How to format your references using the Space Weather citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Space Weather. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keeling, P. J. (2007). Genomics. Deep questions in the tree of life. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5846), 1875–1876.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bouchon, M., & Karabulut, H. (2008). The aftershock signature of supershear earthquakes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5881), 1323–1325.
A journal article with 3 authors
Motose, H., Sugiyama, M., & Fukuda, H. (2004). A proteoglycan mediates inductive interaction during plant vascular development. Nature, 429(6994), 873–878.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Einwögerer, T., Friesinger, H., Händel, M., Neugebauer-Maresch, C., Simon, U., & Teschler-Nicola, M. (2006). Upper Palaeolithic infant burials. Nature, 444(7117), 285.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Summerhayes, S. D. (2016). CDM Regulations 2015 Procedures Manual. Chichester, UK: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ourselin, S., Rueckert, D., & Smith, N. (Eds.). (2013). Functional Imaging and Modeling of the Heart: 7th International Conference, FIMH 2013, London, UK, June 20-22, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 7945). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Michl, S. (2015). Inventing Traditions, Raising Expectations. Recent Debates on “Personalized Medicine.” In T. Fischer, M. Langanke, P. Marschall, & S. Michl (Eds.), Individualized Medicine: Ethical, Economical and Historical Perspectives (pp. 45–60). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Space Weather.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, October 11). New Technique Mimics Animal Senses To Screen For Toxic Chemicals. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). Status of the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Modernization Program (No. NSIAD-85-78). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shore, L. A. (2014). The anima in animation: Miyazaki heroines and post-patriarchal consciousness (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Furber, M., & Pérez-Peña, R. (2017, July 18). Family Asks: Why Did Police Kill Woman Who Called 911? New York Times, p. A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keeling, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bouchon & Karabulut, 2008; Keeling, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bouchon & Karabulut, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Einwögerer et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleSpace Weather
AbbreviationSpace Weather
ISSN (print)1539-4956
ISSN (online)1542-7390
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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