How to format your references using the Stem Cells Translational Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cells Translational Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Assmann SM. G proteins Go green: a plant G protein signaling FAQ sheet. Science 2005;310:71–73.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Guarente L, Kenyon C. Genetic pathways that regulate ageing in model organisms. Nature 2000;408:255–262.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Ahlberg PE, Clack JA, Blom H. The axial skeleton of the Devonian tetrapod Ichthyostega. Nature 2005;437:137–140.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Zhang Q, Fujino M, Iwasaki S, et al. Generation and characterization of regulatory dendritic cells derived from murine induced pluripotent stem cells. Sci Rep 2014;4:3979.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Kharmanda G, El Hami A. Reliability in Biomechanics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
1
Shackelford TK, Hansen RD, editors. The Evolution of Violence. New York, NY: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Chalfoun P, Frasson C. Optimal Affective Conditions for Subconscious Learning in a 3D Intelligent Tutoring System. In: Jacko JA, ed. Human-Computer Interaction. Interacting in Various Application Domains: 13th International Conference, HCI International 2009, San Diego, CA, USA, July 19-24, 2009, Proceedings, Part IV, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009:39–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cells Translational Medicine.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Synthetic magnetic monopoles have been created in the lab. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. National Transportation Safety Board: Progress Made, Yet Management Practices, Investigation Priorities, and Training Center Use Should Be Improved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Pederson HM. Decreasing blame and building therapeutic alliance: Clarifying central change processes in functional family therapy. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Markoff J. Technologists Face Hurdles Before They Take Wheel. New York Times 2017:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cells Translational Medicine
AbbreviationStem Cells Transl. Med.
ISSN (print)2157-6564
ISSN (online)2157-6580
ScopeCell Biology
Developmental Biology
General Medicine

Other styles