How to format your references using the Strategic Design Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Design Research Journal (SDRJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
FRATZL P. 2012. Materials science. A composite matter of alignment. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6065):177–178.
A journal article with 2 authors
FINE M.; TCHERNOV D. 2007. Scleractinian coral species survive and recover from decalcification. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5820):1811.
A journal article with 3 authors
ARORA PK.; SRIVASTAVA A.; SINGH VP. 2014. Degradation of 4-chloro-3-nitrophenol via a novel intermediate, 4-chlororesorcinol by Pseudomonas sp. JHN. Scientific reports, 44475.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
ALEMAN A.; F DE HAAN EH.; CASTNER SA.; WILLIAMS GV.; GOLDMAN-RAKIC PS. 2000. Antipsychotics and working memory in schizophrenia. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5476):56b–8b.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
HEIN H.; KUNZE W. 2005. Umweltanalytik mit Spektrometrie und Chromatographie. Weinheim, FRG, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
LEWIS CLS.; RILEY D. (eds.) 2009. X-Ray Lasers 2008. Volume 130. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands. XV, 562 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
DANA RH.; ALLEN J. 2009. Transitions Integrating Research and Practice. In: DANA RH and ALLEN J (eds.) Cultural Competency Training in a Global Society. New York, NY, Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Design Research Journal.

Blog post
ANDREW E. 2015. Spectacular New Images Of Pluto Released. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed on: October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. 1991. Within-School Discrimination: Inadequate Title VI Enforcement by the Office for Civil Rights. HRD-91-85. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
ZIV A. 2014. Dynamics in interactions with digital technology: A depth psychological/theoretical exploration of the evolutionary-biological, symbolic, and emotional psyche in the digital age. Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA, Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
KISHKOVSKY S. 2005. Moscow Theater Hit Again by Fire. New York Times. May 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fratzl, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Fratzl, 2012; Fine and Tchernov, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fine and Tchernov, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Aleman et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Design Research Journal
ISSN (print)1984-2988

Other styles