How to format your references using the ACS Applied Energy Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Applied Energy Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cole-Hamilton, D. J. Chemistry. Janus Catalysts Direct Nanoparticle Reactivity. Science 2010, 327 (5961), 41–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Labouriau, R.; Amorim, A. Comment on “An Association between the Kinship and Fertility of Human Couples.” Science 2008, 322 (5908), 1634; author reply 1634.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reinfelder, J. R.; Kraepiel, A. M.; Morel, F. M. Unicellular C4 Photosynthesis in a Marine Diatom. Nature 2000, 407 (6807), 996–999.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gordon, G. R. J.; Choi, H. B.; Rungta, R. L.; Ellis-Davies, G. C. R.; MacVicar, B. A. Brain Metabolism Dictates the Polarity of Astrocyte Control over Arterioles. Nature 2008, 456 (7223), 745–749.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vicat-Blanc, P.; Soudan, S.; Guillier, R.; Goglin, B. Computing Networks; John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
Surgical Management of Inflammatory Eye Disease; Becker, M., Davis, J., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Koch, H.; Tataru, D.; Vişan, M. Convolution of Measures on Hypersurfaces, Bilinear Estimates, and Local Smoothing. In Dispersive Equations and Nonlinear Waves: Generalized Korteweg–de Vries, Nonlinear Schrödinger, Wave and Schrödinger Maps; Tataru, D., Vişan, M., Eds.; Oberwolfach Seminars; Springer: Basel, 2014; pp 73–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Applied Energy Materials.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Ancient Mega-Shark Unearthed In Texas. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Information on Federal Participation in Transit Benefit Programs; RCED-93-25; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prima, M. B. Waiting for Lefty: Adversity and the American Dream. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. Friday File. New York Times. January 16, 2015, p C36.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Applied Energy Materials
AbbreviationACS Appl. Nano Mater.
ISSN (online)2574-0970

Other styles