How to format your references using the South Asian Diaspora citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for South Asian Diaspora. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, Paul. 2004. “On the Road.” Nature 427 (6969): 85.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, Wei, and Takuzo Aida. 2012. “Chemistry. Thermally Responsive Pulsating Nanotubules.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6101): 1462–1463.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lemos, Bernardo, Luciana O. Araripe, and Daniel L. Hartl. 2008. “Polymorphic Y Chromosomes Harbor Cryptic Variation with Manifold Functional Consequences.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5859): 91–93.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gurnett, D. A., P. Zarka, R. Manning, W. S. Kurth, G. B. Hospodarsky, T. F. Averkamp, M. L. Kaiser, and W. M. Farrell. 2001. “Non-Detection at Venus of High-Frequency Radio Signals Characteristic of Terrestrial Lightning.” Nature 409 (6818): 313–315.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gleeson, Kerry. 2008. The Personal Efficiency Program. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Watanabe, Makoto, Osamu Okuno, Keiichi Sasaki, Nobuhiro Takahashi, Osamu Suzuki, and Haruhiko Takada, eds. 2007. Interface Oral Health Science 2007: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium for Interface Oral Health Science, Held in Sendai, Japan, Between 18 and 19 February, 2007. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Lozovanu, Dmitrii, and Stefan Pickl. 2015. “Errata to: Optimization of Stochastic Discrete Systems and Control on Complex Networks.” In Optimization of Stochastic Discrete Systems and Control on Complex Networks: Computational Networks, edited by Stefan Pickl, E1–E4. Advances in Computational Management Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for South Asian Diaspora.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Earth’s Primordial Atmosphere Lost Due To Relentless Small Impacts.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Federal Education Funding: Allocation to State and Local Agencies for 10 Programs. HEHS-99-180. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yarijanian, Ararat Alex. 2017. “Cardborigami’s Strategic Business Plan to Address Urban Homelessness.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Caitlin. 2014. “The Trade-Offs of Relocating North to Canada.” New York Times, May 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2004; Zhang and Aida 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Aida 2012)
  • Three authors: (Lemos, Araripe, and Hartl 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Gurnett et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleSouth Asian Diaspora
AbbreviationS. Asian Diaspora
ISSN (print)1943-8192
ISSN (online)1943-8184
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

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