How to format your references using the Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sweatt JD. Neuroscience. Epigenetics and cognitive aging. Science 2010;328:701–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lavier LL, Manatschal G. A mechanism to thin the continental lithosphere at magma-poor margins. Nature 2006;440:324–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zaimi K, Ishak A, Pop I. Boundary layer flow and heat transfer over a nonlinearly permeable stretching/shrinking sheet in a nanofluid. Sci Rep 2014;4:4404.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
del Pozo MA, Alderson NB, Kiosses WB, Chiang H-H, Anderson RGW, Schwartz MA. Integrins regulate Rac targeting by internalization of membrane domains. Science 2004;303:839–42.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Etheridge D. Excel® Data Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Manfredi R. Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography (MRCP): Biliary and Pancreatic Ducts. Milano: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Šunjić V, Petrović Peroković V. Disconnection with Participation of Two Functional Groups. In: Petrović Peroković V, editor. Organic Chemistry from Retrosynthesis to Asymmetric Synthesis, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 67–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments.

Blog post
Andrew E. Some people think astrology is a science – here’s why. IFLScience 2014.–-heres-why/ (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Family Education Loan Program: Statutory and Regulatory Changes Could Avert Billions in Unnecessary Federal Subsidy Payments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wenger MC. Free-choice family learning experiences at informal astronomy observing events. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. A Foreign Game Looks Very American. New York Times 2010:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments
AbbreviationSustain. Energy Technol. Assessments
ISSN (print)2213-1388
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles