How to format your references using the Strategic Design Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Design Research Journal (SDRJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
SIEGEL JS. 2004. Chemistry. Chemical topology and interlocking molecules. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5675):1256–1258.
A journal article with 2 authors
SAJISH M.; SCHIMMEL P. 2015. A human tRNA synthetase is a potent PARP1-activating effector target for resveratrol. Nature, 519(7543):370–373.
A journal article with 3 authors
FRIED SI.; MÜNCH TA.; WERBLIN FS. 2002. Mechanisms and circuitry underlying directional selectivity in the retina. Nature, 420(6914):411–414.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
ALUWIHARE A.; COHEN-TANNOUDJI C.; ERZAN A.; JACOB F.; POLANYI J.; VAN DIJK P.; VESENTINI E.; WIESEL T. 2002. In support of scientific exchange. Nature, 417(6890):690.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MACROBERTS. 2014. MacRoberts on Scottish Construction Contracts. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
ANGELINI C. (ed.) 2016. Acquired Neuromuscular Disorders: Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Treatment. Cham, Springer International Publishing. XI, 288 p. 43 illus., 27 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
IIZUKA M.; ZANLUNGO JP. 2016. Environmental Collapse and Institutional Restructuring: The Sanitary Crisis in the Chilean Salmon Industry. In: HOSONO A, IIZUKA M and KATZ J (eds.) Chile’s Salmon Industry: Policy Challenges in Managing Public Goods. Tokyo, Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Design Research Journal.

Blog post
ANDREW E. 2015. Landmark Trial Finds Injection Every Other Month Treats HIV Patients. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed on: October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. 1995. Denver International Airport: Baggage Handling, Contracting, and Other Issues. RCED-95-241FS. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
SUTHERLAND KA. 2009. The impact of early childhood programs on student achievement. Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO, Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
KELLY R. 1998. Are You Now or Have You Ever Been . . . New York Times. October 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Siegel, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Siegel, 2004, [CSL STYLE ERROR: reference with no printed form.]).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sajish and Schimmel, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Aluwihare et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Design Research Journal
ISSN (print)1984-2988

Other styles