How to format your references using the Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kramers, J., 2001. Geology. The smile of the Cheshire cat. Science 293, 619–620.
A journal article with 2 authors
Riordan, O., Warnke, L., 2011. Explosive percolation is continuous. Science 333, 322–324.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wara, M.W., Ravelo, A.C., Delaney, M.L., 2005. Permanent El Niño-like conditions during the Pliocene warm period. Science 309, 758–761.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Husko, C.A., Clark, A.S., Collins, M.J., De Rossi, A., Combrié, S., Lehoucq, G., Rey, I.H., Krauss, T.F., Xiong, C., Eggleton, B.J., 2013. Multi-photon absorption limits to heralded single photon sources. Sci. Rep. 3, 3087.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ezra, D., Collie, B., Smith, M.X., 2009. The Retirement Plan Solution. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lachapelle, J.-M., Bruze, M., Elsner, P.U. (Eds.), 2014. Patch Testing Tips: Recommendations from the ICDRG. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Møller, J., 2016. Norway: Researching Norwegian Principals, in: Ärlestig, H., Day, C., Johansson, O. (Eds.), A Decade of Research on School Principals: Cases from 24 Countries. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 77–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Vast Galactic Collisions Create Dark Matter Laboratory [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. U.S. Preparations for an International Conference on Broadcast Satellites (No. RCED-83-121). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schutt, R., 2010. Topics in model-based population inference (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2006. Hermitage Is Reeling From Loss Of Artworks. New York Times E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kramers, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Kramers, 2001; Riordan and Warnke, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Riordan and Warnke, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Husko et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy
AbbreviationSustain. Chem. Pharm.
ISSN (print)2352-5541

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