How to format your references using the Strategic Design Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Design Research Journal (SDRJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
CLERY D. 2014. Six handshakes, then silence. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6187):964–965.
A journal article with 2 authors
MILLUM J.; EMANUEL EJ. 2007. Ethics. The ethics of international research with abandoned children. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5858):1874–1875.
A journal article with 3 authors
MIHALCESCU I.; HSING W.; LEIBLER S. 2004. Resilient circadian oscillator revealed in individual cyanobacteria. Nature, 430(6995):81–85.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
PEDERSEN BP.; BUCH-PEDERSEN MJ.; MORTH JP.; PALMGREN MG.; NISSEN P. 2007. Crystal structure of the plasma membrane proton pump. Nature, 450(7172):1111–1114.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
WILLATZEN M.; LEW YAN VOON LC. 2011. Separable Boundary-Value Problems in Physics. Weinheim, Germany, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
ALMEIDA JB. 2011. Rigorous Software Development: An Introduction to Program Verification. London, Springer. XIII, 307 p. 52 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
BUSHEK D.; ALLEN DM. 2005. Motile Suspension-Feeders in Estuarine and Marine Ecosystems. In: DAME RF and OLENIN S (eds.) The Comparative Roles of Suspension-Feeders in Ecosystems: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on The Comparative Roles of Suspension-Feeders in Ecosystems Nida, Lithuania 4–9 October 2003. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Design Research Journal.

Blog post
ANDREW E. 2014. Four Rare White Lion Cubs Born. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. 2001. The High-Speed Rail Investment Act of 2001 (S. 250). GAO-01-756R. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
BENNETT MA. 2017. The Underrepresentation of Registered Nurses in Hospital CEO Positions: A Grounded Theory Study. Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ, University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
PILON M. 2012. Skipping School and Work? They Just Felt Blue. New York Times. February 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clery, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Clery, 2014; Millum and Emanuel, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Millum and Emanuel, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Pedersen et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Design Research Journal
ISSN (print)1984-2988

Other styles