How to format your references using the Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sundqvist, B. (2014). Mapping intermolecular bonding in C₆₀. Scientific Reports, 4, 6171.
A journal article with 2 authors
Janvier, P., & Arsenault, M. (2002). Palaeobiology: calcification of early vertebrate cartilage. Nature, 417(6889), 609.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mulch, A., Graham, S. A., & Chamberlain, C. P. (2006). Hydrogen isotopes in Eocene river gravels and paleoelevation of the Sierra Nevada. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5783), 87–89.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, H., Yao, J., Shao, J., Li, H., Li, S., Bao, D., … Yang, G. (2014). Anomalous photoelectric effect of a polycrystalline topological insulator film. Scientific Reports, 4, 5876.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levin, M. A., & Kalal, T. T. (2005). Improving Product Reliability. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dodgson, N. A., Floater, M. S., & Sabin, M. A. (Eds.). (2005). Advances in Multiresolution for Geometric Modelling. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, M., & He, G. (2006). Fast Mode Decision Algorithm in H.263+/H.264 Intra Transcoder. In Y. Zhuang, S.-Q. Yang, Y. Rui, & Q. He (Eds.), Advances in Multimedia Information Processing - PCM 2006: 7th Pacific Rim Conference on Multimedia, Hangzhou, China, November 2-4, 2006. Proceedings (pp. 41–47). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, December 9). Scientists Recreate First Spark Of Life. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Alleged Violations of the Kentucky State Plan for Vocational Education and Federal Regulations on Vocational Education by the Kentucky Department of Education (No. B-164031(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Englebrecht, K. M. (2012). Healing the invisible wounds: A grant proposal for female veterans suffering from PTSD (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Curran, M. (2015, December 28). New Yorkers for White Sauce. New York Times, p. A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sundqvist, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Janvier & Arsenault, 2002; Sundqvist, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Janvier & Arsenault, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Mulch, Graham, & Chamberlain, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleStudies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics
AbbreviationStud. Hist. Philos. Sci. B Stud. Hist. Philos. Modern Phys.
ISSN (print)1355-2198
History and Philosophy of Science
General Physics and Astronomy

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