How to format your references using the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Detrick, R. S. Seafloor Spreading. Portrait of a Magma Chamber. Nature 2000, 406 (6796), 578–579.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pallen, M. J.; Wren, B. W. Bacterial Pathogenomics. Nature 2007, 449 (7164), 835–842.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fenn, K. M.; Nusbaum, H. C.; Margoliash, D. Consolidation during Sleep of Perceptual Learning of Spoken Language. Nature 2003, 425 (6958), 614–616.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sugden, A.; Ash, C.; Hanson, B.; Zahn, L. Happy Birthday, Mr. Darwin. Introduction. Science 2009, 323 (5915), 727.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mitola, J., III. Software Radio Architecture; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: New York, USA, 2002.
An edited book
Jacobson, M. J. Solving the Pell Equation; Williams, H. C., Ed.; CMS Books in Mathematics; Springer: New York, NY, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Gault, D.; Cannell, K.; Cimolini, P.; D’Souza, M.; St. Hilaire, T. Applications and Navigation. In Beginning Oracle Application Express 4.2; Cannell, K., Cimolini, P., D’Souza, M., St. Hilaire, T., Eds.; Apress: Berkeley, CA, 2013; pp 55–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Gorillas In Zoos – The Unpalatable Truth (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Pipeline Safety: Systematic Process Needed to Evaluate Outcomes of Research and Development Program; GAO-03-746; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Janowiecki, S. The Evolutionary Status of High and Extremely Low Surface Brightness Dwarf Galaxies. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. Slow-Motion Pension Crisis Awaits 20 Nations, a Study Finds. New York Times. March 18, 2016, p B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
AbbreviationJ. Agric. Food Chem.
ISSN (print)0021-8561
ISSN (online)1520-5118
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
General Chemistry

Other styles