How to format your references using the Spermatogenesis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Spermatogenesis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Suddendorf T. Behavior. Foresight and evolution of the human mind. Science 2006; 312:1006–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Byrne S, Ingersoll AP. A sublimation model for martian south polar ice features. Science 2003; 299:1051–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Labeit A, Peinemann F, Kedir A. Cervical cancer screening service utilisation in UK. Sci Rep 2013; 3:2362.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Rad R, Rad L, Wang W, Cadinanos J, Vassiliou G, Rice S, Campos LS, Yusa K, Banerjee R, Li MA, et al. PiggyBac transposon mutagenesis: a tool for cancer gene discovery in mice. Science 2010; 330:1104–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Pascoe N. Reliability Technology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Laghi A. La cardio-TC. Milano: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Liu F-J. Theoretical Foundation for Spirituality-Oriented Holistic Art Education: Integration of Eastern and Western Aesthetics. In: Leong S, Leung BW, editors. Creative Arts in Education and Culture: Perspectives from Greater China. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. page 55–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Spermatogenesis.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. You Can Now Send Your Remains To The Moon. IFLScience2015;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. DOD Systems Modernization: Planned Investment in the Naval Tactical Command Support System Needs to be Reassessed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kim M. Adult ESL Korean readers’ responses about their reading in L1 Korean and L2 English. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Lee L. 10 Young Upstarts Strut Their Stuff in Miami. New York Times2011; :D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSpermatogenesis
AbbreviationSpermatogenesis
ISSN (print)2156-5554
ISSN (online)2156-5562
Scope

Other styles