How to format your references using the Sustainable Production and Consumption citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Production and Consumption. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Olsen, B.R., 2014. Disease models: Statins give bone growth a boost. Nature 513, 494–495.
A journal article with 2 authors
Odegaard, J.I., Chawla, A., 2013. Pleiotropic actions of insulin resistance and inflammation in metabolic homeostasis. Science 339, 172–177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zerbino, D.R., Paten, B., Haussler, D., 2012. Integrating genomes. Science 336, 179–182.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Freedman, J.P., Leach, J.H., Preble, E.A., Sitar, Z., Davis, R.F., Malen, J.A., 2013. Universal phonon mean free path spectra in crystalline semiconductors at high temperature. Sci. Rep. 3, 2963.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Milne, D., 2012. The Psychology of Retirement. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Whitacre, D.M. (Ed.), 2015. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Volume 235, Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Continuation of Residue Reviews. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Battisti, C., Poeta, G., Fanelli, G., 2016. Disturbances and Coexistence of Species, in: Poeta, G., Fanelli, G. (Eds.), An Introduction to Disturbance Ecology: A Road Map for Wildlife Management and Conservation, Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 47–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Production and Consumption.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Maternal Deaths Worldwide Have Almost Halved In 25 Years [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Transportation Services: Better Dissemination and Oversight of DOT’s Guidance Could Lead to Improved Access for Limited English-Proficient Populations (No. GAO-06-52). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, J.G., 2012. An Exploration of the Psychosocial Aspects of Weight Among College Students in the College Environment (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hay, G., Cyran, R., 2011. Long Road Back for Greek Banks. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Olsen, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Odegaard and Chawla, 2013; Olsen, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Odegaard and Chawla, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Freedman et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Production and Consumption
AbbreviationSustain. Prod. Consum.
ISSN (print)2352-5509

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