How to format your references using the Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Burke D. Time for voices to be raised. Nature 2000;405:509.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Lin JY, Fisher DE. Melanocyte biology and skin pigmentation. Nature 2007;445:843–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Yu X, Jin L, Zhou ZH. 3.88 A structure of cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus by cryo-electron microscopy. Nature 2008;453:415–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Schulz M, Moshammer R, Fischer D, Kollmus H, Madison DH, Jones S, et al. Three-dimensional imaging of atomic four-body processes. Nature 2003;422:48–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Levy D. Practical Diabetes Care. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Chai CS, Lim CP, Tan CM, editors. Future Learning in Primary Schools: A Singapore Perspective. 1st ed. 2016. Singapore: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Torvik VI, Triantaphyllou E. Discovering Rules That Govern Monotone Phenomena. In: Triantaphyllou E, Felici G, editors. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Approaches Based on Rule Induction Techniques, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2006, p. 149–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. What Are False Memories? IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Disadvantaged Students: School Districts Have Used Title I Funds Primarily to Support Instruction. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Pulido MD. Self-Reported Emotional State as a Measure of Interpersonal Vulnerability. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hartocollis A. New Girl in School: Transgender Surgery at 18. New York Times 2015:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments
AbbreviationSustain. Energy Technol. Assessments
ISSN (print)2213-1388
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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