How to format your references using the Source Code for Biology and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Source Code for Biology and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Goymer P. Biodiversity: Leaping lizards. Nature. 2014;513:492.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Barrangou R, Klaenhammer TR. Microbiology: Bacteria get vaccinated. Nature. 2014;513:175–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Yang L, Yang N, Li B. Reduction of thermal conductivity by nanoscale 3D phononic crystal. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1143.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Xu J, Gao Q, Zhang Y, Tan Y, Tian W, Zhu L, et al. Preparing two-dimensional microporous carbon from Pistachio nutshell with high areal capacitance as supercapacitor materials. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5545.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Cayoun BA. Mindfulness-integrated CBT for Well-being and Personal Growth. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Tanishita K, Yamamoto K, editors. Vascular Engineering: New Prospects of Vascular Medicine and Biology with a Multidiscipline Approach. 1st ed. 2016. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Tiganis T. The Role of TCPTP in Cancer. In: Neel BG, Tonks NK, editors. Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases in Cancer. New York, NY: Springer; 2016. p. 145–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Source Code for Biology and Medicine.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Injected Nanoparticles Could Stop Internal Bleeding. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Corps of Engineers Electronic Signature System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Nov. Report No.: AIMD-97-18R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Richardson MM. Challenging the South’s black-white binary: Haliwa-Saponi Indians and political autonomy [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Pilon M. Keeping Their Dogs From Looking Like Ours. New York Times. 2013 Feb 12;B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSource Code for Biology and Medicine
AbbreviationSource Code Biol. Med.
ISSN (online)1751-0473
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Information Systems
Information Systems and Management
Health Informatics

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