How to format your references using the Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nagaosa, N., 2007. Physics. A new state of quantum matter. Science 318, 758–759.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schirle, N.T., MacRae, I.J., 2012. The crystal structure of human Argonaute2. Science 336, 1037–1040.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kiesel, H., Renz, A., Hasselbach, F., 2002. Observation of Hanbury Brown-Twiss anticorrelations for free electrons. Nature 418, 392–394.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Koshiba, T., Detmer, S.A., Kaiser, J.T., Chen, H., McCaffery, J.M., Chan, D.C., 2004. Structural basis of mitochondrial tethering by mitofusin complexes. Science 305, 858–862.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blackwood, N., 2014. Advanced Excel Reporting for Management Accountants. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Helfert, M., Desprez, F., Ferguson, D., Leymann, F. (Eds.), 2014. Cloud Computing and Services Science: Third International Conference, CLOSER 2013, Aachen, Germany, May 8-10, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Lenk, A., Pallas, F., 2013. Modeling Quality Attributes of Cloud-Standby-Systems, in: Lau, K.-K., Lamersdorf, W., Pimentel, E. (Eds.), Service-Oriented and Cloud Computing: Second European Conference, ESOCC 2013, Málaga, Spain, September 11-13, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 49–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2017. Does Your Smartphone Make You Less Likely To Trust Others? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Passenger Rail Security: Enhanced Federal Leadership Needed to Prioritize and Guide Security Efforts (No. GAO-05-851). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Doyle, J.J., 2012. Under the influence: High risk social networks and recidivism (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2009. Unusual Place for a Tent. New York Times NJ15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nagaosa, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Nagaosa, 2007; Schirle and MacRae, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schirle and MacRae, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Koshiba et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy
AbbreviationSustain. Chem. Pharm.
ISSN (print)2352-5541

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