How to format your references using the Respiratory Medicine and Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Respiratory Medicine and Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Adam D. Fatal rocket accident puts question mark over Soyuz’s safety. Nature 2002;419:766.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Lancaster MA, Knoblich JA. Organogenesis in a dish: modeling development and disease using organoid technologies. Science 2014;345:1247125.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Palter JB, Lozier MS, Barber RT. The effect of advection on the nutrient reservoir in the North Atlantic subtropical gyre. Nature 2005;437:687–92.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wend S, Dal Bosco C, Kämpf MM, Ren F, Palme K, Weber W, et al. A quantitative ratiometric sensor for time-resolved analysis of auxin dynamics. Sci Rep 2013;3:2052.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Chernick MR. The Essentials of Biostatistics for Physicians, Nurses, and Clinicians. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Guyot V, editor. Advanced Infocomm Technology: 5th IEEE International Conference, ICAIT 2012, Paris, France, July 25-27, 2012. Revised Papers. vol. 7593. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Nakkeeran S, Renukadevi P, Aiyanathan KEA. Exploring the Potential of Trichoderma for the Management of Seed and Soil-Borne Diseases of Crops. In: Muniappan R, Heinrichs EA, editors. Integrated Pest Management of Tropical Vegetable Crops, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2016, p. 77–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Respiratory Medicine and Research.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. We’re About To Get Our First Ever Image Of A Black Hole. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/were-about-to-get-a-first-ever-image-of-a-black-hole/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ward CS. Movin’ Around. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Nagourney A, Shear MD. Call From California: President Trump, Where Are You? New York Times 2017:A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRespiratory Medicine and Research
ISSN (print)2590-0412
Scope

Other styles