How to format your references using the Strategic Design Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Design Research Journal (SDRJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
MOOERS AO. 2014. Biodiversity: Supply and demand. Nature, 509(7499):171–172.
A journal article with 2 authors
DOTTO GP.; COTSARELIS G. 2005. Developmental biology. Rac1 up for epidermal stem cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5736):890–891.
A journal article with 3 authors
TILMAN D.; HILL J.; LEHMAN C. 2006. Carbon-negative biofuels from low-input high-diversity grassland biomass. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5805):1598–1600.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
YAMAMOTO K.; GILDENBERG M.; AHUJA S.; IM S-C.; PEARCY P.; WASKELL L.; RAMAMOORTHY A. 2013. Probing the transmembrane structure and topology of microsomal cytochrome-p450 by solid-state NMR on temperature-resistant bicelles. Scientific reports, 32556.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
ALBRIGHT RD. 2013. Death of the Chesapeake. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
EL SAWY OA. 2013. Business Modelling in the Dynamic Digital Space: An Ecosystem Approach. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer. XIV, 68 p. 23 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
PEREIRA D.; OLIVEIRA E.; MOREIRA N. 2008. Formal Modelling of Emotions in BDI Agents. In: SADRI F and SATOH K (eds.) Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems: 8th International Workshop, CLIMA VIII, Porto, Portugal, September 10-11, 2007. Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Design Research Journal.

Blog post
CARPINETI C. 2017. These Images Of A Pug’s Skull Will Completely Ruin Your Day. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed on: October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. 1999. Federal Research: Information on International Science and Technology Agreements. RCED-99-108. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
TAAZ Z. 2017. Boiler automation and monitoring of temperature and steam flow using Simulink. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
WALSH MW. 2011. Peter Mullen, Power at a Leading Law Firm, Dies at 83. New York Times. October 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mooers, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Mooers, 2014; Dotto and Cotsarelis, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dotto and Cotsarelis, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamamoto et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Design Research Journal
ISSN (print)1984-2988

Other styles