How to format your references using the Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Katsnelson A (2013) Drug development: target practice. Nature 498:S8-9
A journal article with 2 authors
Walker AW, Parkhill J (2013) Microbiology. Fighting obesity with bacteria. Science 341:1069–1070
A journal article with 3 authors
Okada D, Ozawa F, Inokuchi K (2009) Input-specific spine entry of soma-derived Vesl-1S protein conforms to synaptic tagging. Science 324:904–909
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang JV, Ren P-G, Avsian-Kretchmer O, et al (2005) Obestatin, a peptide encoded by the ghrelin gene, opposes ghrelin’s effects on food intake. Science 310:996–999

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gunn DM (2016) Judges. Blackwell Publishing, Malden, MA, USA
An edited book
Seliger G (ed) (2007) Sustainability in Manufacturing: Recovery of Resources in Product and Material Cycles. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Li KW (2011) A Study of Peer Discourse in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Environment. In: Leung H, Popescu E, Cao Y, et al. (eds) Advances in Web-Based Learning - ICWL 2011: 10th International Conference, Hong Kong, China, December 8-10, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 31–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Stem Cell Discovery Could Lead To Treatments For Various Blood And Immune Disorders. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Greater Use of Satellite Telecommunications To Link ADP Facilities Could Save Millions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garapati SH (2013) Analytical and Numerical Modeling of Assembly Procedures of Steel Fulcra of Bascule Bridges. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2007) Montauk Yacht Club Sold for $34 Million. New York Times LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Katsnelson 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Katsnelson 2013; Walker and Parkhill 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Walker and Parkhill 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleStochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment
AbbreviationStoch. Environ. Res. Risk Assess.
ISSN (print)1436-3240
ISSN (online)1436-3259
ScopeSafety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Water Science and Technology

Other styles