How to format your references using the Studia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Primack, Joel. “Astronomy. Hidden Growth of Supermassive Black Holes in Galaxy Mergers.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328, no. 5978 (April 30, 2010): 576–78.
A journal article with 2 authors
Plug, L. J., and B. T. Werner. “Nonlinear Dynamics of Ice-Wedge Networks and Resulting Sensitivity to Severe Cooling Events.” Nature 417, no. 6892 (June 27, 2002): 929–33.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tagliabue, Giulia, Hadi Eghlidi, and Dimos Poulikakos. “Rapid-Response Low Infrared Emission Broadband Ultrathin Plasmonic Light Absorber.” Scientific Reports 4 (November 24, 2014): 7181.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Xu, Wei, Huimin Zhang, Gang Li, and Zucheng Wu. “Nickel-Cobalt Bimetallic Anode Catalysts for Direct Urea Fuel Cell.” Scientific Reports 4 (August 29, 2014): 5863.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rodriguez, Jean, and Damien Bonne. Stereoselective Multiple Bond-Forming Transformations in Organic Synthesis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015.
An edited book
Dickson, Robert R., Jens Meincke, and Peter Rhines, eds. Arctic–Subarctic Ocean Fluxes: Defining the Role of the Northern Seas in Climate. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Sotelo, Juan C., and Jorge M. Seminario. “Some Recent Studies on the Local Reactivity of O2 on Pt3 Nanoislands Supported on Mono- and Bi-Metallic Backgrounds.” In Theory and Experiment in Electrocatalysis, edited by Perla B. Balbuena and Venkat R. Subramanian, 203–42. Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry. New York, NY: Springer, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. “All-Female Hybrid Salamanders Take Genes From Males Of Three Different Species To Breed.” IFLScience. IFLScience, June 13, 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Federal Programs for Education of the Handicapped: Issues and Problems.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, December 5, 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chotkevys, Debra L. “A Grounded Theory Study to Explore How Nurses Overcome Barriers to Spiritual Care.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, George Gene. “First Strokes To Becoming Aquaman.” New York Times, May 27, 2011.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleStudia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology
ISSN (print)0039-338X
ISSN (online)1502-7791
ScopeReligious studies

Other styles