How to format your references using the Respiratory Medicine and Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Respiratory Medicine and Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Henrich J. Animal behaviour: inequity aversion in capuchins? Nature 2004;428:139; discussion 140.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Ghabrial AS, Krasnow MA. Social interactions among epithelial cells during tracheal branching morphogenesis. Nature 2006;441:746–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Scatena LF, Brown MG, Richmond GL. Water at hydrophobic surfaces: weak hydrogen bonding and strong orientation effects. Science 2001;292:908–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Li Y, Wang M, Wang H, Tan H, Zhang Z, Webb GI, et al. Accurate in silico identification of species-specific acetylation sites by integrating protein sequence-derived and functional features. Sci Rep 2014;4:5765.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Mahlberg R, Gilles A, Läsch A. Hämatologie. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2004.
An edited book
[1]
Katz S, Mezini M, Kienzle J, editors. Transactions on Aspect-Oriented Software Development VII: A Common Case Study for Aspect-Oriented Modeling. vol. 6210. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Blomquist GE, Kowalewski MM, Leigh SR. Demographic and Morphological Perspectives on Life History Evolution and Conservation of New World Monkeys. In: Garber PA, Estrada A, Bicca-Marques JC, Heymann EW, Strier KB, editors. South American Primates: Comparative Perspectives in the Study of Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation, New York, NY: Springer; 2009, p. 117–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Respiratory Medicine and Research.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Warning Signs Detected For Collapse Of Ancient Populations. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/warning-signs-detected-for-collapse-of-ancient-populations/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Immigration and Customs Enforcement Needs to Fully Address Significant Infrastructure Modernization Program Management Weaknesses. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Schenkelberg V. Cultural competence training: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Grady D. When Illness Makes a Spouse a Stranger. New York Times 2012:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRespiratory Medicine and Research
ISSN (print)2590-0412
Scope

Other styles