How to format your references using the Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Luber-Narod J (2000) Soft money is hard to find. Science 290:453b
A journal article with 2 authors
Cirac JI, Zoller P (2003) Physics. How to manipulate cold atoms. Science 301:176–177
A journal article with 3 authors
Parkin SSP, Hayashi M, Thomas L (2008) Magnetic domain-wall racetrack memory. Science 320:190–194
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Page MJ, Stevens JA, Mittaz JP, Carrera FJ (2001) Submillimeter evidence for the coeval growth of massive black holes and galaxy bulges. Science 294:2516–2518

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson MD (2016) Great Myths of Intimate Relationships. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Herman JM, Pawlik TM, Thomas CR Jr (eds) (2014) Biliary Tract and Gallbladder Cancer: A Multidisciplinary Approach, 2nd ed. 2014. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Checa S, Sandino C, Byrne DP, et al (2011) Computational techniques for selection of biomaterial scaffolds for tissue engineering. In: Fernandes PR, Bártolo PJ (eds) Advances on Modeling in Tissue Engineering. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 55–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment.

Blog post
Taub B (2016) How Card Players’ Eyes Give Their Hand Away. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Information Technology Dashboard: Opportunities Exist to Improve Transparency and Oversight of Investment Risk at Select Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
El-Amine Z (2010) Waking Up in Beirut. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2007) Village Wants Restaurant Wastewater Degreased. New York Times LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Luber-Narod 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Luber-Narod 2000; Cirac and Zoller 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cirac and Zoller 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Page et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleStochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment
AbbreviationStoch. Environ. Res. Risk Assess.
ISSN (print)1436-3240
ISSN (online)1436-3259
ScopeSafety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Water Science and Technology

Other styles