How to format your references using the Studia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Segalman, Rachel A. “Materials Science. Directing Self-Assembly toward Perfection.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321, no. 5891 (August 15, 2008): 919–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Balasubramanian, Mukund, and Eric L. Schwartz. “The Isomap Algorithm and Topological Stability.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295, no. 5552 (January 4, 2002): 7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jones, Daniel L., Robert C. Brewster, and Rob Phillips. “Promoter Architecture Dictates Cell-to-Cell Variability in Gene Expression.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 346, no. 6216 (December 19, 2014): 1533–36.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Di Cristo, G., N. Berardi, L. Cancedda, T. Pizzorusso, E. Putignano, G. M. Ratto, and L. Maffei. “Requirement of ERK Activation for Visual Cortical Plasticity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 292, no. 5525 (June 22, 2001): 2337–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Luther, George W., III. Inorganic Chemistry for Geochemistry and Environmental Sciences. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
Perner, Petra, ed. Machine Learning and Data Mining in Pattern Recognition: 7th International Conference, MLDM 2011, New York, NY, USA, August 30 – September 3, 2011. Proceedings. Vol. 6871. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Buonanno, Alessandra. “Gravitational Wave Astronomy.” In Astronomy at the Frontiers of Science, edited by Jean-Pierre Lasota, 87–106. Integrated Science & Technology Program. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. “Light From 12 BILLION Year Old Explosion Reaches Earth.” IFLScience. IFLScience, June 5, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Telecommunications: Greater Involvement Needed by FCC in the Management and Oversight of the E-Rate Program.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, February 9, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramos, Edwin. “Emergency Department Utilization among Medicare Enrollees: A Project Report.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Arango, Tim. “ISIS, Praising Its ‘Hero Soldier,’ Claims Responsibility for Istanbul Attack.” New York Times, January 2, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleStudia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology
ISSN (print)0039-338X
ISSN (online)1502-7791
ScopeReligious studies

Other styles