How to format your references using the Strategic Design Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Design Research Journal (SDRJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
MACILWAIN C. 2009. World view: Experts and democracy. Nature, 462(7271):275.
A journal article with 2 authors
LANGLAIS B.; AMIT H. 2008. Planetary science. The past Martian dynamo. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5897):1784–1785.
A journal article with 3 authors
ATTRI AK.; KUMAR U.; JAIN VK. 2001. Formation of ozone by fireworks. Nature, 411(6841):1015.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
MÜLLER C.; SCHLINDWEIN V.; ECKSTALLER A.; MILLER H. 2005. Singing icebergs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5752):1299.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
WOLBARST AB.; CAPASSO P.; WYANT AR. 2013. Medical Imaging. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
ÓLAFSSON JH.; HAY RJ. (eds.) 2016. Antibiotic and Antifungal Therapies in Dermatology. Cham, Springer International Publishing. VII, 345 p. 101 illus., 100 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
ESCH H. 2012. Foraging Honey Bees: How Foragers Determine and Transmit Information About Feeding Site Locations. In: GALIZIA CG, EISENHARDT D and GIURFA M (eds.) Honeybee Neurobiology and Behavior: A Tribute to Randolf Menzel. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Design Research Journal.

Blog post
TAUB B. 2016. See A Rare Monkey “Chatter” To A Camera. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed on: October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. 1997. Multiple Launch Rocket System: Range Less Than Needed and Sustained Rocket Production Not Ensured. NSIAD-97-196R. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
MEIJER K. 2015. Let the Gods Dance: Transformation Through Haitian Dance. Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA, Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GOTTLIEB S.; EMANUEL EJ. 2013. No, There Won’t Be a Doctor Shortage. New York Times. December 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain, 2009; Langlais and Amit, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Langlais and Amit, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Müller et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Design Research Journal
ISSN (print)1984-2988

Other styles