How to format your references using the Space Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Space Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
E. Dagotto, Complexity in strongly correlated electronic systems, Science. 309 (2005) 257–262.
A journal article with 2 authors
H.E. Scharfman, R. Hen, Neuroscience. Is more neurogenesis always better?, Science. 315 (2007) 336–338.
A journal article with 3 authors
T.L. Hedrick, B. Cheng, X. Deng, Wingbeat time and the scaling of passive rotational damping in flapping flight, Science. 324 (2009) 252–255.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.M. Lund, L. Hsing, T.T. Pham, A.Y. Rudensky, Coordination of early protective immunity to viral infection by regulatory T cells, Science. 320 (2008) 1220–1224.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K.-Y. Akiba, Organo Main Group Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
L. Joseph, M. Mahler, J. Auyero, eds., New Perspectives in Political Ethnography, Springer, New York, NY, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Väätäjä, E. Sirkkunen, M. Ahvenainen, A Field Trial on Mobile Crowdsourcing of News Content Factors Influencing Participation, in: P. Kotzé, G. Marsden, G. Lindgaard, J. Wesson, M. Winckler (Eds.), Human-Computer Interaction – INTERACT 2013: 14th IFIP TC 13 International Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, September 2-6, 2013, Proceedings, Part III, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 54–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Space Policy.

Blog post
J. Fang, Binge Drinking Affects Your Immune System Immediately, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Highways and Transit: Private Sector Sponsorship of and Investment in Major Projects Has Been Limited, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E.M. Klepper, Andragogy and Workplace Relationships: A Mixed-Methods Study Exploring Employees’ Perceptions of Their Relationships with Their Supervisors, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Winerip, M. Schwirtz, Even as Many Eyes Watch, Brutality at Rikers Persists, New York Times. (2015) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSpace Policy
AbbreviationSpace Policy
ISSN (print)0265-9646
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Economics and Econometrics
Sociology and Political Science

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