How to format your references using the ACS Applied Energy Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACS Applied Energy Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blanke, S. R. Cell Biology. Expanding Functionality within the Looking-Glass Universe. Science 2009, 325 (5947), 1505–1506.
A journal article with 2 authors
Catania, K. C.; Remple, F. E. Asymptotic Prey Profitability Drives Star-Nosed Moles to the Foraging Speed Limit. Nature 2005, 433 (7025), 519–522.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wardle, D. A.; Nilsson, M.-C.; Zackrisson, O. Fire-Derived Charcoal Causes Loss of Forest Humus. Science 2008, 320 (5876), 629.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Roger, T.; David, J.; Glauser, M. P.; Calandra, T. MIF Regulates Innate Immune Responses through Modulation of Toll-like Receptor 4. Nature 2001, 414 (6866), 920–924.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flood, J. M. Practitioner’s Guide to GAAS 2014; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, New Jersey, 2014.
An edited book
Haines, A. J. Enhanced Surface Imaging of Crustal Deformation: Obtaining Tectonic Force Fields Using GPS Data, 1st ed. 2015.; Dimitrova, L. L., Wallace, L. M., Williams, C. A., Eds.; SpringerBriefs in Earth Sciences; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Patton, W.; McMahon, M. Theories Focusing on Content and Process. In Career Development and Systems Theory: Connecting Theory and Practice; McMahon, M., Ed.; SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2014; pp 95–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACS Applied Energy Materials.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Genetically Modified Immune Cells With ‘Suicide Genes’ Designed To Attack Cancers. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on Applicability of Grant-Back Provision of General Education Provisions Act to Library Services and Construction Act Programs]; B-223088; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vincent, C. Viewing Dissociative Identity Disorder through a Jungian Lens. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. How Hulu And ‘Tale’ Revived 2 Careers. New York Times. April 26, 2017, p C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACS Applied Energy Materials
AbbreviationACS Appl. Nano Mater.
ISSN (online)2574-0970

Other styles