How to format your references using the Ophthalmic Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ophthalmic Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bloom BR. On the particularity of pathogens. Nature. 2000;406(6797):760-761.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Handschin C, Spiegelman BM. The role of exercise and PGC1alpha in inflammation and chronic disease. Nature. 2008;454(7203):463-469.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kennedy S, Wang D, Ruvkun G. A conserved siRNA-degrading RNase negatively regulates RNA interference in C. elegans. Nature. 2004;427(6975):645-649.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Schmidt MWI, Torn MS, Abiven S, et al. Persistence of soil organic matter as an ecosystem property. Nature. 2011;478(7367):49-56.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sadr A. Interest Rate Swaps and Their Derivatives. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1.
Ganascia J-G, Lenca P, Petit J-M, eds. Discovery Science: 15th International Conference, DS 2012, Lyon, France, October 29-31, 2012. Proceedings. Vol 7569. Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Restivo S. Theory of Mind, Social Science, and Mathematical Practice. In: Kerkhove B van, Bendegem JP van, eds. Perspectives On Mathematical Practices: Bringing Together Philosophy of Mathematics, Sociology of Mathematics, and Mathematics Education. Springer Netherlands; 2007:61-79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ophthalmic Genetics.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. China Has Apparently Been Testing The EmDrive In Space. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Higher Education: Activities Underway to Improve Teacher Training, but Reporting on These Activities Could Be Enhanced. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bremond DS. When women win: Prominent leadership traits that contributed to the successful election of women in California. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. U.S. Program Can Take Heart in Germany’s Win. New York Times. July 9, 2014:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOphthalmic Genetics
AbbreviationOphthalmic Genet.
ISSN (print)1381-6810
ISSN (online)1744-5094
ScopeGenetics(clinical)
Ophthalmology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles