How to format your references using the South Asian Diaspora citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for South Asian Diaspora. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Betts, R. A. 2000. “Offset of the Potential Carbon Sink from Boreal Forestation by Decreases in Surface Albedo.” Nature 408 (6809): 187–190.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kourra, Christopher M. B. K., and Nicolai Cramer. 2015. “Catalysis: Gold Unleashes the Power of Three.” Nature 517 (7535): 440–441.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pergams, Oliver R. W., Wayne M. Barnes, and Dennis Nyberg. 2003. “Mammalian Microevolution: Rapid Change in Mouse Mitochondrial DNA.” Nature 423 (6938): 397.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ma, Yungui, Yichao Liu, Lu Lan, Tiantian Wu, Wei Jiang, C. K. Ong, and Sailing He. 2013. “First Experimental Demonstration of an Isotropic Electromagnetic Cloak with Strict Conformal Mapping.” Scientific Reports 3: 2182.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli, Daniel. 2007. IP Multicast with Applications to IPTV and Mobile DVB-H. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schwenker, Friedhelm, and Simone Marinai, eds. 2006. Artificial Neural Networks in Pattern Recognition: Second IAPR Workshop, ANNPR 2006, Ulm, Germany, August 31-September 2, 2006. Proceedings. Vol. 4087. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Arbia, Giuseppe, Giuseppe Espa, and Danny Quah. 2009. “A Class of Spatial Econometric Methods in the Empirical Analysis of Clusters of Firms in the Space.” In Spatial Econometrics: Methods and Applications, edited by Giuseppe Arbia and Badi H. Baltagi, 81–103. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for South Asian Diaspora.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “Costa Rica Has Been Running On 100% Renewable Electricity For 76 Days... And Counting.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. The Condition of Information on Education. 129118. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sullivan, Timothy J. 2017. “Molecular Ecology, Disease Ecology, and Candidate Genes for Pathogen Resistance in the Blue Crab Callinectes Sapidus.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lanchester, John. 2017. “Should We Trash Cash?” New York Times, January 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Betts 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Betts 2000; Kourra and Cramer 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kourra and Cramer 2015)
  • Three authors: (Pergams, Barnes, and Nyberg 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Ma et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSouth Asian Diaspora
AbbreviationS. Asian Diaspora
ISSN (print)1943-8192
ISSN (online)1943-8184
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

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