How to format your references using the South Asian Diaspora citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for South Asian Diaspora. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adami, Christoph. 2006. “Computer Science. What Do Robots Dream Of?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314 (5802): 1093–1094.
A journal article with 2 authors
Feld, Gordon B., and Jan Born. 2015. “Neuroscience. Exploiting Sleep to Modify Bad Attitudes.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348 (6238): 971–972.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang, Qiu-Xing, Da-Neng Wang, and Roderick MacKinnon. 2004. “Electron Microscopic Analysis of KvAP Voltage-Dependent K+ Channels in an Open Conformation.” Nature 430 (7001): 806–810.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wang, Kevin C., Yul W. Yang, Bo Liu, Amartya Sanyal, Ryan Corces-Zimmerman, Yong Chen, Bryan R. Lajoie, et al. 2011. “A Long Noncoding RNA Maintains Active Chromatin to Coordinate Homeotic Gene Expression.” Nature 472 (7341): 120–124.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sheldrake, Philip. 2014. The Spiritual City. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Munoz-Garcia, Felix. 2016. Strategy and Game Theory: Practice Exercises with Answers. Edited by Daniel Toro-Gonzalez. Springer Texts in Business and Economics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Roy, Uttam, and Mrinmoy Majumder. 2016. “Result and Discussion.” In Impact of Climate Change on Small Scale Hydro-Turbine Selections, edited by Mrinmoy Majumder, 19–41. SpringerBriefs in Energy. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for South Asian Diaspora.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Study Reveals How Traveling To Mars Could Damage Astronaut’s Brains.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1971. Charges for Launch Support Services Furnished by the Air Force to the Communications Satellite Corporation (Comsat). B-168707. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ward, Scott. 2009. “Historiography, Prophecy, and Literature: ‘Divina Retribución’ and Its Underlying Ideological Agenda.” Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, Erin. 1994. “PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD.” New York Times, February 6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adami 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Adami 2006; Feld and Born 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Feld and Born 2015)
  • Three authors: (Jiang, Wang, and MacKinnon 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wang et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleSouth Asian Diaspora
AbbreviationS. Asian Diaspora
ISSN (print)1943-8192
ISSN (online)1943-8184
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

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