How to format your references using the Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Howard, K., 2003. The view from the top. Nature 426, 696–697.
A journal article with 2 authors
Piperno, D.R., Sues, H.-D., 2005. Paleontology. Dinosaurs dined on grass. Science 310, 1126–1128.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grover, T., Sheng, D.N., Vishwanath, A., 2014. Emergent space-time supersymmetry at the boundary of a topological phase. Science 344, 280–283.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brand, A., Behrend, O., Marquardt, T., McAlpine, D., Grothe, B., 2002. Precise inhibition is essential for microsecond interaural time difference coding. Nature 417, 543–547.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kulkarni, S., Harman, G., 2011. An Elementary Introduction to Statistical Learning Theory: Kulkarni/Statistical Learning Theory, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Pelton, J.N., Allahdadi, F. (Eds.), 2015. Handbook of Cosmic Hazards and Planetary Defense. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Dhakal, S., 2015. Evolution of Geomorphologic Hazards in Hindu Kush Himalaya, in: Nibanupudi, H.K., Shaw, R. (Eds.), Mountain Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction, Disaster Risk Reduction. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 53–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Realistic Robot Faces Aren’t Enough – We Need Emotion To Put Us At Ease With Androids [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1970. Improved Accounting Control Over Equipment at the Kennedy Space Center (No. B-169658). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tapal, S.S., 2012. Is the fourth generation of Six Sigma an effective professional development model in K-12 education? (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meier, B., 2017. Branding Ritual Scarred Women in Secret Circle. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Howard, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Howard, 2003; Piperno and Sues, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Piperno and Sues, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Brand et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleSustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy
AbbreviationSustain. Chem. Pharm.
ISSN (print)2352-5541

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