How to format your references using the Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Howard, A., 2014. Building the bionic woman. Science 346, 274.
A journal article with 2 authors
Britt, R.D., Oyala, P.H., 2014. Biochemistry. One step closer to O₂. Science 345, 736.
A journal article with 3 authors
Provenzano, V., Shapiro, A.J., Shull, R.D., 2004. Reduction of hysteresis losses in the magnetic refrigerant Gd5Ge2Si2 by the addition of iron. Nature 429, 853–857.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Koshnick, N.C., Bluhm, H., Huber, M.E., Moler, K.A., 2007. Fluctuation superconductivity in mesoscopic aluminum rings. Science 318, 1440–1443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Upreti, S.R., 2017. Process Modeling and Simulation for Chemical Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Acar, C., 2009. MEMS Vibratory Gyroscopes: Structural Approaches to Improve Robustness, MEMS Reference Shelf. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Abdulrahman, R., Neagu, D., Holton, D.R.W., Ridley, M., Lan, Y., 2013. Data Extraction from Online Social Networks Using Application Programming Interface in a Multi Agent System Approach, in: Nguyen, N.T. (Ed.), Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XI, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 88–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Humans Are Wired For Prejudice But That Doesn’t Have To Be The End Of The Story [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. No Child Left Behind Act: Education Could Do More to Help States Better Define Graduation Rates and Improve Knowledge about Intervention Strategies (No. GAO-05-879). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
RinconGallardo, T.J., 2010. The effect of the use of learning journals on the development of metacognition in undergraduate students (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2002. The Bus Doesn’t Stop Here Anymore. New York Times 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Howard, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Britt and Oyala, 2014; Howard, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Britt and Oyala, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Koshnick et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy
AbbreviationSustain. Chem. Pharm.
ISSN (print)2352-5541

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