How to format your references using the Studia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ellis, John. “Higgs Boson: The Need for New Physics.” Nature 481, no. 7379 (January 4, 2012): 24.
A journal article with 2 authors
Donaldson, Zoe R., and Larry J. Young. “Oxytocin, Vasopressin, and the Neurogenetics of Sociality.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322, no. 5903 (November 7, 2008): 900–904.
A journal article with 3 authors
Santiago, Julia, Christine Henzler, and Michael Hothorn. “Molecular Mechanism for Plant Steroid Receptor Activation by Somatic Embryogenesis Co-Receptor Kinases.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 341, no. 6148 (August 23, 2013): 889–92.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Harris, Kenneth D., Darrell A. Henze, Hajime Hirase, Xavier Leinekugel, George Dragoi, Andras Czurkó, and György Buzsáki. “Spike Train Dynamics Predicts Theta-Related Phase Precession in Hippocampal Pyramidal Cells.” Nature 417, no. 6890 (June 13, 2002): 738–41.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goossens, François. How to Implement Market Models Using VBA. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
Crines, Andrew S. The Political Rhetoric and Oratory of Margaret Thatcher. Edited by Timothy Heppell and Peter Dorey. Rhetoric, Politics and Society. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Irfan Rafique, Muhammad, Marco Porsch, and Thomas Bauschert. “Simple Modifications in HWMP for Wireless Mesh Networks with Smart Antennas.” In Energy-Aware Communications: 17th International Workshop, EUNICE 2011, Dresden, Germany, September 5-7, 2011. Proceedings, edited by Ralf Lehnert, 21–30. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. “NASA Just Released 56 Of Their Technology Patents For Free Public Use.” IFLScience. IFLScience, May 10, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Civil Agency Aircraft: Agencies’ Use of Certain Aircraft to Transport Passengers.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, August 1, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rus, Emily L. “A Grant Proposal for Program ‘Tech Connect’: Bridging the Generations through Technology Coaching.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
CHRISTOPHER KELLY; Christopher Kelly is a fellow in ancient history at Pembroke College, and Cambridge. “Paganism Was Alive and Well.” New York Times, September 23, 1990.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleStudia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology
ISSN (print)0039-338X
ISSN (online)1502-7791
ScopeReligious studies

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