How to format your references using the Studia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R. “Golf Course Threatens to Leave Hole in Fossil Records.” Nature 412, no. 6847 (August 9, 2001): 572.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ide, Masakazu, and Souta Hidaka. “Tactile Stimulation Can Suppress Visual Perception.” Scientific Reports 3 (December 13, 2013): 3453.
A journal article with 3 authors
Petrascheck, Michael, Xiaolan Ye, and Linda B. Buck. “An Antidepressant That Extends Lifespan in Adult Caenorhabditis Elegans.” Nature 450, no. 7169 (November 22, 2007): 553–56.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hu, Pengfei, Yali Cao, Dianzeng Jia, Qiang Li, and Ruili Liu. “Engineering the Metathesis and Oxidation-Reduction Reaction in Solid State at Room Temperature for Nanosynthesis.” Scientific Reports 4 (March 10, 2014): 4153.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dowd, Kevin. Measuring Market Risk. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2005.
An edited book
Mikhalovsky, Sergey, and Abdukhakim Khajibaev, eds. Biodefence: Advanced Materials and Methods for Health Protection. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Goodyer, Paul. “Renal Dysplasia/Hypoplasia.” In Pediatric Nephrology: Sixth Completely Revised, Updated and Enlarged Edition, edited by Ellis Avner, William Harmon, Patrick Niaudet, and Norishige Yoshikawa, 107–20. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. “Enormous Cavern Containing A Knights Templar Church Has Been Found Hiding Beneath A Farmer’s Field.” IFLScience. IFLScience, March 8, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Commercial Launch Vehicles: NASA Taking Measures to Manage Delays and Risks.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, May 26, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Whited, Jennifer E. “An Investigation of Struggling Learners’ Motivation to Read.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, Helene. “Bush Is Likely to End Term With Iran Issue Unsettled.” New York Times, June 21, 2008.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleStudia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology
ISSN (print)0039-338X
ISSN (online)1502-7791
ScopeReligious studies

Other styles