How to format your references using the Sustainable Production and Consumption citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Production and Consumption. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beall, J., 2012. Predatory publishers are corrupting open access. Nature 489, 179.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berman, D.E., Dudai, Y., 2001. Memory extinction, learning anew, and learning the new: dissociations in the molecular machinery of learning in cortex. Science 291, 2417–2419.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aboelella, N.W., Reynolds, A.M., Tolman, W.B., 2004. Biophysics. Catching copper in the act. Science 304, 836–837.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Parlati, F., McNew, J.A., Fukuda, R., Miller, R., Söllner, T.H., Rothman, J.E., 2000. Topological restriction of SNARE-dependent membrane fusion. Nature 407, 194–198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vaughan, D., Robinson, N., Lucas, N., Arulkumaran, S., 2010. Handbook of Obstetric High Dependency Care. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Willis-Esqueda, C. (Ed.), 2008. Motivational Aspects of Prejudice and Racism, THE NEBRASKA SYMPOSIUM ON MOTIVATION. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Faller, M., 2012. Plato’s Pythagorean Cosmos: Order and Chaos in the Intelligence of Natural Design, in: Swan, L., Gordon, R., Seckbach, J. (Eds.), Origin(s) of Design in Nature: A Fresh, Interdisciplinary Look at How Design Emerges in Complex Systems, Especially Life, Cellular Origin, Life in Extreme Habitats and Astrobiology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 59–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Production and Consumption.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. America’s Most Lethal Animal [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Aviation Safety and Security: Challenges to Implementing the Recommendations of the White House Commission on Aviation Safety and Security (No. T-RCED-97-90). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Trinooson, T.E., 2010. CFD investigations of a round jet with coil insert in crossflow (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosen, J., 2012. Who Do They Think You Are? New York Times MM40.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Beall, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Beall, 2012; Berman and Dudai, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berman and Dudai, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Parlati et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Production and Consumption
AbbreviationSustain. Prod. Consum.
ISSN (print)2352-5509

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