How to format your references using the South Asian Diaspora citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for South Asian Diaspora. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, J. 2000. “Nice Work--but Is It Science?” Nature 408 (6810): 293.
A journal article with 2 authors
Satheesh, S. K., and V. Ramanathan V. 2000. “Large Differences in Tropical Aerosol Forcing at the Top of the Atmosphere and Earth’s Surface.” Nature 405 (6782): 60–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giustino, Feliciano, Marvin L. Cohen, and Steven G. Louie. 2008. “Small Phonon Contribution to the Photoemission Kink in the Copper Oxide Superconductors.” Nature 452 (7190): 975–978.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Thomas, John H., Nigel O. Weiss, Steven M. Tobias, and Nicholas H. Brummell. 2002. “Downward Pumping of Magnetic Flux as the Cause of Filamentary Structures in Sunspot Penumbrae.” Nature 420 (6914): 390–393.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sestina, John E. 2016. Planning a Successful Future. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Prodan, Emil. 2016. Bulk and Boundary Invariants for Complex Topological Insulators: From K-Theory to Physics. Edited by Hermann Schulz-Baldes. 1st ed. 2016. Mathematical Physics Studies. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Pollet, Bruno G., Iain Staffell, and Kerry-Ann Adamson. 2016. “Structure of the Energy Sector in South Africa.” In The Energy Landscape in the Republic of South Africa, edited by Iain Staffell and Kerry-Ann Adamson, 21–29. SpringerBriefs in Energy. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for South Asian Diaspora.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “El Niño Is Here And That Means Droughts, But They Don’t Work How You Might Think.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. National Airspace System: FAA Reauthorization Issues Are Critical to System Transformation and Operations. GAO-09-377T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lu, Yeh-Chung. 2009. “From Confrontation to Accommodation: China’s Policy toward the U.S. in the Post-Cold War Era.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. “One Lesson for d’Arnaud: Learning Not to Throw With ‘Too Much Arm.’” New York Times, February 18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Smith 2000; Satheesh and Ramanathan 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Satheesh and Ramanathan 2000)
  • Three authors: (Giustino, Cohen, and Louie 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Thomas et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleSouth Asian Diaspora
AbbreviationS. Asian Diaspora
ISSN (print)1943-8192
ISSN (online)1943-8184
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

Other styles