How to format your references using the Sustainable Production and Consumption citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Production and Consumption. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coste, B., 2012. Eppendorf finalist. The cellular feeling of pressure. Science 338, 59.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rydelek, P.A., Tuttle, M., 2004. Explosive craters and soil liquefaction. Nature 427, 115–116.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gambardella, A., Prezioso, M., Cavallini, M., 2014. Tunnel conductivity switching in a single nanoparticle-based nano floating gate memory. Sci. Rep. 4, 4196.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Higashida, C., Miyoshi, T., Fujita, A., Oceguera-Yanez, F., Monypenny, J., Andou, Y., Narumiya, S., Watanabe, N., 2004. Actin polymerization-driven molecular movement of mDia1 in living cells. Science 303, 2007–2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Numai, T., 2010. Laser Diodes and their Applications to Communications and Information Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Higuchi, T., Suzumori, K., Tadokoro, S. (Eds.), 2010. Next-Generation Actuators Leading Breakthroughs. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Viscusi, G., Batini, C., Mecella, M., 2010. eGovernment Vision Elicitation, in: Batini, C., Mecella, M. (Eds.), Information Systems for EGovernment: A Quality-of-Service Perspective. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 55–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Production and Consumption.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. More Refined Blood Test Could Cut Possible Heart Attack Admissions By Two-Thirds [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Aviation Security: Weaknesses in Airport Security and Options for Assigning Screening Responsibilities (No. GAO-01-1165T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenrich, M.A., 2017. “To treat her as a woman”: African American women and respectability in New York, 1860-1890 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J., 2016. The Last Days for the Circus. New York Times MB8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coste, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Coste, 2012; Rydelek and Tuttle, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rydelek and Tuttle, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Higashida et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Production and Consumption
AbbreviationSustain. Prod. Consum.
ISSN (print)2352-5509

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