How to format your references using the Studia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barnes, Peter J. “Medicine. Neutrophils Find Smoke Attractive.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330, no. 6000 (October 1, 2010): 40–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pearse, A-M, and K. Swift. “Allograft Theory: Transmission of Devil Facial-Tumour Disease.” Nature 439, no. 7076 (February 2, 2006): 549.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, Catherine E., Bertrand Llorente, and Lorraine S. Symington. “Template Switching during Break-Induced Replication.” Nature 447, no. 7140 (May 3, 2007): 102–5.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hennigs, Jan K., Hans Jörg Baumann, Nicole Lüneburg, Gesine Quast, Lars Harbaum, Jan Heyckendorf, Karsten Sydow, Bernhard Schulte-Hubbert, Michael Halank, and Hans Klose. “Fibrinogen Plasma Concentration Is an Independent Marker of Haemodynamic Impairment in Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension.” Scientific Reports 4 (April 28, 2014): 4808.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, and American Industrial Hygiene Association. Continuous Monitoring for Hazardous Material Releases. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009.
An edited book
Doerfler, Walter, and Petra Böhm, eds. Epigenetics - A Different Way of Looking at Genetics. 1st ed. 2016. Epigenetics and Human Health. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Balle, Johannes D. “Husserls Typisierende Apperzeption Und Die Phänomenologie Dynamischer Intentionalität.” In Meaning and Language: Phenomenological Perspectives, edited by Filip Mattens, 89–104. Phaenomenologica. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2008.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. “Atmospheric Winds Could Help Us Study The Magnetic Field Of Exoplanets.” IFLScience. IFLScience, May 16, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Information Technology: OMB and Agencies Need to More Effectively Implement Major Initiatives to Save Billions of Dollars.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, July 25, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Phillips, Tracy L. “‘Outsider Within’ Narratives of Diversity Leadership: An Exploratory Case Study of Executive Women of Color.” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, Sophia. “Is the Field Getting Too Crowded?” New York Times, September 9, 2001.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleStudia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology
ISSN (print)0039-338X
ISSN (online)1502-7791
ScopeReligious studies

Other styles