How to format your references using the South Asian Diaspora citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for South Asian Diaspora. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kamakura, Masaki. 2011. “Royalactin Induces Queen Differentiation in Honeybees.” Nature 473 (7348): 478–483.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zeller, Dirk, and Shawn Booth. 2005. “Costs and Benefits of Regulating Mercury.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310 (5749): 777–779; author reply 777-9.
A journal article with 3 authors
McElwain, Jennifer C., Jessica Wade-Murphy, and Stephen P. Hesselbo. 2005. “Changes in Carbon Dioxide during an Oceanic Anoxic Event Linked to Intrusion into Gondwana Coals.” Nature 435 (7041): 479–482.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
He, Jingjing, Pablo Martinez-Lozano Sinues, Maija Hollmén, Xue Li, Michael Detmar, and Renato Zenobi. 2014. “Fingerprinting Breast Cancer vs. Normal Mammary Cells by Mass Spectrometric Analysis of Volatiles.” Scientific Reports 4 (June): 5196.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhu, Frank Xin X., Richard Hoehn, Vasant Thakkar, and Edwin Yuh. 2017. Hydroprocessing for Clean Energy. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Simich, Laura, and Lisa Andermann, eds. 2014. Refuge and Resilience: Promoting Resilience and Mental Health among Resettled Refugees and Forced Migrants. Vol. 7. International Perspectives on Migration. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Xie, Rong, Huizheng Xu, and Yang Yue. 2013. “Using Mobile Phone Location Data for Urban Activity Analysis.” In Behavior and Social Computing: International Workshop on Behavior and Social Informatics, BSI 2013, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia, April 14-17, 2013 and International Workshop on Behavior and Social Informatics and Computing, BSIC 2013, Beijing, China, August 3-9, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Longbing Cao, Hiroshi Motoda, Jaideep Srivastava, Ee-Peng Lim, Irwin King, Philip S. Yu, Wolfgang Nejdl, Guandong Xu, Gang Li, and Ya Zhang, 30–43. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for South Asian Diaspora.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Complex Sugar Molecules May Be The Key To Safer Chemo.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Acquisition of Automatic Data Processing Equipment. B-115369.07. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cuvar, Kenneth M. 2015. “Balanced and Collaborative Outsourcing of IT Services: A Qualitative Delphi Study of Enterprise Partnerships.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Beard, Mary. 2017. “Lives in Ruins.” New York Times, May 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kamakura 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kamakura 2011; Zeller and Booth 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zeller and Booth 2005)
  • Three authors: (McElwain, Wade-Murphy, and Hesselbo 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (He et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSouth Asian Diaspora
AbbreviationS. Asian Diaspora
ISSN (print)1943-8192
ISSN (online)1943-8184
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Cultural Studies

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