How to format your references using the Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
LeBlanc LJ (2015) Quantum physics: Two-atom bunching. Nature 520:36–37
A journal article with 2 authors
Adrain C, Martin SJ (2006) Cell biology. Double knockout blow for caspases. Science 311:785–786
A journal article with 3 authors
Kobayashi K, Yoshimura J, Hasegawa E (2013) Coexistence of sexual individuals and genetically isolated asexual counterparts in a thrips. Sci Rep 3:3286
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bormashenko E, Pogreb R, Balter S, Aurbach D (2013) Electrically controlled membranes exploiting Cassie-Wenzel wetting transitions. Sci Rep 3:3028

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davison M (2011) Pharmaceutical Anti-Counterfeiting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Peters JF, Skowron A (eds) (2008) Transactions on Rough Sets VIII. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Pratje E (2007) Proteases of the Rhomboid Family in the Yeast Saccharomyces Cerevisiae. In: Hooper NM, Lendeckel U (eds) Intramembrane-Cleaving Proteases (I-CLiPs). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 79–88

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Terry Pratchett Gave Us A Million Dollars For Alzheimer’s Research – Here’s What We Did With It. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Review of the Tennessee Valley Authority’s Procurements of Automatic Data Processing Equipment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cano M (2015) An in-home visitation program for homebound older adult Veterans: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines M (2017) Justices Face Wisconsin Case That Could Redraw Partisan Political Maps. New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (LeBlanc 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Adrain and Martin 2006; LeBlanc 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Adrain and Martin 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Bormashenko et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleStochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment
AbbreviationStoch. Environ. Res. Risk Assess.
ISSN (print)1436-3240
ISSN (online)1436-3259
ScopeSafety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Water Science and Technology

Other styles