How to format your references using the Spermatogenesis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Spermatogenesis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Jaffe H. Public health. Whatever happened to the U.S. AIDS epidemic? Science 2004; 305:1243–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lasne F, de Ceaurriz J. Recombinant erythropoietin in urine. Nature 2000; 405:635.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Haitin Y, Carlson AE, Zagotta WN. The structural mechanism of KCNH-channel regulation by the eag domain. Nature 2013; 501:444–8.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Takeuchi K, Mohammad S, Ozaki T, Morioka E, Kawaguchi K, Kim J, Jeong B, Hong JH, Lee KJ, Ikeda M. Serotonin-2C receptor involved serotonin-induced Ca2+ mobilisations in neuronal progenitors and neurons in rat suprachiasmatic nucleus. Sci Rep 2014; 4:4106.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kowalick TM. Fatal Exit. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
1.
Singh M. Pro SharePoint 2013 Business Intelligence Solutions. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
White MS, Xenopoulos MA, Hogsden K, Metcalfe RA, Dillon PJ. Natural lake level fluctuation and associated concordance with water quality and aquatic communities within small lakes of the laurentian great lakes region. In: Wantzen KM, Rothhaupt K-O, Mörtl M, Cantonati M, -Tóth LG, Fischer P, editors. Ecological Effects of Water-Level Fluctuations in Lakes. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. page 21–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Spermatogenesis.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J. Study Reveals What Matters To Guys When It Comes To Breast Attractiveness. IFLScience2016;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Commercial Space Transportation: Industry Trends, Government Challenges, and International Competitiveness Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Abraham SR. Using Self-Monitoring and Goal Setting to Increase Swimming in Adults. 2015;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Loomis G. Stretching the Boundaries of Opera. New York Times2012; :0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSpermatogenesis
AbbreviationSpermatogenesis
ISSN (print)2156-5554
ISSN (online)2156-5562
Scope

Other styles