A.; Fennie, C. J.; Schiffer, P.; Gopalan, V.; Johnston-Halperin, E.; Schlom, D. G. A Strong Ferroelectric Ferromagnet Created by Means of Spin-Lattice Coupling. Nature 2010, 466 (7309), 954–958.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jensen, R. C. Risk-Reduction Methods for Occupational Safety and Health; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
SOFSEM 2008: Theory and Practice of Computer Science: 34th Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science, Nový Smokovec, Slovakia, January 19-25, 2008. Proceedings; Geffert, V., Karhumäki, J., Bertoni, A., Preneel, B., Návrat, P., Bieliková, M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; Vol. 4910.
A chapter in an edited book
Czachórski, T. Queueing Models for Performance Evaluation of Computer Networks—Transient State Analysis. In Analytic Methods in Interdisciplinary Applications; Mityushev, V. V., Ruzhansky, M., Eds.; Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp 51–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.

Blog post
Fang, J. Ancient Neanderthal Skulls Reveal Insights Into Human Evolution. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Procedures To Recover Defaulted Loans Under the Guaranteed Student Loan Program; B-117604(7); U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warner, K. S. The Narrative Structure of Children’s Books Used in Language Therapy: An Analysis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J.; Steel, E. As Content Makers Rise, Malone Eyes Consolidation. New York Times. July 19, 2017, p B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Agric. Food Chem.
ISSN (print)0021-8561
ISSN (online)1520-5118
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Chemistry

Other styles