How to format your references using the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yang, X. An Embryonic Nation. Nature 2004, 428 (6979), 210–212.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gurdon, J. B.; Melton, D. A. Nuclear Reprogramming in Cells. Science 2008, 322 (5909), 1811–1815.
A journal article with 3 authors
Song, J.; Gao, X.; Galán, J. E. Structure and Function of the Salmonella Typhi Chimaeric A(2)B(5) Typhoid Toxin. Nature 2013, 499 (7458), 350–354.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Donaldson, G. P.; Ladinsky, M. S.; Yu, K. B.; Sanders, J. G.; Yoo, B. B.; Chou, W.-C.; Conner, M. E.; Earl, A. M.; Knight, R.; Bjorkman, P. J.; Mazmanian, S. K. Gut Microbiota Utilize Immunoglobulin A for Mucosal Colonization. Science 2018, 360 (6390), 795–800.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Helsel, D. R. Statistics for Censored Environmental Data Using Minitab® and R; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Haddad, S. A. P. Ultra Low-Power Biomedical Signal Processing: An Analog Wavelet Filter Approach for Pacemakers; Serdijn, W. A., Ed.; Analog Circuits and Signal Processing; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Yusuf, F.; Martins, J. M.; Swanson, D. A. Fertility. In Methods of Demographic Analysis; Martins, J. M., Swanson, D. A., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2014; pp 97–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. Chameleon Supernova Hints At A Different Kind Of Stellar Explosion. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: FDA Needs to Fully Implement Key Management Practices to Lessen Modernization Risks; GAO-12-346; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liang, C.-C. Fate of Bacterial and Viral Indicators in an Advanced Wastewater Treatment Plant. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Krauss, C.; Schwartz, J. Views on State Dept. Pick Hinge on Oil Industry. New York Times. December 14, 2016, p A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Agric. Food Chem.
ISSN (print)0021-8561
ISSN (online)1520-5118
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Chemistry

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