How to format your references using the Studia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Studia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fox, Robert O. “Obituary: Frederic Richards (1925-2009).” Nature 457, no. 7232 (February 19, 2009): 976.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oncescu, Vlad, and David Erickson. “High Volumetric Power Density, Non-Enzymatic, Glucose Fuel Cells.” Scientific Reports 3 (February 6, 2013): 1226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Riddihough, Guy, Beverly A. Purnell, and John Travis. “Freedom of Expression. Introduction to Special Issue.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319, no. 5871 (March 28, 2008): 1781.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lavallée, Y., P. G. Meredith, D. B. Dingwell, K-U Hess, J. Wassermann, B. Cordonnier, A. Gerik, and J. H. Kruhl. “Seismogenic Lavas and Explosive Eruption Forecasting.” Nature 453, no. 7194 (May 22, 2008): 507–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ollivier, Jean-Pierre, Jean-Michel Torrenti, and Myriam Carcassès. Physical Properties of Concrete and Concrete Constituents. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
Gilbert, Bruce R., ed. Ultrasound of the Male Genitalia. New York, NY: Springer, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Yoshimura, Takuya, Yutaro Fujii, and Takayuki Ito. “Grouping Co-Occurrence Filtering Based on Bayesian Filtering.” In Advanced Research in Applied Artificial Intelligence: 25th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2012, Dalian, China, June 9-12, 2012. Proceedings, edited by He Jiang, Wei Ding, Moonis Ali, and Xindong Wu, 30–39. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Studia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. “How The Brain Reads Music: The Evidence For Musical Dyslexia.” IFLScience. IFLScience, April 9, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Mass Transit: Information on Federal Participation in Transit Benefit Programs.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, November 13, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gwaduri, Erum. “A Personal Narrative: Struggles and Experiences of Acculturation as a Pakistani Shia Muslim While Battling Immigration.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meyer, Jeffrey A., and Linda Ross Meyer. “Abolish Parole.” New York Times, October 28, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleStudia Theologica - Nordic Journal of Theology
ISSN (print)0039-338X
ISSN (online)1502-7791
ScopeReligious studies

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