How to format your references using the Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garber, K., 2007. Science careers. Translational institute unites unlikely partners at Penn. Science 317, 968–969.
A journal article with 2 authors
Woolhouse, M.E.J., Ward, M.J., 2013. Microbiology. Sources of antimicrobial resistance. Science 341, 1460–1461.
A journal article with 3 authors
Esvelt, K.M., Carlson, J.C., Liu, D.R., 2011. A system for the continuous directed evolution of biomolecules. Nature 472, 499–503.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, Y., Pan, Q., Chai, G., Liang, M., Dong, G., Zhang, Q., Qiu, J., 2013. Synthesis and luminescence mechanism of multicolor-emitting g-C3N4 nanopowders by low temperature thermal condensation of melamine. Sci. Rep. 3, 1943.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Killops, S., Killops, V., 2004. Introduction to Organic Geochemistry. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Malden, MA USA.
An edited book
Kunz, T., Ravi, S.S. (Eds.), 2006. Ad-Hoc, Mobile, and Wireless Networks: 5th International Conference, ADHOC-NOW 2006, Ottawa, Canada, August 17-19, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Harts, W., Berkeley, A., Filippa, L., Ross, J., Sofianos, G., Tabb, L., Wright, M., 2008. Emergence of New Competition: Alternative Sources of Liquidity, in: Colaninno, A., Byrne, J.A., Schwartz, R.A. (Eds.), Competition in a Consolidating Environment. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 53–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Scientists Erase Memories With Light [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Social Security Downsizing: Significant Savings but Some Service Quality and Operational Problems (No. HRD-91-63). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arzaga, C.B., 2012. Homeless shelter program for the elderly in Los Angeles, California: A grant writing project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2008. A Cornucopia Of Produce. New York Times NJ14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Garber, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Garber, 2007; Woolhouse and Ward, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Woolhouse and Ward, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy
AbbreviationSustain. Chem. Pharm.
ISSN (print)2352-5541

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