How to format your references using the ACS Applied Energy Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Applied Energy Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. Wrapped in Red Tape. Nature 2003, 423 (6941), 783.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sprecher, S. G.; Desplan, C. Switch of Rhodopsin Expression in Terminally Differentiated Drosophila Sensory Neurons. Nature 2008, 454 (7203), 533–537.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nielsen, S.; Yuzenkova, Y.; Zenkin, N. Mechanism of Eukaryotic RNA Polymerase III Transcription Termination. Science 2013, 340 (6140), 1577–1580.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ledwell, J. R.; Montgomery, E. T.; Polzin, K. L.; St. Laurent LC; Schmitt, R. W.; Toole, J. M. Evidence for Enhanced Mixing over Rough Topography in the Abyssal Ocean. Nature 2000, 403 (6766), 179–182.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Degner, R.; Leibl, S. PH Messen; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
Graph Drawing: 20th International Symposium, GD 2012, Redmond, WA, USA, September 19-21, 2012, Revised Selected Papers; Didimo, W., Patrignani, M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; Vol. 7704.
A chapter in an edited book
Iwai, K. Linear Polyubiquitination: A Crucial Regulator of NF-ΚB Activation. In Innovative Medicine: Basic Research and Development; Nakao, K., Minato, N., Uemoto, S., Eds.; Springer Japan: Tokyo, 2015; pp 51–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Applied Energy Materials.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Antidepressants May Not Be As Effective As We Thought, And Shouldn’t Be The Only Treatment For Depression (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Training America’s Labor Force: Potential, Progress, and Problems of Vocational Education; B-164031(1); U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wistrom, C. A. Perceptions of School Leaders Regarding the Benefits of Leadership Dashboards. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University: St. Charles, MO, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. Ground Zero, Deluged. New York Times. September 9, 2016, p MB4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Applied Energy Materials
AbbreviationACS Appl. Nano Mater.
ISSN (online)2574-0970

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