How to format your references using the Strategic Design Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Design Research Journal (SDRJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
KING J. 2014. Climate science: A resolution of the Antarctic paradox. Nature, 505(7484):491–492.
A journal article with 2 authors
KARPLUS PA.; DIEDERICHS K. 2012. Linking crystallographic model and data quality. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6084):1030–1033.
A journal article with 3 authors
MONTEGGIA LM.; MALENKA RC.; DEISSEROTH K. 2014. Depression: the best way forward. Nature, 515(7526):200–201.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
WU L.; YANG X.; DUAN X.; CUI L.; LI G. 2014. Exogenous expression of marine lectins DlFBL and SpRBL induces cancer cell apoptosis possibly through PRMT5-E2F-1 pathway. Scientific reports, 44505.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MUCCINI M.; TOFFANIN S. 2016. Organic Light-Emitting Transistors. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
DAVIS M.; SCHONBERG E. (eds.) 2013. From Linear Operators to Computational Biology: Essays in Memory of Jacob T. Schwartz. London, Springer. XII, 208 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
HENDEL R. 2015. The Exodus as Cultural Memory: Egyptian Bondage and the Song of the Sea. In: LEVY TE, SCHNEIDER T and PROPP WHC (eds.) Israel’s Exodus in Transdisciplinary Perspective: Text, Archaeology, Culture, and Geoscience. Cham, Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Design Research Journal.

Blog post
DAVIS J. 2015. India Bans Multi-Use Vials Of Vulture-Killing Drug. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed on: October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. 2008. Higher Education: Multiple Higher Education Tax Incentives Create Opportunities for Taxpayers to Make Costly Mistakes. GAO-08-717T. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
SCHELLHOUS WT. 2017. Factors and Interactions Contributing to the Risk of Fire following Earthquake for Urban Southern California. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LEE L. 2008. The Best Decorated Tent You’ll Ever See. New York Times. November 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (King, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (King, 2014; Karplus and Diederichs, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karplus and Diederichs, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Design Research Journal
ISSN (print)1984-2988

Other styles