How to format your references using the ACS Applied Energy Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Applied Energy Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stierle, A. Materials Science. Tracking Corrosion Cracking. Science 2008, 321 (5887), 349–350.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cywes, C.; Wessels, M. R. Group A Streptococcus Tissue Invasion by CD44-Mediated Cell Signalling. Nature 2001, 414 (6864), 648–652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Catteruccia, F.; Godfray, H. C. J.; Crisanti, A. Impact of Genetic Manipulation on the Fitness of Anopheles Stephensi Mosquitoes. Science 2003, 299 (5610), 1225–1227.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Aubert, M.; Setiawan, P.; Oktaviana, A. A.; Brumm, A.; Sulistyarto, P. H.; Saptomo, E. W.; Istiawan, B.; Ma’rifat, T. A.; Wahyuono, V. N.; Atmoko, F. T.; Zhao, J.-X.; Huntley, J.; Taçon, P. S. C.; Howard, D. L.; Brand, H. E. A. Palaeolithic Cave Art in Borneo. Nature 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saleh, A. K. M. E.; Arashi, M.; Tabatabaey, S. M. M. Statistical Inference for Models with Multivariate t -Distributed Errors; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
Rehab Clinical Pocket Guide: Rehabilitation Medicine; Sackheim, K. A., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Sen, S.; Zhou, Z.; Huang, K. Stochastic Decomposition and Extensions. In Stochastic Programming: The State of the Art In Honor of George B. Dantzig; Infanger, G., Ed.; International Series in Operations Research & Management Science; Springer: New York, NY, 2011; pp 57–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Applied Energy Materials.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Forget The Antioxidant Pills; Just Stick With Veggies. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Assessing the Relationship between Education and the Workforce; GAO-14-374; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Angervil, G. Administrative Discretion in Public Policy Implementation: The Case of No Child Left Behind (NCLB). Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S. Something Was Wrong. New York Times. February 15, 2016, p BR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Applied Energy Materials
AbbreviationACS Appl. Nano Mater.
ISSN (online)2574-0970

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