How to format your references using the Ophthalmic Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ophthalmic Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hynek BM. Implications for hydrologic processes on Mars from extensive bedrock outcrops throughout Terra Meridiani. Nature. 2004;431(7005):156-159.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Martin P, Parkhurst SM. Development. May the force be with you. Science. 2003;300(5616):63-65.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cho MK, McGee G, Magnus D. Research conduct. Lessons of the stem cell scandal. Science. 2006;311(5761):614-615.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Mold JE, Michaëlsson J, Burt TD, et al. Maternal alloantigens promote the development of tolerogenic fetal regulatory T cells in utero. Science. 2008;322(5907):1562-1565.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ersoy OK. Diffraction, Fourier Optics and Imaging. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1.
Dolev S, ed. Distributed Computing: 20th International Symposium, DISC 2006, Stockholm, Sweden, September 18-20, 2006. Proceedings. Vol 4167. Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
El-Metwally S, Ouda OM, Helmy M. Challenges in the Next-Generation Sequencing Field. In: Ouda OM, Helmy M, eds. Next Generation Sequencing Technologies and Challenges in Sequence Assembly. SpringerBriefs in Systems Biology. Springer; 2014:45-49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ophthalmic Genetics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. World First: Woman Receives Tissue Graft Made From Induced Stem Cells. IFLScience. Published September 12, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/world-first-woman-receives-tissue-graft-made-induced-stem-cells/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Felsburg DF. The Business of Evangelism: A Phenomenological Study of Frustration and Attrition among Christian Evangelists. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
ROBERT KELLY; Robert Kelly is a poet who teaches literature, writing at Bard College. “I’D RATHER BE A GREAT BAD POET.” New York Times. February 11, 1990:77.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleOphthalmic Genetics
AbbreviationOphthalmic Genet.
ISSN (print)1381-6810
ISSN (online)1744-5094
ScopeGenetics(clinical)
Ophthalmology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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