How to format your references using the Sustainable Production and Consumption citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Production and Consumption. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vousden, K.H., 2005. Apoptosis. p53 and PUMA: a deadly duo. Science 309, 1685–1686.
A journal article with 2 authors
Siddiqi, I., Clarke, J., 2006. Physics. Entangled solid-state circuits. Science 313, 1400–1401.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saper, C.B., Scammell, T.E., Lu, J., 2005. Hypothalamic regulation of sleep and circadian rhythms. Nature 437, 1257–1263.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Osterlund, M.T., Hardtke, C.S., Wei, N., Deng, X.W., 2000. Targeted destabilization of HY5 during light-regulated development of Arabidopsis. Nature 405, 462–466.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Massari, M., Gianfrate, G., Zanetti, L., 2016. Corporate Valuation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Law, E.L.-C., Hvannberg, E.T., Cockton, G. (Eds.), 2008. Maturing Usability: Quality in Software, Interaction and Value, Human-Computer Interaction Series. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Simón Mata, A., Bataller Torras, A., Cabrera Carrillo, J.A., Ezquerro Juanco, F., Guerra Fernández, A.J., Nadal Martínez, F., Ortiz Fernández, A., 2016. Balancing of Machinery, in: Bataller Torras, A., Cabrera Carrillo, J.A., Ezquerro Juanco, F., Guerra Fernández, A.J., Nadal Martínez, F., Ortiz Fernández, A. (Eds.), Fundamentals of Machine Theory and Mechanisms, Mechanisms and Machine Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 195–231.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Production and Consumption.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How Neutrinos, Which Barely Exist, Just Ran Off With Another Nobel Prize [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Transportation Infrastructure: Better Tools Needed for Making Decisions on Using ISTEA Funds Flexibly (No. RCED-94-25). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clarke, P.N., 2008. Program evaluation: A study to evaluate the effectiveness of an alternative education program in a rural county of a mid-Atlantic U.S. state (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M.M., 2017. Typically Chummy Ritual Offers Moment of Catharsis. New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vousden, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Siddiqi and Clarke, 2006; Vousden, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Siddiqi and Clarke, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Osterlund et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Production and Consumption
AbbreviationSustain. Prod. Consum.
ISSN (print)2352-5509

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