How to format your references using the ACS Applied Energy Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Applied Energy Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, O. Chemistry. Nota Bene: Know Thine Enemy. Science 2001, 294 (5545), 1298.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hunt, K. K.; Vorburger, S. A. Tech.Sight. Gene Therapy. Hurdles and Hopes for Cancer Treatment. Science 2002, 297 (5580), 415–416.
A journal article with 3 authors
Danielewicz, P.; Lacey, R.; Lynch, W. G. Determination of the Equation of State of Dense Matter. Science 2002, 298 (5598), 1592–1596.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Keeling, M. J.; Woolhouse, M. E.; Shaw, D. J.; Matthews, L.; Chase-Topping, M.; Haydon, D. T.; Cornell, S. J.; Kappey, J.; Wilesmith, J.; Grenfell, B. T. Dynamics of the 2001 UK Foot and Mouth Epidemic: Stochastic Dispersal in a Heterogeneous Landscape. Science 2001, 294 (5543), 813–817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Banks, R. E.; Sharp, J. M.; Doss, S. D.; Vanderford, D. A. Exotic Small Mammal Care and Husbandry; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Ames, Iowa, USA, 2016.
An edited book
Migration of Organisms: Climate Geography Ecology; Elewa, A. M. T., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Pratt, L. J.; Whitehead, J. A. Coastal Applications. In Rotating Hydraulics: Nonlinear Topographic Effects in the Ocean and Atmosphere; Whitehead, J. A., Ed.; Mysak, L. A., Hamilton, K., Series Eds.; Atmospheric And Oceanographic Sciences Library; Springer: New York, NY, 2007; pp 369–414.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Applied Energy Materials.

Blog post
Andrew, D. A Sixth Sense? How We Can Tell That Eyes Are Watching Us (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Record Linkage and Privacy: Issues in Creating New Federal Research and Statistical Information; GAO-01-126SP; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, T. H. Adolescent Substance Use Family-Based Treatment: A Grant Proposal Project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, B. Y. K. Dreams of a Summer Camp Take the Form of Reality. New York Times. November 12, 2001, p G10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Applied Energy Materials
AbbreviationACS Appl. Nano Mater.
ISSN (online)2574-0970

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