How to format your references using the Research in Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Mather JC. HISTORY OF SCIENCE: Science and Sputnik. Science 2007;318:52–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Mimitou EP, Symington LS. Sae2, Exo1 and Sgs1 collaborate in DNA double-strand break processing. Nature 2008;455:770–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Jackson A, Mavoori J, Fetz EE. Long-term motor cortex plasticity induced by an electronic neural implant. Nature 2006;444:56–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Chierico L, Joseph AS, Lewis AL, Battaglia G. Live cell imaging of membrane/cytoskeleton interactions and membrane topology. Sci Rep 2014;4:6056.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Moore RG, Garland A. Cognitive Therapy for Chronic and Persistent Depression. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Makar K, Dole S, Visnovska J, Goos M, Bennison A, Fry K, editors. Research in Mathematics Education in Australasia 2012-2015. Singapore: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Rivlin RS. An Introduction to Non-Linear Continuum Mechanics. In: Rilvil RS, editor. Non-linear Continuum Theories in Mechanics and Physics and their Applications, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 151–309.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Microbiology.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Two Studies Conclude That Fracking Bad For Health. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/two-studies-show-fracking-bad-health-embargoed-1700gmt-14th-oct/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle Main Engine: NASA Has Not Evaluated the Alternate Fuel Turbopump Costs and Benefits. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Khayyat AM. Use of near field communication technology to prevent consumption and usage of expired products. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly M. First Lady and Top Official Visit, Both Named Hillary Clinton. New York Times 1993:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Microbiology
AbbreviationRes. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0923-2508
ScopeMolecular Biology
Microbiology
General Medicine

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