How to format your references using the Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pierrehumbert RT. Warming the world. Nature 2004;432:677.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bianco P, Robey PG. Stem cells in tissue engineering. Nature 2001;414:118–21.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shalm LK, Adamson RBA, Steinberg AM. Squeezing and over-squeezing of triphotons. Nature 2009;457:67–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schneble D, Torii Y, Boyd M, Streed EW, Pritchard DE, Ketterle W. The onset of matter-wave amplification in a superradiant Bose-Einstein condensate. Science 2003;300:475–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shover L. Trading Options in Turbulent Markets. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Chin S. Pro Android Flash. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Ogisu T. Pedagogy in Cambodian Schools. In: Kitamura Y, Edwards DB, Sitha C, Williams JH, editors. The Political Economy of Schooling in Cambodia: Issues of Quality and Equity, New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016, p. 57–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments.

Blog post
Andrew E. Man’s Severed Finger Regrown Using Tissue From A Pig. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Missile Development: Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) Certification Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez J. Effective nonprofit collaborative networks. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L. Critiques of Proposal That Miss the Mark. New York Times 2017:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments
AbbreviationSustain. Energy Technol. Assessments
ISSN (print)2213-1388
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Other styles