How to format your references using the South Asian Diaspora citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for South Asian Diaspora. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Deweerdt, Sarah. 2010. “Dancing with an Escape Artist.” Nature 466 (7304): S6-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Conradt, L., and T. J. Roper. 2003. “Group Decision-Making in Animals.” Nature 421 (6919): 155–158.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daeschler, Edward B., Neil H. Shubin, and Farish A. Jenkins Jr. 2006. “A Devonian Tetrapod-like Fish and the Evolution of the Tetrapod Body Plan.” Nature 440 (7085): 757–763.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Nelson, Celeste M., Martijn M. Vanduijn, Jamie L. Inman, Daniel A. Fletcher, and Mina J. Bissell. 2006. “Tissue Geometry Determines Sites of Mammary Branching Morphogenesis in Organotypic Cultures.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5797): 298–300.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padova, Ted. 2011. Adobe® Acrobat® X PDF Bible. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Green, Manfred S., Jonathan Zenilman, Dani Cohen, Itay Wiser, and Ran D. Balicer, eds. 2007. Risk Assessment and Risk Communication Strategies in Bioterrorism Preparedness. NATO Security through Science Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, Junbo, and Bo Zhou. 2008. “TGC-Tree: An Online Algorithm Tracing Closed Itemset and Transaction Set Simultaneously.” In Large-Scale Knowledge Resources. Construction and Application: Third International Conference on Large-Scale Knowledge Resources, LKR 2008, Tokyo, Japan, March 3-5, 2008. Proceedings, edited by Takenobu Tokunaga and Antonio Ortega, 38–50. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for South Asian Diaspora.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2017. “Discovery Of Oldest Croc Eggs Date From 152 Million Years Ago.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Temporary Emergency Impact Aid Provided Education Support for Displaced Students. GAO-11-839. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gittens, Brian E. 2009. “Perceptions of the Applicability of Transformational Leadership Behavior to the Leader Role of Academic Department Chairs: A Study of Selected Universities in Virginia.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside, Kelly. 2016. “After a Flat Tire, Finding Kindness, If Not a Spare.” New York Times, November 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Deweerdt 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Deweerdt 2010; Conradt and Roper 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Conradt and Roper 2003)
  • Three authors: (Daeschler, Shubin, and Jenkins 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Nelson et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleSouth Asian Diaspora
AbbreviationS. Asian Diaspora
ISSN (print)1943-8192
ISSN (online)1943-8184
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

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