How to format your references using the Structural Safety citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Structural Safety. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Money NP. Fungal get-together. Nature 2000;405:751.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Burdyga T, Wray S. Action potential refractory period in ureter smooth muscle is set by Ca sparks and BK channels. Nature 2005;436:559–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Shapiro L, McAdams HH, Losick R. Generating and exploiting polarity in bacteria. Science 2002;298:1942–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wang W, Liu Y, Tang L, Jin Y, Zhao T, Xiu F. Controllable Schottky barriers between MoS2 and permalloy. Sci Rep 2014;4:6928.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Lindahl D. Multi-Family Millions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Cohen YE, Popper AN, Fay RR, editors. Neural Correlates of Auditory Cognition. vol. 45. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gärtner C, Ortmann G. Recursiveness: Relations between Bodies, Metaphors, Organizations and Institutions. In: Weik E, Walgenbach P, editors. Institutions Inc, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016, p. 94–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Structural Safety.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. New EPA Chief Outlines How He’s Going To Neuter His Own Agency. IFLScience 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Broadband Performance: Additional Actions Could Help FCC Evaluate Its Efforts to Inform Consumers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Allard L. Exposure to Low-Level Ionizing Radiation and Risk of Leukemia and Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma in Participants of the Fernald Medical Monitoring Program. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Dinardo K. Tom Allen on His 32-Country Solo Bike Ride and the Video He Made About It. New York Times 2014:TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStructural Safety
AbbreviationStruct. Saf.
ISSN (print)0167-4730
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Building and Construction

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