How to format your references using the Stem Cells Translational Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cells Translational Medicine (Stem Cells Transl Med). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gingrich N. SCIENCE PRIORITIES: An Opportunities-Based Science Budget. Science 2000;290:1303.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnston M, Stormo GD. Evolution. Heirlooms in the attic. Science 2003;302:997–999.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lutolf MP, Gilbert PM, Blau HM. Designing materials to direct stem-cell fate. Nature 2009;462:433–441.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Overpeck JT, Otto-Bliesner BL, Miller GH, et al. Paleoclimatic evidence for future ice-sheet instability and rapid sea-level rise. Science 2006;311:1747–1750.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rachev ST, Kim YS, Bianchi ML, et al. Financial Models with Lévy Processes and Volatility Clustering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
Melin P, Castillo O, editors. Soft Computing Applications in Optimization, Control, and Recognition. vol. 294. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
P.-Vaisband I, Jakushokas R, Popovich M, et al. Scaling Trends of On-Chip Power Noise. In: Jakushokas R, Popovich M, Mezhiba AV, et al., eds. On-Chip Power Delivery and Management, Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016:75–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cells Translational Medicine.

Blog post
Davis J. Millions Of Parasitic Wasps Released In The US In Attempt To Control Invasive Beetle. IFLScience 2016. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Head Start: A More Comprehensive Risk Management Strategy and Data Improvements Could Further Strengthen Program Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Choi Y-J. Function of Commissureless and Related Genes in Drosophila Neural Development. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO. Dosas, Big and Bigger. New York Times 2013:LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cells Translational Medicine
AbbreviationStem Cells Transl. Med.
ISSN (print)2157-6564
ISSN (online)2157-6580
ScopeCell Biology
Developmental Biology
General Medicine

Other styles