How to format your references using the Strategic Design Research Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Design Research Journal (SDRJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
GRAEBER MB. 2010. Changing face of microglia. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6005):783–788.
A journal article with 2 authors
BAKER RP.; URBAN S. 2015. Cytosolic extensions directly regulate a rhomboid protease by modulating substrate gating. Nature, 523(7558):101–105.
A journal article with 3 authors
LEONE A.; FERRARI PF.; PALAGI E. 2014. Different yawns, different functions? Testing social hypotheses on spontaneous yawning in Theropithecus gelada. Scientific reports, 44010.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
TAI RH.; QI LIU C.; MALTESE AV.; FAN X. 2006. Career choice. Planning early for careers in science. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5777):1143–1144.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
EPPERLEIN PW. 2013. Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics. Oxford, UK, John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
BAUSCH A.; SCHWENKER B. (eds.) 2009. Handbook Utility Management. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer. XXXVI, 808 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
SALONITIS K.; PANDREMENOS J.; PARALIKAS J.; CHRYSSOLOURIS G. 2009. Multifunctional Materials Used in Automotive Industry: A Critical Review. In: PANTELAKIS S and RODOPOULOS C (eds.) Engineering Against Fracture: Proceedings of the 1st Conference. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Design Research Journal.

Blog post
FANG J. 2015. See-Through Shrimp-Like Creature Has a Dozen Retinas in Each Eye. IFLScience. Available at: Accessed on: October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. 1978. Contemplated Legislation To Provide Telecommunications for the Deaf. LCD-78-118. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
COPPOCK JE. 2017. Optical and Magnetic Measurements of a Levitated, Gyroscopically Stabilized Graphene Nanoplatelet. Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD, University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
KLEIMAN K. 2011. Change Sweeps Through Black Theater in Chicago. New York Times. July 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Graeber, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Graeber, 2010; Baker and Urban, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Baker and Urban, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Tai et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Design Research Journal
ISSN (print)1984-2988

Other styles