How to format your references using the Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holden C (2000) ACADEMIC COMMUNITY: Ruling Allows Unions at Private Colleges. Science 290:1069–1071
A journal article with 2 authors
Genda H, Abe Y (2005) Enhanced atmospheric loss on protoplanets at the giant impact phase in the presence of oceans. Nature 433:842–844
A journal article with 3 authors
Pohl MED, Pope KO, von Nagy C (2002) Olmec origins of Mesoamerican writing. Science 298:1984–1987
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Moya M, Bautista EG, Velázquez-González A, et al (2013) Potentially-toxic and essential elements profile of AH1N1 patients in Mexico City. Sci Rep 3:1284

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morris GL (2014) Investing with the Trend. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Geddes CD, Lakowicz JR (eds) (2006) Who’s Who in Fluorescence 2005. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Rhodes R (2005) Justice in Allocations for Terrorism, Biological Warfare, and Public Health. In: Boylan M (ed) Public Health Policy and Ethics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 73–90

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Saturn Hexagonal Storm Changes Color. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Highway Projects: Many Federal and State Environmental Review Requirements Are Similar, and Little Duplication of Effort Occurs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kennedy-Reid SK (2012) Exploring the Habitus: A Phenomenological Study of Transformative Learning Processes. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2002) From a Crate of Potatoes, a Noteworthy Gift Emerges. New York Times E2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holden 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Holden 2000; Genda and Abe 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Genda and Abe 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Moya et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleStochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment
AbbreviationStoch. Environ. Res. Risk Assess.
ISSN (print)1436-3240
ISSN (online)1436-3259
ScopeSafety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Water Science and Technology

Other styles