How to format your references using the Research in Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Albarède F. Rogue mantle helium and neon. Science 2008;319:943–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Pardo M, Nurse P. Equatorial retention of the contractile actin ring by microtubules during cytokinesis. Science 2003;300:1569–74.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Larsen RE, Glover WJ, Schwartz BJ. Does the hydrated electron occupy a cavity? Science 2010;329:65–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Thoma R, Schulz-Gasch T, D’Arcy B, Benz J, Aebi J, Dehmlow H, et al. Insight into steroid scaffold formation from the structure of human oxidosqualene cyclase. Nature 2004;432:118–22.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Cohen M. Mind Games. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Cheung N-KV, Cohn SL, editors. Neuroblastoma. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Best E, Wimmel H. Structure Theory of Petri Nets. In: Jensen K, Aalst WMP van der, Balbo G, Koutny M, Wolf K, editors. Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency VII, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 162–224.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Microbiology.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. Watch As The Sun Devours A Comet. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Whistleblower Protection Program: Opportunities Exist for OSHA and DOT to Strengthen Collaborative Mechanisms. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Black AM. Evaluating the Effectiveness of an Ohio Statewide Agricultural Leadership Program. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1]
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Kidnapped Boy Freed After Three Years. New York Times 2003:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Microbiology
AbbreviationRes. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0923-2508
ScopeMolecular Biology
Microbiology
General Medicine

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