How to format your references using the Structural Safety citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Structural Safety. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Shepherd GM. Smell images and the flavour system in the human brain. Nature 2006;444:316–21.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hwang J, Druffel ERM. Lipid-like material as the source of the uncharacterized organic carbon in the ocean? Science 2003;299:881–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Long SB, Campbell EB, Mackinnon R. Crystal structure of a mammalian voltage-dependent Shaker family K+ channel. Science 2005;309:897–903.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Carulla N, Caddy GL, Hall DR, Zurdo J, Gairí M, Feliz M, et al. Molecular recycling within amyloid fibrils. Nature 2005;436:554–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Desai J. Innovation Engine. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Gabryś-Barker D, Gałajda D, editors. Positive Psychology Perspectives on Foreign Language Learning and Teaching. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Jalabert A, Amara A, Clermidy F. Modeling of the Molecular Nwfet Transistor. In: Amara A, Clermidy F, editors. Molecular Electronics Materials, Devices and Applications, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008, p. 99–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Structural Safety.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Solved: The Mystery Of Why It’s Impossible To Pull Apart Interleaved Phone Books. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Financial Literacy: Enhancing the Effectiveness of the Federal Government’s Role. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Grzeda S. Use of Binomial Cluster Analysis in the Identification of Temporary Disaster Debris Management Sites. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly C. Texas Film: It’s Not Just About Slackers Anymore. New York Times 2013:A27B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStructural Safety
AbbreviationStruct. Saf.
ISSN (print)0167-4730
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Building and Construction

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