How to format your references using the ACS Applied Energy Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Applied Energy Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lundstrom, M. Applied Physics. Moore’s Law Forever? Science 2003, 299 (5604), 210–211.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hwang, I.; Sheen, J. Two-Component Circuitry in Arabidopsis Cytokinin Signal Transduction. Nature 2001, 413 (6854), 383–389.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moellering, E. R.; Muthan, B.; Benning, C. Freezing Tolerance in Plants Requires Lipid Remodeling at the Outer Chloroplast Membrane. Science 2010, 330 (6001), 226–228.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wang, S.; Dong, H.; Hou, W.; Jiang, H.; Huang, Q.; Briggs, B. R.; Huang, L. Greater Temporal Changes of Sediment Microbial Community than Its Waterborne Counterpart in Tengchong Hot Springs, Yunnan Province, China. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 7479.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bacon, C. R. Practical Risk-Adjusted Performance Measurement; John Wiley & Sons Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Respiratory System and Artificial Ventilation; Lucangelo, U., Pelosi, P., Zin, W. A., Aliverti, A., Eds.; Springer: Milano, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Nieves, L. Esophageal Cancer: Gastrointestinal Features. In Atlas of Dermatological Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease; Wu, G. Y., Selsky, N., Grant-Kels, J. M., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; pp 11–12.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Applied Energy Materials.

Blog post
Davis, J. London Has Issued A Toxic Air Alert Over High Levels Of Pollution (accessed 2018 -10 -30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Procedures for Registering and Certifying Air Carriers; RCED-87-115FS; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, V. A. Silenced Voices That Cry in the Night: The Transformative Experience of Spouses of Wounded Warriors - Is It Transformative Learning? A Phenomenological Study. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gregory, P. This Close to a Killer. New York Times. November 7, 2013, p MM36.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Applied Energy Materials
AbbreviationACS Appl. Nano Mater.
ISSN (online)2574-0970

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