How to format your references using the Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Solow, A.R., 2013. Global warming: A call for peace on climate and conflict. Nature 497, 179–180.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stoneburner, R.L., Low-Beer, D., 2004. Population-level HIV declines and behavioral risk avoidance in Uganda. Science 304, 714–718.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dillon, R.J., Vennard, C.T., Charnley, A.K., 2000. Exploitation of gut bacteria in the locust. Nature 403, 851.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sturevik-Storm, A., Aldahan, A., Possnert, G., Berggren, A.-M., Muscheler, R., Dahl-Jensen, D., Vinther, B.M., Usoskin, I., 2014. 10Be climate fingerprints during the Eemian in the NEEM ice core, Greenland. Sci. Rep. 4, 6408.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McLaughlin, T.A., 2010. Nonprofit Mergers and Alliances. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Smeyers, P., Depaepe, M. (Eds.), 2010. Educational Research - the Ethics and Aesthetics of Statistics, Educational Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Neumann, S., van Teeseling, M.C.F., van Niftrik, L., 2013. Cell Biology of Anaerobic Ammonium-Oxidizing Bacteria: Unique Prokaryotes with an Energy-Conserving Intracellular Compartment, in: Fuerst, J.A. (Ed.), Planctomycetes: Cell Structure, Origins and Biology. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 89–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Tiny Vampires In Ancient Seas Sucked The Insides Out Of Their Prey [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1974. The Cost Of Aerospace Ground Equipment Could Be Reduced (No. B-177751). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Griffin, J.C., 2012. Animal and soul: Animals in Native American mythologies and the individuation process (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Weiser, B., 2015. Chinese Magnate Is Accused of Lying About Millions in Cash He Brought to U.S. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Solow, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Solow, 2013; Stoneburner and Low-Beer, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stoneburner and Low-Beer, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Sturevik-Storm et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy
AbbreviationSustain. Chem. Pharm.
ISSN (print)2352-5541

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